*GP - Nutrition Workshop Flashcards Preview

Study Notes - Cardiology > *GP - Nutrition Workshop > Flashcards

Flashcards in *GP - Nutrition Workshop Deck (33):
1

What is the current exercise recommendations for healthy adults?

30 minutes of moderate exercise on at least 5 days of the week (doesn't need to come in one session - can be split into smaller sessions)

2

How many portions of starchy foods (bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, etc.) should you eat a day?

Between 5-8 portions

3

How many portions of meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of proteins e.g. pulses, lentils, etc. should you eat a day?

2-3 portions

4

How many portions of milk and dairy products should you eat a day?

2-3 portions

5

What type of diet reduces CV events by approx. 30%

Mediterranean diet

6

How does statins impact on cholesterol in comparison to diet?

They have an additive effect meaning they should be combined with a cardio-protective diet

7

Which type of cholesterol are good and bad?

HDL = good
LDL = bad

8

What should saturated fatty acids (SFAs) be replaced with?

Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)

9

How many portions of fish should be eaten a week

2 (including 1 portion of oil fish)

10

How many portions of unsalted nuts, seeds and legumes should be eaten a week?

4-5 portions

11

What is the exercise recommendations for patients post-MI?

Build up to 20-30 mins / day to the point of slight breathlessness until you are able to do 30 mins of moderate intensity exercise 5 days a week

12

What do plant sterols and stanols do?
What does the typical diet contain?
How much is required to have an effect?

Lower LDL cholesterol levels by 15%
approx. 200-400mg pant sterols and 50mg plant stanols
2g is needed to lower cholesterol
(lowers cholesterol levels but effect on CVD events unknown and they are therefore not routinely recommended for primary or secondary prevention

13

What are the 3 dietary assessment tools?

Food diary
Food frequency questionnaire
24 hur recall (useful for clinical practice)

14

What are the main nutrients in fruit and vegetables? (4)

Fibre
Vitamin C
Carotene
Folate

15

What are the main nutrients in fruit and vegetables?

Fibre
Vitamin C
Carotene
Folate

16

How many portions of starchy foods (bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, etc.) should you eat a day?

Between 5-8 portions

17

How many portions of meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of proteins e.g. pulses, lentils, etc. should you eat a day?

2-3 portions

18

How many portions of milk and dairy products should you eat a day?

2-3 portions

19

What type of diet reduces CV events by approx. 30%

Mediterranean diet

20

How does statins impact on cholesterol in comparison to diet?

They have an additive effect meaning they should be combined with a cardio-protective diet

21

Which type of cholesterol are good and bad?

HDL = good
LDL = bad

22

What should saturated fatty acids (SFAs) be replaced with?

Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)

23

How many portions of fish should be eaten a week

2 (including 1 portion of oil fish)

24

How many portions of unsalted nuts, seeds and legumes should be eaten a week?

4-5 portions

25

What should our salt intake be less than per day?

26

What is the exercise recommendations for patients post-MI?

Build up to 20-30 mins / day to the point of slight breathlessness until you are able to do 30 mins of moderate intensity exercise 5 days a week

27

What do plant sterols and stanols do?
What does the typical diet contain?
How much is required to have an effect?

Lower LDL cholesterol levels by 15%
approx. 200-400mg pant sterols and 50mg plant stannous
2g is needed to lower cholesterol
(lowers cholesterol levels but effect on CVD events unknown and they are therefore not routinely recommended for primary or secondary prevention

28

What are the 3 dietary assessment tools?

Food diary
Food frequency questionnaire
24 hur recall (useful for clinical practice)

29

What are the main nutrients in breads, and other grainy/ starchy foods? (5)

Carcohydrates
Fibre
B vitamins
Calcium
Iron

30

What are the main nutrients in fruit and vegetables?

Fibre
Vitamin C
Carotene
Folate

31

What are the main nutrients in milk and dairy products? (5)

Protein
Vitamin B12
Vitamins A and D
Calcium

32

What are the main nutrients in meats, etc.?

Proteins
B vitamins
Vitamin B12
Iron
Zinc
Magensium

33

What are the main nutrients in fats and sugars? (4)

Fat
Carbohdrate
Vitamins A
Vitamins D