Gloabalisation Case Studies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gloabalisation Case Studies Deck (24)
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1
Q

Containerisations contribution to a shrinking world

A
  • increased speed of transport of goods
  • reduced unit cost to 1%
  • increased FDI
2
Q

Privatisation and market liberalisation in the UK

A
  • conservative government started process of deregulation and privatisation 1979
  • including British gas, British rail
  • labour government removed Bank of England from direct government control
  • legislative regulatory reform act 2006 to enable ministers to make adjustments
3
Q

China’s open door policy

A
  • communist country (state controls means of production on behalf of the people)
  • desire to encourage FDI
  • 4 SEZ set up
  • aimed to attract capital and business from external communities
  • 2013 china worlds biggest trading nation
4
Q

Jaguar Land Rover - outsourcing and offshoring

A
  • uk’s largest car manufacturer
  • had 3 manufac sites in UK
  • international manufac site India 2011 (gain access to emerging economies)
  • 2012 joint partnership with Chinese company
  • outsourcing to produce vehicles and engines
  • expanded manufac to Rio and across Europe
5
Q

Cargill - opening up new markets

A
  • largest grain trader in world
  • lends money to farmers
  • runs grain transportation and storage business
  • enables investment in infrastructure of food production
  • built 9 animal feed mills in Vietnam
  • creates demand for farmers
  • investment in transport increasing connectedness
  • spurs more development
6
Q

North Korea - an isolated country

A
  • following Korean War, split into 2 countries
  • North Korea communist control
  • adopted policy of eon comic and diplomatic self reliance
  • to stop outside influence
  • after years of mismanagement, NK relies on Chinese aid
  • yet to have settlement with South Korea
7
Q

Chinas role in global shift in manufacturing

A
  • China’s global share of trade risen to 10%
  • 2002 US bought 26% of Brazil’s exports
  • china risen from 2-15% by 2010
  • Us market share declined
  • china now more important for brazil
  • larger influence
  • global shift to Asia
8
Q

Benefits and costs of the global shift in Mumbai, India

A
  • home to key industries - finance, nuclear power.
  • infrastructure investment was required
  • main airport expanded capacity 40mil passengers p/yr
  • new airport sanctioned
  • Nehru port handles containerisation
  • HQ of 2 Indian railway zones
  • rapid urbanisation = poverty + unemployment
  • overcrowding
  • 60% in slums
9
Q

Environmental damage in china

A
  • environmental regulations responsibility of local govts
  • more interested in economic growth
  • corruption hinders reinforcement
  • 60% groundwater poor quality
  • forests facing urban expansion
  • land lost to desertification
  • most polluted cities in china.
10
Q

Deindustrialisation in Detroit, Michigan

A
  • 1920s thriving car industry
  • global shift
  • car manufac – japan
  • leaving derelict land, depopulation, crime, unemployment
  • lost quarter of pop
  • bankrupt 2013
  • murder rate highest of any US city, drug related
11
Q

Social and environmental challenges in Karachi, Pakistan

A
  • 5% pop growth p/yr
  • migrants from rural or neighbouring countries
  • half the pop lives in slums
  • informal sector = low tax
  • services provided by neighbourhoods pooling resources, inefficient
  • poverty = crime + violence
  • settlements also in dry river beds and landfill
  • residents pay rent to gangs - supported by local govt
  • no service or infrastructure
12
Q

Russian oligarchs in ‘londongrad’

A
  • 1990’s Soviet Union dissolved
  • became commonwealth of independent states
  • business people acquired soviet era industries
  • these businesses made their new owners very rich
  • especially those selling to china growing as result of global shift
  • ‘oligarchs’ = wealth and political power
  • Russian oligarchs bought homes in wealthy London boroughs
  • ‘londongrad’
  • e.g. Roman abramovich
  • migration and investment beneficial to UK
13
Q

Low wage economic migration to Dubai

A
  • 1/8 residents members of UAE
  • many rich Indians live in Dubai
  • 2005 Indian industrialist bought 100th floor of burj khalifa
  • south Asian guest workers 60% of pop
  • 12 hour shifts $5 a day
  • many workers trapped in UAE by debts to agents for work visas
  • motivation was to send remittances to families
14
Q

The Disney corporation and Americanisation

A
  • large tnc’s mostly American
  • promote brand globally
  • so pushing American culture and values (Americanisation)
  • e.g. Disney corp largest media comp
  • promotes globally American values, traditions, morals
15
Q

The Paralympic movement

A
  • 1948 hosted sports comp for WW2 vets with spinal cord injuries
  • 1960 first Paralympic Games
  • globalisation of sports by key players
  • can create opportunities for disadvantaged groups
16
Q

Loss of tribal lifestyles in Papua New Guinea

A
  • 7000 cultural groups
  • rely on subsistence farming, hunting, fishing
  • partly British/German colony 1884
  • gained independence 1975
  • exp PSE integration
  • freedom of movement
  • integration of plantation workers
  • spread of Christianity and western culture
  • intermarriage between different cult groups
    = native language not passed on
    = cultural erosion
17
Q

Gender inequality index

A
  • measures gender disparity
  • reproductive health
  • empowerment
  • labour market participation
18
Q

Air pollution indices

A
  • Malaysia API (air pollutant index)
  • measures sulphur, nitrogen, carbon monoxide
  • if API exceeds 500, state of emergency
19
Q

Immigration and changing face of the uk

A
  • after WW2 UK received 500,000 migrants
  • no intervening obstacles
  • conflicts in former British colonies
  • EU allowed 1mil migrants
20
Q

Transboundary water conflict Nile basin

A
  • rising demand for water, (increasing pop, and ind development)
  • conflicting user needs (runs through 10 countries)
  • 94% used by Sudan and Egypt
  • Ethiopia need water for development
  • Egypt fears storing water behind damn will reduce capacity and therefore power generated
  • storing water in Ethiopia will reduce evaporation cooler cimate
  • corrupt govt hinders cooperation
21
Q

The great firewall of china

A
  • internet regulations
  • to prevent journalists and people communicating abroad
  • signing petitions
  • organising anti corruption protests
22
Q

Winchester action on climate change

A
  • winACC local group mitigate negative impacts of globali.
  • presses for renewable energy
  • helps people save money on energy in homes
23
Q

Transition towns and sustainability

A
  • totnes, UK 2006
  • raise awareness of sustainable living
  • aim to reduce energy usage
  • community gardens
  • repairing old items/recycling others waste
  • totnes pound, encourage local business
24
Q

The fair trade system

A
  • promote fair terms of trade to benefit farmers and workers
  • guarantees produced by small scale farmer organisation
  • meets SEE standards
  • large scale must protect workers basic rights
  • allows to improve services, sanitation, infrastructure etc.