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Flashcards in Government Exam Review Deck (29):
1

Implied powers

Powers the government required to carry out its expressed constitutional powers; found in the elastic clause

2

Grand jury

Group that hears charges against a suspect and decides whether there is sufficient evidence to bring the person to trial; issues indictments

3

Magna Carta

Limited the power of the king

4

Organization of the Constitution

1) Preamble
2) 7 Articles
3) 27 Amendments

5

Lemon Test

Test used to see if there is a violation of the establishment clause;
1) does it have a clear secular nonreligious purpose?
2) does it neither inhibit nor advance religion?
3) does it avoid accessible government entanglement with religion?

6

Presiding officer of the Senate

Vice President

7

Privileges and Immunities Clause

Article IV; prevents states from discriminating against other states citizen

8

Protected speech

Unpopular speech, pure speech, symbolic speech

9

Reprieve

Postponement of legal punishment/sentence

10

Rider

A provision included in a bill in the subject other than the one covered in the bill (unrelated to main focus of the bill)

11

Sedition

Trying to overthrow the government

12

What are the six basic principles of the constitution and what are examples of each of them?

1) Popular Sovereignty: authority gets power from the people / Ex. Elections
2) Federalism: state and federal governments share power / Ex. full faith and credit clause, separation between federal and state, 10th Amendment
3) Separation of powers: keeps one branch from gaining too much power / Ex. 3 different branches with different responsibilities
4) Checks and Balances: allows each branch to have some control over/within the others / Ex. Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional, power to impeach, presidential veto
5) Judicial Review: allows courts to declare a law invalid if it's not in the Constitution / Ex. Marbury v. Madison
6) Limited Government: the government only has certain power or control over things appointed to them / Ex. Bill of Rights

13

Speaker of the house

Preside over the House of Representatives; third in line for presidency; elected by House of Representatives

14

State of the Union Address

Once a year given by the President to Congress; required

15

Sunset laws

A law that requires periodic checks of laws or of government agencies to see if they are still needed; time limit placed on a bill

16

Amendment process

2/3 for proposal by Congress, 3/4 for ratification by states

17

Articles of the Constitution

Article 1: legislative branch
Article 2: executive branch
Article 3: judicial branch

18

Declaration of Independence

Social contract theory and a list of how the king was following it

19

Theocracy

God-centered government

20

Marbury v. Madison

Established judicial review

21

MacCullough v. Maryland

Federal supremacy

22

Gibbons v. Ogden

Interstate commerce

23

Plessy v. Ferguson

Ruled "separate but equal" okay

24

Brown v. Board of Education

Ruled "separate but equal" not okay

25

Everton v. Board of Education

Aid to parochial schools constitutional

26

Bush v. Gore

Settled 2000 election

27

Gitlow v. New York

Incorporated freedom of speech

28

Engel v. Vitale

Prayer in public schools

29

Hearings

Sessions at which a committee listens to testimony from people interested in the bill