Flashcards in Goliath Pearls Deck (29):
What is goldenhar syndrome
(also known as Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral (OAV) syndrome) is a rare congenital defect characterized by incomplete development of the ear, nose, soft palate, lip, and mandible. It is associated with anomalous development of the first branchial arch and second branchial arch. Common clinical manifestations include limbal dermoids, preauricular skin tags, and strabismus.
What is keratosis pilaris
(KP, also follicular keratosis, lichen pilaris or chicken skin) is a common, autosomal dominant, genetic follicular condition that is manifested by the appearance of rough, slightly red, bumps on the skin. It most often appears on the back and outer sides of the arm (though the forearm can also be affected), and can also occur on the thighs, hands, and tops of legs, sides, buttocks, or any body part except glabrous skin (like the palms or soles of feet). Often the lesions will appear on the face, which may be mistaken for acne.
What is Legg-calve-perthes syndrome
a form of osteochondritis of the hip joint, where growth/loss of bone mass leads to some degree of collapse of the hip joint and to deformity of the ball of the femur and sometimes the surface of the hip socket. It is characterized by idiopathic avascular osteonecrosis of the capital femoral epiphysis of the femoral head leading to an interruption of the blood supply of the head of the femur close to the hip joint. The disease is typically found in young children, and it can lead to osteoarthritis in adults. The effects of the condition can sometimes continue into adulthood. It is also known as Perthes Disease, Legg–Perthes Disease, or Legg–Calve-Perthes Disease (LCPD)
At what age should testicles have dropped
Should have dropped by 1 year of age
What is the mechanism of montelukast
What are some serious adverse reactions with montelukast
What age should the soft spot close
Begin closing at 9.
Most commonly closed 12-14 months
Closed at the latest by 18-24 months
What is toddlers diarrhea
Chronic diarrhea of infancy, also called toddler's diarrhea, is a common condition typically affecting children between ages 6–30 months, usually resolving by age 4. Symptoms include multiple loose bowel movements per day, sometimes with undigested food visible; normal growth with no evidence of malnutrition; and no evidence blood in the stool or infection. The condition may be related to irritable bowel syndrome.
Treat with probiotics
What is the mechanism for guanfacine
Central acting alpha-2 agonist
What is ayr
Saline nasal gel with soothing aloe
14 mg/kg/day for 10 days
Max 600 mg / day
What is the indication for Bromfed DM
What is the mechanism of brompheniramine
Non-selectively antagonizes peripheral and central h1 histamine receptors
What is the mechanism of oseltamivir
What are the criteria for APGAR scores
What is VATER/VACTERL Syndrome
What is klippel-feil syndrome
characterized by the congenital fusion of any 2 of the 7 cervical vertebrae.:578 The syndrome occurs in a heterogeneous group of patients unified only by the presence of a congenital defect in the formation or segmentation of the cervical spine. Klippel–Feil syndrome can be identified by shortness of the neck. Those with the syndrome have a very low hairline and the ability of the neck to move is limited.[
What is the time frame that a child should double and triple their weight
double by 5 months
triple by 12 months
Small cell rosettes are highly suggestive of what
The diagnosis is confirmed with elevated serum or urinary catecholamine metabolites.
in infants less than one year of age, these tumors may spontaneously regress. This seems paradoxical, for a cancer that has metastasized to be considered a favorable stage
Are neuroblastoma hereditary
Most cases of neuroblastoma are due to somatic mutations. That is, these mutations arise in cells other than the gametes. Somatic mutations are not passed to the next generation.
What is esotropia
inward gaze of an eye
what is exotropia
outward gaze of an eye
What is the brat diet
Good for diarrhea and gi upset. Help to improve consistency of stool. Low fiber meals