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Flashcards in Greek Part 2 Deck (9)
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1

What is the Acropolis?

-2nd half of 5th century
-“city at the top”
-defensively oriented district; had municipal and religious buildings
-founding was a religious act
-local home for the gods
-religious (natural mysteries→ caves, springs, glens→ denoted presence of the gods) and military reasons for the high viewpt

2

What was the primary function of the Parthenon? How did the architects achieve perfection? What are the architectural refinements in it?

-chief shrine of Athena and treasury of the Delian League
-Doric order (simplist of 3 classical greek architecture)
-white marble; fluted baseless columns with square capital; stands on 3 stepped base and supports roof structure
-architectural refinements⇒ upward curvature of the base along the ends and repeated in the entablature
-entasis in the columns
-thickening of the 4 corner columns to counteract the thinning effect of being seen at certain angles against the sky
-metopes carved in high relief; each side had different battles/scenes

3

cornice, pediment, entablature, capital, and column

-post beam triangle construction→ generic Greek architecture; columns, horizontal members
-pediment= triangle top
-entablature= top of columns
-fluting= grooves in columns
-capital= ?
-cornice= overhang on the top part of the building

4

What story is depicted in the sculpture on the east pediment of the Parthenon?

-Athena being born from her father’s head (zeus)--> middle
-god reacting to it on the sides

5

How does the sculpture on the east pediment of the Parthenon conform stylistically to Classical period art?

-lifelike; movement; harmony; permanence
-expressive (relationship to each other;energy, responsiveness)
-humanism→ high point of human achievement
-heroism

6

What event marks the beginning of the Hellenistic period?

-Alex the Great conquered much of the known world (empire→ Greece, Asia Minor, through Egypt and Persian Empire in the Near East to India)
-DEATH OF ALEXANDER

7

What accounts for the broader range of subjects during the Hellenistic period?

-Alex’s generals (Diadochi “successors”) divided land into kingdoms→ new Hellenistic dynasties
-city-states asserted independence through alliances sometimes→ Aitolian League and Achaian League
-each kingdom was ruled by a local dynasty but was infused with new Greek elements→ expanded Greek world→ Hellenistic art and culture

8

HELLENISTIC PERIOD CHARACTERISTICS

-diverse in subject matter and stylistic dev
-strong sense of history
-representations of Greek gods in new forms→ nude Aphrodite= increase secularization
Dionysos, Hermes, Eros

9

In what way does this conform to the art of the Hellenistic period?

-shows the widening range of subject matter
not all statues of idea ppl (gods) → children, elderly ppl