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Flashcards in global governance revision Deck (27)
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1

what is global governance?

the ways in which global affairs are managed

2

how is cooperation negotiated?

between countries who agree to abide by the same rules given by a treaty

3

what is important in achieving sustainable development?

interdependance between countries meaning that economic governance is important to sustainable development

4

when was the un founded?

1945

5

what is the aim of the un?

to promote international peace and cooperartion

6

what is the UNDP?

the UN developmental programme

7

where are the UNDP headquarters?

in New York

8

what is the aim of the UNDP?

to help developing countries and transition economies to increase their development
assistance to developing countries

9

what are the SDGs?

sustainable developmental goals

10

how many SDGs are there?

17
interrelated
social and economical developmental issues

11

when were the SDGs made and how are they different to the MDGs?

2015
they have a zero target in that their goal is to eradicate each target such as no hunger or everyone should have clean water
if this is not the case then they have not been successful

12

how do SDGs work?

they address social changes by improving revenue

13

what is different about the focus of the sdgs compared to the mdgs?

the mdgs focused on the developing world
sags targets apply to all areas of the world but provide assistance to these developing nations

14

what agreement was created for cliamte change?

the kyoto protocol

15

when was the KP made?

1997

16

how many parties are in the kyoto protocol?

192
usa is not

17

what % did countries agree to cute emissions down by in KP?

cut emissions by 5% below the level of 1990
between 2008 and 2012

18

how did the KP also develop an international trading system?

can earn credits which can be sold to other countries if they have a surplus
also debt etc

19

according to the global carbon atlas who is the biggest contributors of greenhouse gases?

usa and china
2016

20

what was the KP essentially replaced by?

the paris agreement

21

when was the paris agreement signed?

2016

22

what is the main gol of the paris agreement?

to kee global temperatures well below 2 degrees above pre industrial times

23

who is the global financial system governed by?

two global institutions
imf
world bank

24

what is sustainable development?

it means meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

25

what did david pearce say about sustainable development?

that a country should be able to pass on as much capital as it inherited

26

what is meant by natural capital?

things in the enviro such as trees

27

what are the uks four objectives for sustainable development?

1) social progress which recognises the needs of others
2)effective protection of the environment
3)prudent use of resources
4)maintenance of economic growth
(everyone has high standards of living)