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Flashcards in GI Deck (34)
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1

why do heifers tend to have poor colostrum

Leak milk prior to calving

2

Why do holsetins have poor colostrum

high production

3

leaving dairy cows with their calves leads to what?

FPT

4

name one complication of dystocia with regards to the calf

Aciodsis-inadequate igG uptake

5

what is the SG of good quality colostrum

1050

6

how much colostrum should a calf recieve

4L for first 4 hours

7

name 2 diseases that should be included in vaccine of a new born calf

K99. clostridium perfriengens C, D

8

When does the calf reach full immunological competence

3-4 months

9

name the type of to*in carred by the enterotoo*genic e-coli

heat stable

10

what does the heat stable to*in do?

Activates cyclic AMP& GMP. opens up Na channels

11

what is the most practical way of assessing FPT

sodium sulfite

12

what is the problem using TP in assessing FPT

dehydration/fibrinogen

13

why can e coli occur in such young calfs

high ph in abomasum after birth

14

what is a resuscitation fluid

polyionic/isotonic fluid. 145 meq/L

15

name 2 reasons why a calf with e coli becomes acidotic

diarrhea/hypovolemia- anaerobic metabolism

16

what is the formula for determining bicarb deficit

deficit*BW*0.4

17

what are the sources of bicarb and how do you apply it

baking soda, NaCO3

18

what is one of the main preventative methods for e coli

vaccinate cow

19

for how long and why can a diarrhea persist after microbiological cure of rotavirus

6-10 days. time for new enterocytes to mature

20

name 3 syndromes associated with corona virus

winter dysentary
PED
snots
BRD

21

what type of pathology is associated with corona virus in the gut

maldigestion/malabsorption

22

name 2 antiseptics that are effective against corona virus

chlorhe*idine
phenols

23

at what age can cryptosporidium parvum result in clinical disease

5 days

24

how is crypto transmitted

contact
aerosol

25

name 3 syndromes associated with c. perfringens type A

abomasum bloat and inflammation
hemorrhagic bowl syndrome
sudden death

26

what clostridium can cause acute deaths in young calve due to necrotic enteritis

type C

27

what clostridia should be included in a vaccine for a couple week old calves. one of them has the very potent epsilon to*in

Type C&D

28

what is a predisposing cause for the development of c. perfriengens type D

overeating

29

which 2 clostridia are associated with sudden death syndrome

type A
sordelli

30

what is the reason for considering using a systemic antibiotic in salmonella

septicemia