Regeneration Case Studies Flashcards Preview

Edexcel Geography Human AS > Regeneration Case Studies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Regeneration Case Studies Deck (41)
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1
Q

Regeneration in San Francisco location

A
  • California

- west coast of USA

2
Q

why has San Francisco grown

A
  • TNC’s setting up HQ in Silicon Valley
  • e.g. Apple, android
  • increased FDI
  • better services + housing
  • reduced unemployment
  • last year 26,000 jobs created
3
Q

Why do companies locate in San Francisco now

A
  • close proximity to Harvard university, highly skilled workers
  • research and technology centres, helps innovation
  • San Francisco airport and docks, accessible - shrinking world
4
Q

How successful is Silicon Valley and the city

A
  • successful
  • creating 1000’s of new jobs
  • providing big payouts in tax for government
  • increased investment into local area improving services
5
Q

What are the costs of San Francisco’s success

A
  • class divide in San Francisco
  • many jobs are high skilled and paid
  • caused price of living to increase
  • in 2016 population decreased by 5000
  • some areas deprived
6
Q

Location of Glasgow

A
  • southern Scotland

- west of Edinburgh

7
Q

How has glasgows function changed over time

A
  • 1893 Glasgow one of the richest cities due to ship building industry
  • deindustrialisation during 80’s led to mines and factories being closed
  • due to cheap labour abroad
  • high unemployment and urban decay
8
Q

How have glasgows demographics changed over time

A
  • total positive inflow onto Glasgow
  • population projected to increase by 8% in 15 years
  • commonwealth games lead to inflow of people
  • created more than 5000 jobs
9
Q

How did regeneration in Glasgow impact peoples identity

A
  • higher skilled/higher paid jobs in tertiary/quarternary impacting identity
  • re-imaging can change identity attracting different groups of people
10
Q

What were the priorities for regeneration in Glasgow

A
  • 15,000 new homes by 2022, demolished high rise to build housing
  • in order to end depopulation
  • mixture of homes (high quality private and affordable)
11
Q

How does media question the need for regeneration in glasgow

A
  • during deindustrialisation 1980’s and high unemployment
  • media attention focused on violence and crime
  • area needed to be regenerated to improve reputation
12
Q

What rebranding and re imaging took place in Clyde

A
  • central waterfront heart of regeneration
  • new iconic bridge, help business on either side
  • stimulate economic and social activity
13
Q

How successful was the glasgow regeneration project

A
  • yes!
  • affordable new homes
  • populated regenerated area with positive community spirit
  • prevents gentrification as area is affordable
  • attract business, people more willing to work in glasgow
14
Q

Result of regeneration of the Clyde

A
  • raise profile of the city
  • vibrant waterfront
  • rebranding and improved aesthetics attracts visitors
15
Q

What impact did the commonwealth games have on glasgow

A
  • opportunity to improve reputation
  • attract visitors to new vibrant area
  • influx of tourists benefit economy
  • allowed people to see vibrant town and keep identity
16
Q

Crealy Devon location

A
  • south west england

- west of Bournemouth

17
Q

Crealy Devon summary

A
  • farm diversification and rural success
  • agricultural to a 100 acre adventure park and resort
  • rebranding
18
Q

How have crealy and farmers in Devon diversified

A
  • crealy added over 60 rides, attractions, live shows
  • 2012 park opened accomadation
  • farmers adding shops, cafes, restaurants
19
Q

How has diversification made Devon a successful rural area

A
  • more economic activity through business such as crealy, positive multiplier effect
  • rebranding from agricultural to tourism
20
Q

Englands rust belt - teeside location

A
  • north eats coast of england
  • along the river tees
  • large cities such as Sunderland
21
Q

Englands rust belt - teeside background

A
  • mainly primary industries such as coal and steel industry
  • third larges port in the UK on river teese
  • deindustrialisation caused factories and industry to close
22
Q

Reasons for decline along the river tees

A
  • declining export sales after the war
  • deindustrialisation
  • recession
  • unappealing
  • cheaper work and manufacturing abroad
  • locals lack disposable income
23
Q

What are the impacts of decline on the river tees

A
  • lack of business start ups and FDI
  • derelict land
  • increased crime and unemployment
  • sink estates
24
Q

Plymouth - drake circus location

A
  • port city
  • Devon
  • south west england
25
Q

What decline and demographic changes have occurred in Plymouth - drake circus

A
  • decline in health services due to..
  • medical graduates in Plymouth move elsewhere limite high paid job available
  • GCSE grades have fallen as qualifications not needed to work in Plymouth
  • young groups move for job opportunities
26
Q

Plymouth - drake circus stakeholders

A
  • MP
  • graduates
  • residents
  • Employees
27
Q

What regeneration took place in Plymouth - drake circus

A
  • £200mil regeneration
  • covered shopping centre 60,000 square metres
  • with new 1000 space car park
28
Q

What impacts have regeneration in Plymouth - drake circus had

A
  • increased business
  • influx of people, more economic activity
  • more aesthetically pleasing
  • increased congestion
29
Q

Heathrow airport expansion

A
  • plan to build new 3,500m runway
  • operational by 2026
  • preferred option over Gatwick
30
Q

Gatwick airport expansion

A
  • runway expansion
  • due to long haul growth
  • growth in gatwicks regional connections across Britain
31
Q

Benefits of airport expansion of Heathrow and Gatwick

A
  • more jobs 40,000 at Heathrow 22,000 at Gatwick
  • super hub status up to 40 new direct routes
  • more space for demand
  • lower fares and better passenger experience
  • benefit UK economy
32
Q

Negative impacts of expansion of Gatwick and Heathrow

A
  • congestion
  • air pollution
  • increase risk of heart disease
  • tax payers money £20bn a year spent on pollution related illness
  • destroy 4000 homes
33
Q

Where is the planned HS2 located

A
  • south east england

- to northern cities e.g. Manchester, Leeds

34
Q

Benefits provided by HS2

A
  • bridge north south divide
  • boost northern economy, more commuters, jobs and tnc’s up north
  • good for environment more efficient than air travel
  • less pressure on services
35
Q

Negative impacts provided by HS2

A
  • destroying homes
  • disrupts natural rural habitats
  • very expensive £121m per mile
  • noise pollution
36
Q

What conflicts could HS2 provide

A
  • local residents and local government
    Govt not considering priority of local community
    People displaced form homes
    Noise pollution
37
Q

Player involved in the HS2

A
  • local residents in chilterns area (south east)
  • local govt
  • national govt
  • environmentalists
38
Q

Tottenham regeneration location

A
  • north london

- borough of haringey

39
Q

Tottenham regeneration history

A
  • haringey economic decline since 1970’s
  • illegal landlords pack families into overcrowded flats
  • gang culture meant difficult to integrate
  • riots in 1980 and 2011
40
Q

Tottenham regeneration strategies

A
  • Haringey council created an organisation to conduct plan and gather community views and visions
  • world class education and training
  • improved access to jobs
  • better transport links
  • investment and development
41
Q

What was Arup’s Tottenham regeneration plan

A
  • improve business opportunities
  • better care for place
  • new stadium/leisure and comprehensive estate region
  • new train station
  • by 2025 10,00 new homes, 5,000 new job