Glossary Terms 101-120: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament Flashcards Preview

Glossary Terms: Called by the Gospel, An Introduction to the New Testament (Michael P. Middendorf & Mark Schuler) > Glossary Terms 101-120: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary Terms 101-120: Called by the Gospel, An Intro to the New Testament Deck (20)
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1

Priesthood of all believers

derived from 1 Peter to counter the belief that some Christians hold superior standing before God by virtue of their service as priests or as people dedicated a religious life apart from society and family; affirms that all Christians function in a priestly way in whatever service they offer.

2

Prison Epistles

the four letters of Paul in which he identifies himself as a prisoner (Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians and Philemon).

3

Prophecy

normally misunderstood simply in terms of predicting the future, the biblical term means to speak God's word and will about the past, present, or the future; emphasis is on God's work in the past and on applying his will to the present situation.

4

Propitiation

the gift of and place where Jesus by his death on the cross appeases the wrath of God.

5

Proselyte

a Gentile who has undergone ritual of conversion to become a Jew including circumcision.

6

Pseudepigrapha

works ascribed to important biblical figures of the past, such as Enoch, Noah, Moses, or Isaiah, but not written by them; writings were composed during a period from 200 B.C to A.D. 200, but not part of the Bible or the Apocrypha.

7

Pseudonymity

an ancient practice where an author adopts the figure of some famous person of the past (e.g. Enoch, Noah) and writes an account of events which happened to that person.

8

Q source

a supposed document containing sayings of Jesus that was used as a source by the writers of Matthew and Luke. The Q refers to the German word Quelle meaning "source."

9

Rabbi

a "teacher" in the Jewish religious tradition, at times itinerant, not associated in antiquity with a synagogue.

10

Rapture

to "grasp" or "seize"; a technical term which some Christians use to assert that Jesus will secretly return and rapture up believers.

11

Realized eschatology

Johannine emphasis on the present experience of the promises of God to be fulfilled at the end of time.

12

Redeem

to "purchase" or "buy back"; a metaphor from the language of commerce and, particularly, slavery.

13

Religio licita

literally, "legal religion"; denotes religions officially recognized by the Roman Empire that could be openly practiced; Julius Caesar made Judaism a religio licita.

14

Roman citizen

a special status in the Empire enjoyed by citizens of Rome and others to whom it was granted or by whom it was purchased.

15

Sabbath

the sixth day; from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday.

16

Sadducee

Jewish sect controlling the priesthood and accepting only the Torah as authoritative.

17

Samaritan

from the central hill country between Judea and Galilee; on the margins of Judaism with its own temple and version of the Pentateuch.

18

Sanctification

related to the word for "holiness"; in a narrow sense describes what God does to make us holy in Christ; in a broader sense describes the ways in which believers are called to live in response to' God's action.

19

Sanhedrin

a occasional gathering' of Judean elites affirming decisions in capital cases.

20

Second Temple period

broadly from the dedication of the second temple (514 B.C.) to its destruction (A.D. 70); often the focus is on the later portion of time from Hasmonean independence (142 B.C.) to the temple's destruction.