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Flashcards in Gothic Art Deck (13)
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1

What was the original intention behind the meaning of the term when Giorgio Vasari coined it? Why?

-it was a reference to Nordic tribes that overran the Roman Empire in 6th century
-architecture was debased (less quality/value) compared to his own time, which revived the forms of classical antiquity (1500s)

2

What was the ultimate engineering challenge for the architect during the Gothic age? How did architects meet the challenge?

-Romanesque= stone barrel/groin vaults (thick, small windows,)--> very dark
-1100s→ architects want to make the fluid arrangement of the space

3

pointed arch

less outward thrust= bigger windows; could become taller that eh rounded arch

4

stone ribs

- distribute the weight of the vault onto columns and piers

5

flying buttresses

-bridge-like arches are connected to vertical members (uprights) that absorb the outward thrust; made it possible to reduce the masonry to more skeletal framework

6

groin vaults

- thick, needed very small windows

7

How does a Gothic church differ from a Romanesque church?

-taller/higher ceiling; more windows; stained glass→ LIGHT
-figurative sculptures
-stained glass windows= central to the perception of the cathedral as a collection of the Christian faith

8

What is the resulting effect of the new architectural elements in the Abbey Church of St. Denis?

-clear spatial distribution
-organic lightness
-bays were open on all sides and walls of radiating chapels had large openings with stained glass

9

To whom is this the Chartres Cathedral dedicated? What relic does it hold?

-dedicated to the Virgin Mary
-relic= tunic of the Virgin Mary
-believed to have a spiritual powers

10

Why are there two different construction phases for the Chartres Cathedral ?

-1140= Romanesque
-1194= church burned down; shroud was lost; town lost protection
-3 days later, tunic found unharmed
-believed that Mary wasn’t actually angry with the ppl in the town but just wanted to get the old church out of the way to build a new church equal to her importance

11

What is the overall subject or theme of the sculptural program for the Chartres Cathedral?

-Romanesque→ Gothic
-opening up the walls of the church; focus on geometry; wanted to church to mirror the measure in which god created the universe→ feel closer to God

12

importance of stained glass and light

-floating planes of light
-speckled light⇒ make the walls turn into spirit instead of matter
-light= symbol of divinity
-colors= rich, deep; vivid
-4 part to 3 part elevation (take out gallery)→ allow for larger panes of glass
-least material and most transcendent; “and there will be light” (separate light from dark); divine light; light of God--> what would heaven look like

13

Visitation Sculpture on Reims Cathedral

-Archangel Gabriel with the Annunciate Virgin, Mary and Elizabeth
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