Glossary Terms 1-20: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament Flashcards Preview

Glossary Terms: Called by the Gospel, An Introduction to the New Testament (Michael P. Middendorf & Mark Schuler) > Glossary Terms 1-20: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary Terms 1-20: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament Deck (20)
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1

Agape feast

a gathering for a common meal in which the Lord's Supper was shared.

2

Agape

one of several Greek words for "love"; emphasizes the self-sacrificial giving of God and God's people. Other Greek words for love are eros (sensual love), philos (love of friends), and storge (familial love); agape is able to permeate and influence all other loves.

3

Alpha and Omega

first and last letters of the Greek alphabet used as title for Jesus Christ in Revelation.

4

Amanuensis

the occupation of one who wrote documents.

5

Antichrist

"opposed to" or "in place of Christ"; used only by 1 John and in the plural in the New Testament; some equate this term with the "man of lawlessness" in 2 Thessalonians.

6

Antilegomena

"being spoken against"; refers to seven New Testament books whose place in the canon of the New Testament was questioned by some in the early church.

7

Antinomianism

"against the Law"; asserts that the Law is no longer valid or to be applied and obeyed in New Testament times.

8

Apocalyptic

a distinct literary genre using visions, symbolism, cosmic struggles and violent imagery to disclose what will happen at the end of time.

9

Apocrypha

"hidden"; fourteen book in the Septuagint but not in the Hebrew Bible; accepted as authoritative by most Christians except Protestants,

10

Apostles' Creed

Christian statement of faith developed from early third-century Roman creed used in baptismal rite; present form not set until centuries later.

11

Aramaic

the native language of most people in the Jesus' time in the Jewish homelands, derived from Hebrew.

12

Aretology

popular Roman stories if individuals born of divine and human parents who were known for their ability to perform miracles.

13

Ark of the Covenant

the gold-covered box which the Israelites made at Mount Sinai containing the tablets with 10 Commandments, jar of manna, and Aaron's staff; Ark led Israel through the wilderness and into the promised land; later placed in the Holy of Holies of Solomon's temple; lost prior to or during the destruction of Solomon's temple by the Babylonians in 586 B.C.

14

Asceticism

adoption of a rigorous way of life characterized by self denial as part of a spiritual discipline.

15

Astral fatalism

the belief that one's future is set by fate and that fate may be discerned at least partially by studying the stars (astrology).

16

Baptism

a ritual washing of purification in Jewish circles; in Christianity, a rite by which a person is joined with Jesus Christ and enters the Christian community.

17

Biblical theology

field of study identifying themes and a consistent theology that run throughout the Old and New Testaments.

18

Blasphemy

the charge leveled against Jesus by the religious authorities; technically, involves cursing or slandering the divine name or acting in such a way as to imply such defamation.

19

Book of Concord

the official statement of Lutheran doctrine, also known as the Lutheran Confessions; assembled into a book in 1580; includes the Augsburg Confession and Luther's Small and Large Catechisms; "concord" means harmony or agreement.

20

Catholic

as in "Catholic Epistles" refers to a subset of New Testament books a having a more universal address; also called the General Epistles; includes James, the Petrine and Johannine letters, and Jude.