Flashcards in Glossary of Family and Group Concents Deck (56):
self-starvation leading to loss of 25% or more of body weight; often accompanied by hyperactivity, hypothermia, and amenorrhea in females.
concept used in structural family tx to describe emotional barriers that protect and enhance the integrity of individuals, subsystems, and families.
Idea that events are related through a series of interacting loops or repeating cycles
A form of respondent learning in which an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as food which leads to an unconditioned response (UCR), such as salivation is paired with a conditioned stimulus (CS) such as a bell the result of which is that the CS begins to evoke the same response- used in the behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders
Study of relationships in terms of the exchange of verbal and nonverbal messages
Relationships based on differences which fit together, where qualities of one make up for lacks in the other, one is one-up, which the other is one-down.
Treatment of 2 or more persons, seen separately, usually by different therapists.
treatment of 2 or more persons in sessions together
behavior therapy technique wherby agreements are made between family members to exchange rewards for desired behavior.
Emotional reaction, usually unconscious and often distrorted, on the part of the therapist to a patient or member of a family in treatment
An inappropriate alliance between a parent and child, who side together against a 3rd member of the family.
Psychological isolation that results from overly rigid boundaries around individuals and subsystems in a family.
psychological isolation that results from overly rigid boundaries around individuals and subsystems in a family
conflict created when a person receives contradictory messages on different levels of abstraction in an important relationship and cannot leave or comment
Bowens term for flight from an unresolved emotional attachment
An interaction stimulated in structural family therapy in order to observe and then change transactions which make up family structure
Minuchins term for loss of autonomy due to a blurring of psychological boundaries
eliminating a behavior by not reinforcing it
an experiential therapy technique where family members are asked to draw their ideas about how the family is organized.
tendency of families to resist change in order to maintain a steady state
family life cycle
stages of family life from separation from one's parents, to marriage, having children, growing older, retirement, and finally death
the functional organization of families that determines how family members interact
a set of beliefs based on a distortion of historical reality and shared by all family members - that help shape the rules governing family functioning.
a person's parents and siblings, usually refers to the original nuclear family of an adult
family projection process
In Bowenian theory, the mechanism by which parental conflicts are projected onto the children or a spouse
a descriptive term for redundant behavioral patterns in a family based on expectations of how family members are expected to behave.
the return of a portion of the output of a system especially when used to maintain the output within predetermined limits (negative feedback) or to signal a need to modify the system (positive feedback)
functional analysis of behavior
in operant behavior therapy, a study of a particular behavior, what elicits it and what reinforces it. (More contemporary term: Applied Behavioral Analysis)
a blurring of psychological boundaries between self and others, and a contamination of emotional and intellectual functioning: opposite of differentiation
A schematic diagram of the family system, using squares to represent men, circles to indicate women, horizontal lines for marriages and vertical lines to indicate children
interactions amoung group members that emerge as a result of properties of the group rather than merely their individual personalities.
family functioning based on clear generational boundaries, where the parent maintain control and authority
symptom bearer of official patient as identified by the family
a structural family therapy term for accepting and accommodating to families in order to win their confidence and circumvent resistance.
the idea that 1 event is the cause and another is the effect; in behavior, the idea that 1 behavior is a stimulus and the other a response.
technique of teaching therapy wherby the supervisor observes sessions in progress and contacts the therapist to suggest different strategies and techniques
multiple family therapy
treatment of several families at once in a group therapy
parents and their children
internalized images of self and others based on early parent-child interactions which determine a person's mode of relationship to other people
object relations theory
psychoanalytic theory derived from Melanic Klein and the British School which emphasizes the object seeking propensity of the infant, instead of focusing exclusively on libidinal and aggressive drives
a form of teaming wherby a person or animal is rewarded for performing certain behaviors; the major approach in most forms of behavior therapy
a self-contradictory statement based on a valid deduction from acceptable premises. paradoxical directive, a technique used in strategic therapy whereby the die rapist directs family members to continue their symptomatic behavior. If they conform, they admit control and expose secondary gain, if they rebel, they give up their symptoms.
Parental (parentified child)
a child who has been allocated power to take care of younger siblings, adaptive when done deliberately in large of single parent families, maladaptive when it results from unplanned abdication of parental responsibility
prescribing the symptom (paradox)
a paradoxical technique which forces a patient to either give up a symptom or admit that it is under voluntary control
technique of ascribing positive motives to family behavior in order to promote family cohesion and avoid resistance to therapy
distinction between how members of a family or group relate (process) and what they talk about (content)
a defense mechanism that operates unconsciously whereby unwanted aspects of the self are attributed to another person and that person is induced to behave in accordance with these projected attitudes and feelings
relabeling a family's description of behavior to make it more amenable to therapeutic change; for example, describing someone as "lazy" rather than "depressed"
return to a less mature level of functioning in the face of stress
an event, behavior, or object that increases the rate of a particular response. A positive reinforcer is an even whose contingent withdrawal increases the rate of responding
exchanging rewarding behaviors btw family members
anything that patients or families do to oppose or retard the process of therapy, restraining. A strategic technique for overcoming resistance by suggesting that a family not change.
acting out the parts of important characters to dramatize feelings and practice new ways of relating
a member of the family, usually the identified patient, who is the object of displaced conflict or criticism