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Flashcards in Goliath Pearls Deck (29):
1

What is goldenhar syndrome

(also known as Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral (OAV) syndrome) is a rare congenital defect characterized by incomplete development of the ear, nose, soft palate, lip, and mandible. It is associated with anomalous development of the first branchial arch and second branchial arch.[1] Common clinical manifestations include limbal dermoids, preauricular skin tags, and strabismus.

2

What is keratosis pilaris

(KP, also follicular keratosis, lichen pilaris or chicken skin) is a common, autosomal dominant, genetic follicular condition that is manifested by the appearance of rough, slightly red, bumps on the skin. It most often appears on the back and outer sides of the arm (though the forearm can also be affected), and can also occur on the thighs, hands, and tops of legs, sides, buttocks, or any body part except glabrous skin (like the palms or soles of feet). Often the lesions will appear on the face, which may be mistaken for acne.

3

What is Legg-calve-perthes syndrome

a form of osteochondritis of the hip joint, where growth/loss of bone mass leads to some degree of collapse of the hip joint and to deformity of the ball of the femur and sometimes the surface of the hip socket. It is characterized by idiopathic avascular osteonecrosis of the capital femoral epiphysis of the femoral head leading to an interruption of the blood supply of the head of the femur close to the hip joint. The disease is typically found in young children, and it can lead to osteoarthritis in adults. The effects of the condition can sometimes continue into adulthood. It is also known as Perthes Disease, Legg–Perthes Disease, or Legg–Calve-Perthes Disease (LCPD)

4

At what age should testicles have dropped

Should have dropped by 1 year of age

5

Singulair

Montelukast

6

What is the mechanism of montelukast

Leukotriene inhibitor

7

What are some serious adverse reactions with montelukast

Depression
Suicidality

8

What age should the soft spot close

Begin closing at 9.

Most commonly closed 12-14 months

Closed at the latest by 18-24 months

9

What is toddlers diarrhea

Chronic diarrhea of infancy, also called toddler's diarrhea, is a common condition typically affecting children between ages 6–30 months, usually resolving by age 4. Symptoms include multiple loose bowel movements per day, sometimes with undigested food visible; normal growth with no evidence of malnutrition; and no evidence blood in the stool or infection. The condition may be related to irritable bowel syndrome.

Treat with probiotics

10

Tenex

Guanfacine

11

What is the mechanism for guanfacine

Central acting alpha-2 agonist

12

What is ayr

Saline nasal gel with soothing aloe

13

Omnicef

Cefdinir oral

14 mg/kg/day for 10 days
Max 600 mg / day

14

Bromfed DM

Bromphenarimine
Dextromethorphan
Pseudoephedrine

15

What is the indication for Bromfed DM

URI symptoms

16

What is the mechanism of brompheniramine

Non-selectively antagonizes peripheral and central h1 histamine receptors

17

Tamiflu

Oseltamivir

18

What is the mechanism of oseltamivir

Neuramidase inhibitor

19

Quillivant XR

Methylphenidate

20

What are the criteria for APGAR scores

Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Respiration

21

What is VATER/VACTERL Syndrome

Vertebral anomalies,
Anal atresia,
Cardiac anomalies,
TracheoEsophageal fistula,
Renal/radial anomalies,
Limb defects

22

What is klippel-feil syndrome

characterized by the congenital fusion of any 2 of the 7 cervical vertebrae.[2]:578 The syndrome occurs in a heterogeneous group of patients unified only by the presence of a congenital defect in the formation or segmentation of the cervical spine. Klippel–Feil syndrome can be identified by shortness of the neck. Those with the syndrome have a very low hairline and the ability of the neck to move is limited.[

23

What is the time frame that a child should double and triple their weight

double by 5 months
triple by 12 months

24

Small cell rosettes are highly suggestive of what

neuroblastoma


The diagnosis is confirmed with elevated serum or urinary catecholamine metabolites.


in infants less than one year of age, these tumors may spontaneously regress. This seems paradoxical, for a cancer that has metastasized to be considered a favorable stage

25

Are neuroblastoma hereditary

Most cases of neuroblastoma are due to somatic mutations. That is, these mutations arise in cells other than the gametes. Somatic mutations are not passed to the next generation.

26

What is esotropia

inward gaze of an eye

27

what is exotropia

outward gaze of an eye

28

What is the brat diet

Bananas
Rice
Apple sauce
Toast

Good for diarrhea and gi upset. Help to improve consistency of stool. Low fiber meals

29

What is the HEEADSSS mnemonic mean

H: home
E: education
E: eating disorder
A: activity
D: Drugs
S: sexuality
S: suicide
S: safety