Flashcards in Good and Evil Deck (41)
What is a conscience?
An inner voice letting people know right from wrong?
What is the Devil?
The tempter, a force for evil.
What is the Fall?
The Biblical story in which Adam and Eve disobeyed God by eating forbidden fruit.
What is Moral Evil?
Evil and suffering caused by human choice to do wrong.
What is Natural Evil?
Suffering that happens because of the natural world and not because of human fault.
What does omnibenevolent mean?
What does omnipotent mean?
What does omniscient mean?
What is the Original Sin?
The sin that people are born with, inherited from the sin of Adam and Eve.
What is a sin?
Something morally wrong which goes against the teachings of God.
What do Christians believe about God's omnibenevolence?
*God is perfectly good and everything He created was good to as an extension of His goodness.
*God gives people moral laws so that they know how to be good and please Him.
*God loved the world so much that He sent Jesus who died upon the cross to save humanity from its sins.
What is redemption?
The making up for something bad that has been done.
What does the Old Testament of the Bible teach about the Devil?
In the book of Job, the Devil tries to tempt a good man called Job away from God by sending him all kinds of suffering in the hope that Job would turn away from God and lose his faith.
What is meant when Christians say the Devil is a fallen angel?
That the Devil was once an angel called Lucifer who rebelled against God and was kicked out of Heaven as his punishment.
What does the New Testament of the Bible teach about the Devil?
The Devil tries to tempt Jesus by trying to convince Jesus to use his power as God the Son in a way that is not for the good.
By what other names is the Devil known?
Stan, the Tempter, the Accuser, Lucifer.
How is the Devil depicted in art?
Often he is shown as similar to a man with wings, horns, hooves, a pitched fork and a tail. He is often painted red to show that people are more likely to do wrong if they are in the grip of strong emotions such as anger or passion. He can be shown with tongues of fire to represent the fires of Hell.
What do Christians who think the Devil is a supernatural being believe?
That the Devil is a supernatural being who can make plans, do deliberate acts of wrong and who aims to overthrow God.
They are more likely to be Fundamentalist Christians.
What do some Christians who think the Devil isn't a supernatural being believe?
That the Devil is a poetic way to talk about how people struggle to choose the right thing to do. They believe that no power can rival God's and the devil is how people talk about sin and the absence of God.
What happens in the story known as the Fall?
God gave Adam and Eve an earthly paradise to live in called the Garden of Eden.
They could do whatever they pleased as long as they didn't eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
A snake tempted Eve to eat the fruit, who in turn, tempted Adam.
Adam and Eve suddenly felt shame with their bodies and covered them with clothes.
God saw what they had done and punished them by making Adam toil and Eve suffer through childbirth.
"And the Lord God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;..."
"...but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it, you will surely die." (Genesis 2:16- 17)
What do some Christians believe about the snake in the Garden of Eden?
It was the Devil in disguise, tempting Adam and Eve to do the wrong thing.
"You will surely not die," the serpent said to the woman..."
"...For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." (Genesis 3:4)
What was the difference about the place of humanity before the Fall compared with after the Fall?
Before the Fall, humans were in a state of grace; they had a perfect relationship with God.
After the Fall, humans had fallen from grace as they had done wrong and challenged God's authority.
What do Christians who take the Fall story literally believe?
That Adam and Eve were real people and all parts of the story really happened.
Do all Christians have a literal understanding of the Adam and Eve story?
No, some Christians believe the story is a myth- a story with a meaning. It shows that God is not responsible for evil and suffering and that humans separate themselves from God through sin.
What do different Christians believe about original sin?
*Some Christians believe that original sin is passed down to all humans as they are all descended from Adam and Eve. This is why babies are baptised as this washes away their original sin.
*Other Christians say that to sin is a deliberate act and people can only be judged for the things that they have done. These Christians reject the belief in original sin. They view baptism as an initiation rite into the Christian Church.
How was Jesus' death on the cross redemptive?
As all people sin, all humans deserve to die and no one has earned the right to live in Heaven with God.
Jesus who was fully God and fully man was sinless so when he died, his death as both a man and a God paid the price for human sin, because he sacrificed his life for others.
"For the wages of sin is death..."
"...but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord." (Romans 6:23)
What examples of there of natural evil?
Earthquakes, hurricanes, diseases, tsunamis.
What examples are there of moral evil?
Theft, murder, bullying, violence, terrorism.
What is the problem of evil?
How can there be evil and suffering if God is all loving and all powerful?
How do some Christians believe that evil and suffering came into the world?
Evil and suffering are the result of Adam and Eve's Fall; they corrupted the natural order of things so are to blame for natural evil as well as being the first people to commit moral evil.
How do Christians who don't believe the Fall really happen explain evil and suffering?
These Christians would say that evil and suffering is part of life but by dealing with it, Christians can get closer to God. It is through suffering that people develop important qualities such as bravery, compassion and generosity. They might also say that evil and suffering is necessary because we need them in order to make genuine free choices. If there weren't challenges then people wouldn't really be tested and Christians believe that God gave people free will so they could choose to be good.
Why do some people say that the amount of suffering in the world is unfair?
They might say that it isn't fair as not all people suffer the same amount; this might suggest that God loves some people more or less than others. Also, in response to the idea that people learn from suffering, some people would argue that babies suffer yet can't learn from it and this is unfair.
What happens in the story of Job?
The Devil and God are talking- the Devil bets that he can make any man take away from God. The Devil tries to make a man who is very loyal to God, Job, turn away from God by taking away his wife and children, his sheep and giving him boils all over his body. Job asks God for an explanation as to why all these horrible things are happening to him. God tells Jobs that God has a plan and that Job, as a human, cannot understand it.
What does the story of Job teach Christians about suffering?
That humans cannot always understand what happens to them but there is a reason for their suffering and they should trust in God.
How might Christians cope with suffering?
*Pray to God for strength and comfort.
*Remembering the suffering of Jesus; they are not alone when they suffer, Jesus (God) suffers too.
*Remembering Jesus' example when suffering- by being patient and not complaining.
*Reading the Bible.
*Talking to other Christians.
*Helping other who suffer.
"Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you..."
"...I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid." (John 14:27)
How might Christians help others who are suffering?
*Visit the elderly, people who are ill or are bereaved.
*Spend time with people who are lonely.
*Raise funds to help support those who are suffering.
*Use their vote carefully and try and choose leaders who care about other people.
*Volunteer for a local scheme.
*Pray to God on behalf of other people.