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Flashcards in Greek Part 2 Deck (9)
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What is the Acropolis?

-2nd half of 5th century
-“city at the top”
-defensively oriented district; had municipal and religious buildings
-founding was a religious act
-local home for the gods
-religious (natural mysteries→ caves, springs, glens→ denoted presence of the gods) and military reasons for the high viewpt


What was the primary function of the Parthenon? How did the architects achieve perfection? What are the architectural refinements in it?

-chief shrine of Athena and treasury of the Delian League
-Doric order (simplist of 3 classical greek architecture)
-white marble; fluted baseless columns with square capital; stands on 3 stepped base and supports roof structure
-architectural refinements⇒ upward curvature of the base along the ends and repeated in the entablature
-entasis in the columns
-thickening of the 4 corner columns to counteract the thinning effect of being seen at certain angles against the sky
-metopes carved in high relief; each side had different battles/scenes


cornice, pediment, entablature, capital, and column

-post beam triangle construction→ generic Greek architecture; columns, horizontal members
-pediment= triangle top
-entablature= top of columns
-fluting= grooves in columns
-capital= ?
-cornice= overhang on the top part of the building


What story is depicted in the sculpture on the east pediment of the Parthenon?

-Athena being born from her father’s head (zeus)--> middle
-god reacting to it on the sides


How does the sculpture on the east pediment of the Parthenon conform stylistically to Classical period art?

-lifelike; movement; harmony; permanence
-expressive (relationship to each other;energy, responsiveness)
-humanism→ high point of human achievement


What event marks the beginning of the Hellenistic period?

-Alex the Great conquered much of the known world (empire→ Greece, Asia Minor, through Egypt and Persian Empire in the Near East to India)


What accounts for the broader range of subjects during the Hellenistic period?

-Alex’s generals (Diadochi “successors”) divided land into kingdoms→ new Hellenistic dynasties
-city-states asserted independence through alliances sometimes→ Aitolian League and Achaian League
-each kingdom was ruled by a local dynasty but was infused with new Greek elements→ expanded Greek world→ Hellenistic art and culture



-diverse in subject matter and stylistic dev
-strong sense of history
-representations of Greek gods in new forms→ nude Aphrodite= increase secularization
Dionysos, Hermes, Eros


In what way does this conform to the art of the Hellenistic period?

-shows the widening range of subject matter
not all statues of idea ppl (gods) → children, elderly ppl