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Flashcards in Antidotes Deck (23):
1

Acetaminophen toxicity

N-acetylcysteine

2

Anti-cholinergic toxicity

Physostigmine sulfate

3

Anti-cholinesterase toxicity

Atropine sulfate, pralidoxime

4

Benzodiazepine toxicity

Flumazenil

5

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Oxygen

6

Cyanide toxicity

Amyl nitrate, sodium nitrate, sodium thiosulfate

7

Digoxin toxicity

anti-digoxin Fab fragments

8

Ethylene glycol toxicity

Ethanol

9

Extrapyramidal signs

Diphenhydramine, benztropine

10

Heavy metal toxicity

Chelaters, calcium disodium edetate EDTA, dimercaprol.

11

Iron toxicity

desferoxamine mesylate

12

isoniazid toxicity

Pyridoxine

13

Methanol toxicity

Ethanol

14

Methemoglobinemia

Methylene blue

15

Opiate toxicity

Naloxone

16

What are the signs and symptoms of corneal abrasions

Pain, photophobia, tearing and decreased vision

17

What are the steps to diagnose a corneal abrasion

floroscein exam under filter light confirms the diagnosis

18

What is the treatment for a corneal abrasion

Topical antibiotics, patching

19

What are the signs and symptoms of a concussion

Physical changes.
Cognitive changes.
Emotional disturbances.
Sleep disturbances.

20

What is the treatment for a child with a concussion

The child should not return to play until they received medical clearance

Pediatric and adolescent athletes should not be returned to play on the same day of the concussion, even if they become asymptomatic

21

When is a CT indicated for a concussion

Loss of conscience greater than one minute.
Severe symptoms.
Abnormal neurological findings.
Deteriorating neurological status.
Young infant.

22

Scald burns are most common for what age

Less than four years old

23

How is fluid resuscitation determined for burns

Using the Parkland formula

-4 mL LR x kg of bodyweight x % BSA burned (2nd and 3rd degree burns)

- Give half of the fluid in the first eight hours.
- Give the second half of the fluid in the next 16 hours