Glossary Terms 61-80: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament Flashcards Preview

Glossary Terms: Called by the Gospel, An Introduction to the New Testament (Michael P. Middendorf & Mark Schuler) > Glossary Terms 61-80: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary Terms 61-80: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament Deck (20)
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1

Hellenization

the process of accommodation to Hellenistic culture; generally yielded a hybrid of native and Hellenic ways.

2

Hermeneutics

a Greek work for interpretation and translation; functions as a technical term for principles used to understand and apply a text.

3

Homologoumena

twenty New Testament writings consistently affirmed as biblical through the processes of canonization.

4

Hosanna

Hebrew for "Pray, Save (us)!"

5

Incarnation

"enfleshment"; term to describe God becoming human in the person of Jesus.

6

Immanuel

a name for Jesus from the birth narrative in Matthew (1 :23) meaning "God is with us"; may also come into English as "Emmanuel."

7

Inspiration

describes how the Holy Spirit breathed out the Scriptures so that words written by humans are the Word of God (2 Timothy 3:16).

8

Judaizers

term for those who impose the Old Testament or Jewish laws on New Testament believers; term is pejorative and unfortunate, since the majority of New Testament Christians were Jewish.

9

Justification

a legal or forensic term for being declared righteous; being put in a right relationship with God; a favorite metaphor of St. Paul.

10

Kingdom of heaven/God

the imminent reign of God announced by the preaching of John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth; "heaven" is sometimes used for Jewish readers in place of "God" so as not to offend Jewish sensibilities about speaking the name of God.

11

Koine

the Greek word for common; refers to the style of Greek that was used throughout the Roman Empire in the first century; New Testament is written in this form of Greek.

12

Law and Gospel

distinctive Lutheran terminology for an understanding of what God speaks in the Bible. The Law is good and holy; it reveals God’s will for how one should live. It commands and makes demands and, as a result, provokes, identifies, and condemns sin. "Gospel" comes from the Greek word for good news (euangelion). It speaks of God's grace, mercy, and forgiveness given through faith in Jesus Christ.

13

Legalism

asserts that the law must still be imposed and obeyed; normally in relation to one's salvation.

14

Legion

major component of the Roman army; recruited from Roman citizenry; raised and disbanded as needed; consisted for four to six thousand men plus auxiliaries; twenty-five to thirty-five legions served the empire at one time.

15

Libertinism

the belief that New Testament believers are liberated from the Law and, therefore, free to live however they want.

16

Logos

the "word," key term in the prologue of the Fourth Gospel.

17

Lutheran Confessions

see Book of Concord

18

Man of lawlessness

a figure Paul says will arise along with an apostasy or turning away from God before the return of Christ.

19

Material remains

remains of ancient cultures and life exposed by the science of archaeology.

20

Messiah

derives from Hebrew for "anointed one," a designation for a king in the line of David; used for the kingly deliverer expected by the Jewish people; equivalent to the Greek christos.