-I visited every town in Castile at least once
- F appointed Viceroys to govern Aragon while he was away
- Advisors travelled with them and could deal with disputes in area e.g. Revolts or Lawsuits.
Religious Brotherhoods working as peace keeping forces
One set up in every area with 50+ inhabitants.
Remained until 1498; Provided soldiers and money to finance fighting.
-Acted as a police, tried cases e.g. Robbery, Murder, Arson.
-Punishments severe e.g. Mutilation or Death
Crown Governors appointed to Castilian towns
One in every major town, made royal presence felt.
- Collected Taxes, ensured Royal Jurisdiction wasn’t interfered with by Church or Nobility.
- Reported to Crown on local affairs.
- Resented by locals.
Previously caused disturbance in civil wars, where many took part.
-Troublesome nobles arrested: Castles burnt, much of property taken from them.
Crown tried to recover lost lands e.g. 1480 Cortes Of Toledo: almost all of the lands lost since 1464 returned to Crown.
Nobility forbidden to make private war or build new castles.
They were allowed to keep Alcabala- private sales tax.
Crown tried to work with nobility:
- Encouraged to spend time at Court
- Opportunities given to fight in foreign wars
- Promoted Mayorazgo (idea of giving one child the entire inheritance).
- Orders of Chivalry given out: Knights bound by religious vows, members owned large estates, F became Master of the Vows- Increased Royal Income.
Royal Councils created, 5 chambers that dealt with separately with:
- Foreign Policy
- Nobility & Letrados (Lawyers)
1483, Council of Supreme Inquisition formed.
1489, Council of Orders (dealt with Militia)
Law and Order
1489: Ordinances issued establishing permanent court at Valladolid.
More Permanent courts established in: Granada, Santiago De Compostela, Seville.
-Appeals from courts went to Council of Castile, highest appeal court.
Aragon: had own appeal court, independent from king and protected Aragonese rights.
Castile and Aragon had own separate Cortes. They were usually called to grant money or confirm Royal Legislation.
Met 16 times throughout reign. Didn’t meet between 1482-1498 because I was given money from Hermandades so didn’t need to call a Cortes.
3 separate Cortes for 3 individual kingdoms in Aragon. People’s grievances were discussed before granting money - gave Cortes power e.g. Dislike of Hermandad led to their suspension in 1488.