Flashcards in global governance revision Deck (27)
what is global governance?
the ways in which global affairs are managed
how is cooperation negotiated?
between countries who agree to abide by the same rules given by a treaty
what is important in achieving sustainable development?
interdependance between countries meaning that economic governance is important to sustainable development
when was the un founded?
what is the aim of the un?
to promote international peace and cooperartion
what is the UNDP?
the UN developmental programme
where are the UNDP headquarters?
in New York
what is the aim of the UNDP?
to help developing countries and transition economies to increase their development
assistance to developing countries
what are the SDGs?
sustainable developmental goals
how many SDGs are there?
social and economical developmental issues
when were the SDGs made and how are they different to the MDGs?
they have a zero target in that their goal is to eradicate each target such as no hunger or everyone should have clean water
if this is not the case then they have not been successful
how do SDGs work?
they address social changes by improving revenue
what is different about the focus of the sdgs compared to the mdgs?
the mdgs focused on the developing world
sags targets apply to all areas of the world but provide assistance to these developing nations
what agreement was created for cliamte change?
the kyoto protocol
when was the KP made?
how many parties are in the kyoto protocol?
usa is not
what % did countries agree to cute emissions down by in KP?
cut emissions by 5% below the level of 1990
between 2008 and 2012
how did the KP also develop an international trading system?
can earn credits which can be sold to other countries if they have a surplus
also debt etc
according to the global carbon atlas who is the biggest contributors of greenhouse gases?
usa and china
what was the KP essentially replaced by?
the paris agreement
when was the paris agreement signed?
what is the main gol of the paris agreement?
to kee global temperatures well below 2 degrees above pre industrial times
who is the global financial system governed by?
two global institutions
what is sustainable development?
it means meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
what did david pearce say about sustainable development?
that a country should be able to pass on as much capital as it inherited
what is meant by natural capital?
things in the enviro such as trees