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Flashcards in GU Deck (186)
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1

What class of diuretic is bumetanide?

Loop

2

What diuretic most helpful in acute pulmonary edema

Loops

3

Which diuretics most helpful in glaucoma

CAI or mannitol

4

Which diuretic most helpful in edema a/w nephrotic syndrome

Loop or metolazone (very powerful thiazide)

5

Which diuretic used in increased ICP

Mannitol

6

Which diuretics used in altitude sickness

Acetazolamide

7

Most common nephrotic syndrome in adults

Membranous GN

8

IF: granular pattern of immune complex deposition; LM: hyper cellular glomeruli

Post strep GN

9

IF: linear pattern of immune complex deposition

Goodpastures

10

Nephrotic syndrome associated with Hep B

Membranoprolif (type I)

11

EM: sub endothelial humps and tram-track appearance

Membranoproliferative

12

L: crescent formation in the glomeruli

Rapidly progressive GN

13

Which nephropathy associated with HSP?

IgA nephropathy

14

EM: spike and dome pattern of basement membrane

Membranous nephritis

15

60 yo smoker found to have a varicocele that does not empty when pt is recumbent. What are you suspicious of?

Renal cell CA! Get a CT. DO NOT BIOPSY

16

Dietary recommendations in treatment of nephrolithiasis

Adequate dietary calcium (don't reduce)
Increase fluids
Decrease Na and oxalate

17

Young black male with painless hematuria

Sickle cell trait

18

Treatment for uric acid renal stones

Alkalinize urine with sodium bicarb or sodium citrate

19

MCC of nephrotic syndrome in AA male

FSGS

20

Treatment of Wegeners granulomatosis

Cyclophosphamide, steroids

21

MCC of morbidity/mortality in SLE?

Lupus nephritis

22

Defining characteristics of nephrotic syndrome

Proteinuria > 3.5 g/day
Hyperlipidemia
Hypoalbuminemia

23

Biggest risk factor for RCC

Smoking

24

5 etiologies of temporary hematuria

Exercise
UTI
Nephrolithiasis
Trauma
Endometriosis

25

Most common location of renal stone impaction

Uretero-vesico junction

26

What size calcium renal stone has a 50% likelihood of passing without surgical intervention

8-9 mm

27

Metabolic acidosis, normal anion gap, and low serum potassium

Diuretics, renal tubular acidosis types I and II, diarrhea, Fanconis syndrome

28

Metabolic acidosis, normal anion gap, high serum potassium

Addison's, RTA type IV, potassium sparing diuretics, hyperalimentation from TPN

29

Volume status after thiazides

Dehydrated -- hypovolemic OR euvolemic

30

Volume status in SIADH

Euvolemic