Glossary of Family and Group Concents Flashcards Preview

LCSW > Glossary of Family and Group Concents > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary of Family and Group Concents Deck (56):
1

Anorexia Nervosa

self-starvation leading to loss of 25% or more of body weight; often accompanied by hyperactivity, hypothermia, and amenorrhea in females.

2

Boundary

concept used in structural family tx to describe emotional barriers that protect and enhance the integrity of individuals, subsystems, and families.

3

Circular Causality

Idea that events are related through a series of interacting loops or repeating cycles

4

Classical Conditioning

A form of respondent learning in which an unconditioned stimulus (UCS), such as food which leads to an unconditioned response (UCR), such as salivation is paired with a conditioned stimulus (CS) such as a bell the result of which is that the CS begins to evoke the same response- used in the behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders

5

Communications theory

Study of relationships in terms of the exchange of verbal and nonverbal messages

6

Complementary

Relationships based on differences which fit together, where qualities of one make up for lacks in the other, one is one-up, which the other is one-down.

7

Concurrent therapy

Treatment of 2 or more persons, seen separately, usually by different therapists.

8

Conjoint therapy

treatment of 2 or more persons in sessions together

9

Contingency contracting

behavior therapy technique wherby agreements are made between family members to exchange rewards for desired behavior.

10

Countertransferance

Emotional reaction, usually unconscious and often distrorted, on the part of the therapist to a patient or member of a family in treatment

11

Cross-generational coalition

An inappropriate alliance between a parent and child, who side together against a 3rd member of the family.

12

Differentiation

Psychological isolation that results from overly rigid boundaries around individuals and subsystems in a family.

13

Disengagement

psychological isolation that results from overly rigid boundaries around individuals and subsystems in a family

14

Double-bind

conflict created when a person receives contradictory messages on different levels of abstraction in an important relationship and cannot leave or comment

15

Emotional cutoff

Bowens term for flight from an unresolved emotional attachment

16

Enactment

An interaction stimulated in structural family therapy in order to observe and then change transactions which make up family structure

17

Enmeshment

Minuchins term for loss of autonomy due to a blurring of psychological boundaries

18

extinction

eliminating a behavior by not reinforcing it

19

family drawing

an experiential therapy technique where family members are asked to draw their ideas about how the family is organized.

20

family homeostasis

tendency of families to resist change in order to maintain a steady state

21

family life cycle

stages of family life from separation from one's parents, to marriage, having children, growing older, retirement, and finally death

22

family structure

the functional organization of families that determines how family members interact

23

family myths

a set of beliefs based on a distortion of historical reality and shared by all family members - that help shape the rules governing family functioning.

24

family origin

a person's parents and siblings, usually refers to the original nuclear family of an adult

25

family projection process

In Bowenian theory, the mechanism by which parental conflicts are projected onto the children or a spouse

26

family rules

a descriptive term for redundant behavioral patterns in a family based on expectations of how family members are expected to behave.

27

feedback

the return of a portion of the output of a system especially when used to maintain the output within predetermined limits (negative feedback) or to signal a need to modify the system (positive feedback)

28

functional analysis of behavior

in operant behavior therapy, a study of a particular behavior, what elicits it and what reinforces it. (More contemporary term: Applied Behavioral Analysis)

29

fusion

a blurring of psychological boundaries between self and others, and a contamination of emotional and intellectual functioning: opposite of differentiation

30

Genogram

A schematic diagram of the family system, using squares to represent men, circles to indicate women, horizontal lines for marriages and vertical lines to indicate children

31

group dynamics

interactions amoung group members that emerge as a result of properties of the group rather than merely their individual personalities.

32

hierarchical structure

family functioning based on clear generational boundaries, where the parent maintain control and authority

33

identified patient

symptom bearer of official patient as identified by the family

34

joining

a structural family therapy term for accepting and accommodating to families in order to win their confidence and circumvent resistance.

35

linear causality

the idea that 1 event is the cause and another is the effect; in behavior, the idea that 1 behavior is a stimulus and the other a response.

36

live supervision

technique of teaching therapy wherby the supervisor observes sessions in progress and contacts the therapist to suggest different strategies and techniques

37

modeling

observational learning

38

multiple family therapy

treatment of several families at once in a group therapy

39

nuclear family

parents and their children

40

object relations

internalized images of self and others based on early parent-child interactions which determine a person's mode of relationship to other people

41

object relations theory

psychoanalytic theory derived from Melanic Klein and the British School which emphasizes the object seeking propensity of the infant, instead of focusing exclusively on libidinal and aggressive drives

42

operant conditioning

a form of teaming wherby a person or animal is rewarded for performing certain behaviors; the major approach in most forms of behavior therapy

43

paradox

a self-contradictory statement based on a valid deduction from acceptable premises. paradoxical directive, a technique used in strategic therapy whereby the die rapist directs family members to continue their symptomatic behavior. If they conform, they admit control and expose secondary gain, if they rebel, they give up their symptoms.

44

Parental (parentified child)

a child who has been allocated power to take care of younger siblings, adaptive when done deliberately in large of single parent families, maladaptive when it results from unplanned abdication of parental responsibility

45

prescribing the symptom (paradox)

a paradoxical technique which forces a patient to either give up a symptom or admit that it is under voluntary control

46

positive connotation

technique of ascribing positive motives to family behavior in order to promote family cohesion and avoid resistance to therapy

47

process/content

distinction between how members of a family or group relate (process) and what they talk about (content)

48

projective identification

a defense mechanism that operates unconsciously whereby unwanted aspects of the self are attributed to another person and that person is induced to behave in accordance with these projected attitudes and feelings

49

reframing

relabeling a family's description of behavior to make it more amenable to therapeutic change; for example, describing someone as "lazy" rather than "depressed"

50

regression

return to a less mature level of functioning in the face of stress

51

reinforcement

an event, behavior, or object that increases the rate of a particular response. A positive reinforcer is an even whose contingent withdrawal increases the rate of responding

52

reinforcement reciprocity

exchanging rewarding behaviors btw family members

53

resistance

anything that patients or families do to oppose or retard the process of therapy, restraining. A strategic technique for overcoming resistance by suggesting that a family not change.

54

roleplaying

acting out the parts of important characters to dramatize feelings and practice new ways of relating

55

scapegoat

a member of the family, usually the identified patient, who is the object of displaced conflict or criticism

56

undifferentiated family ego mass

the emotional fusion or enmeshment of a family