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Flashcards in GRAMMAR 1 Deck (93):
1

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
consider / you / ever / going back to school / ?

Have you ever considered going back to school?

2

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
ignore / never / Harry / his father's advice

Harry has never ignored his father's advice

3

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
the student / not / decide on / still / a career

The student still has not decided on a career

4

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
sign up for / one course / so far / they

They have signed up for one course so far

So far, They have signed up for one course

5

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
think about / a career in politics / never / I

I have never thought about a career in politics

6

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
just / switch to / a new career / Jerry

Jerry has just switched to a new career

7

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
medical school / already / be accepted to / she

She has already been accepted to medical school

8

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
take up / lately / you / any new hobbies / ?

Have you taken up any new hobbies lately?

9

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
ask / he / her to marry him / twice

He has asked her to marry him twice

10

ORDENE EN PRESENTE PERFECTO
ever / they / talk about / their plans for the future?

Have they ever talked about their plans for the future?

11

LOS SIGUIENTES ADVERBIOS Y EXPRESIONES SE USAN CON PRESENTE PERFECTO (ACCIONES FINALIZADAS)

EVER; NEVER; ALREADY; YET; SO FAR; STILL (PARA NEGATIVOS); ONCE; TWICE; THREE TIMES

12

EVER

SIEMPRE; NUNCA; ALGUNA VEZ

13

NEVER

NUNCA; NI SIQUIERA

14

ALREADY

YA

15

YET

AÚN; TODAVÍA; YA

16

SO FAR

HASTA AHORA

17

STILL (CON NEGATIVOS)

TODAVÍA; AÚN (CON NEGATIVOS)

18

HAVE YOU EVER THOUGHT ABOUT A CAREER IN LAW?

HAS PENSADO ALGUNA VEZ EN UNA CARRERA EN LEYES?

19

WE'VE NEVER CONSIDERED THAT COURSE OF ACTION

NOSOTROS NUNCA CONSIDERAMOS ESE CURSO DE ACCIÓN (PROCEDER)

20

SHE HAS ALREADY DECIDED ON A CAREER IN BUSINESS

ELLA SE HA DECIDIDO POR UNA CARRERA EN NEGOCIOS

21

I STILL HAVEN'T MADE UP MY MIND

STILL VA INMEDIATAMENTE DESPUÉS DE I DEL SUJETO. SE USA CUANDO HAVE LLEVA LA NEGACIÓN

22

LOS ADVERBIOS JUST; RECENTLY AND LATELY

se usan para describir eventos pasados, de los cuales no se sabe fecha exacta. Van después de HAVE (Regla general)

23

SHE'S JUST BEEN ACCEPTED IN SCHOOL

SHE'S JUST BEEN ACCEPTED IN SCHOOL

24

THEY'VE RECENTLY MADE PLANS TO GET MARRIED

THEY'VE RECENTLY MADE PLANS TO GET MARRIED

25

HAVE YOU MADE ANY PROGRESS WITH YOUR JOB SEARCH LATELY?

HAVE YOU MADE ANY PROGRESS WITH YOUR JOB SEARCH LATELY?

26

Si conoemos exactamente cuándo ocurrió un hecho

USAMOS SIMPLE PAST

27

SHE APPLIED FOR THE POSITION LAST WEEK

SHE APPLIED FOR THE POSITION LAST WEEK

28

SHE HAS APPLIED FOR THE POSITION LAST WEEK MAL MAL NUNCA

NO SE PUEDE USAR

29

EL PRESENTE PERFECTO ( I HAVE STUDIED ENGLISH)

USUALMENTE (NO ES REGLA), SE UTILIZA PARA ACCIONES QUE SE TERMINARON

30

EL PRESENTE PERFECTO CONTINUO (I HAVE BEEN STUDYING ENGLISH)

USUALMENTE (NO ES REGLA), SE UTILIZA PARA ACCIONES QUE CONTINÚAN EJECUTÁNDOSE

31

STATIVE VERBS (NON-ACTION) NO SE PUEDEN USAR EN EL PRESENTE PERFECTO CONTINUO

BE; BELIEVE; HATE; HAVE (FOR POSSESSION); KNOW; LIKE; LOVE; OWN; SEEM (PARECER); UNDERSTAND

32

I'VE KNOWN ABOUT HIS RESEARCH

NUNCA "I'VE BEEN KNOWING ABOUT ......"

33

JUST; RECENTLY

ANTES DEL VERBO

34

YET

AL FINAL DE LA ORACIÓN

35

SO FAR

NORMALMENTE AL FINAL DE LA ORACIÓN; TAMBIÉN SE PUEDE AL PRINCIPIO

36

SUCH A

SUCH A BABY

37

HE HAS SUCH A GREAT REPUTATION

TIENE UNA MUY GRANDE REPUTACIÓN

38

SUCH A

COMO UN

39

SUCH A

UNA MUY

40

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

TAKE

UP

Take up something you're interested in

41

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

DECIDE

ON

Decide on a course of study or a career

42

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

APPLY

FOR

Apply for a position or an opportunity to study

43

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

BE ACCEPTED

TO / INTO

Be acepted to a school or a program

44

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

BE REJECTED

BY

Be rejected by a program or a school

45

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

SIGN UP

FOR

Sign up for a course or an activity

46

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

ENROLL

IN

Enroll in a school, organization or program

47

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

SWITCH

TO

Switch to a new course of study or career

48

JUST; RECENTLY AND LATELY

Van después de HAVE
Si es pregunta, van al final
Describen eventos que han pasado hace poco

49

Cuando se sabe específicamente cuando ocurrió algo. Qué tiempo se usa?

SIMPLE PAST nunca presente perfecto

She applied for something last week

NUNCA

She has applied for something last week

50

COLLOCATION

Group of words

51

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

HAVE EXPERIENCE

WITH
Or
Doing something
Or
IN a field

52

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

HAVE TRAINING

IN

A field

53

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE
HAVE THE ABILITY

TO

do something

54

PREPOSICIÓN QUE VA DESPUÉS DE

HAVE KNOWLEDGE

OF

A skill, a field

55

Alguna vez has jugado fútbol?

Have you ever played football?

56

He has experience in the tourism industry

He has experience working in a hotel

57

He has the ability to manage groups of people

He has the ability to make quick decissions

58

He has training in emergency procedures

He has knowledge of languages

59

Responsible for all shipboard entertainment

He has experience planning recreational activities

60

I can use my knowledge of languages

I can use my ability to motivate people

61

I have the ability

Nunca I have ability

62

I need to get a phd in economics

I need a Harvard master in government

63

Corrija o escriba CORRECTO
The woman with whom I spoke was very helpful.

CORRECT

64

Corrija o escriba CORRECTO
The First Avenue Market is one place which I've always gotten fresh fish.

The First Avenue Market is one place WHERE I've always gotten fresh fish.

65

Corrija o escriba CORRECTO
Her ideas are ones what aren't very common.

Her ideas are ones WHICH aren't very common.

66

Corrija o escriba CORRECTO
Is that the teacher which all the students have been talking about?

Is that the teacher WHO all the students have been talking about?

67

Corrija o escriba CORRECTO
The palace, whose history can be traced over 500 years, is a historical landmark.

CORRECT

68

Corrija o escriba CORRECTO
The author who stories won the contest was previously unknown.

The author WHOSE stories won the contest was previously unknown.

69

WHOSE

CUYO

70

WHO; WHOM

SE USAN PARA PERSONAS

71

THAT; WHOSE

SE USA PARA PERSONAS Y COSAS

72

WHICH

SE USA PARA COSAS, NUNCA PARA PERSONAS

73

WHOM Y WHICH

SE USAN DESPUÉS DE UNA PREPOSICIÓN. EXCLUSIVAMENTE.
DESPUÉS DE UNA PREPOSICIÓN NO PUEDE IR WHO NI THAT

74

WITH WHOM

CON QUIEN

75

FROM WHOM

DE QUIEN

76

WHOM, WHOSE, WHICH

SE DENOMINAN RELATIVE PRONOUN. Van después de preposición.

77

ADJECTIVE CLAUSE WITH PRONOUN

QUANTIFIER + OF + RELATIVE PRONOUN. Como OF es preposición, después no puede ir WHO ni THAT

78

The band has four members, all of whom were born in Melbourne.

The guest brought a beautiful cake to dinner, half of which was later enjoyed for dessert.

79

There are several rumors going around now, none of which are true.

The artist is Alice Flannigan, one of whose favorite colors is blue.

80

The concert includes the compositions of several local musicians, a few of whom have gone on to record their own albums.

I've heard two versions of the story, neither of which is very believable in my opinion.

81

I'm sorry. I'll pay for the damage

He took responsability for the damage

82

It wasn't my fault. I"m not paying for it

He avoided taking responsibility for the damage

83

He said "I'm sorry. It was my fault"

He admitted making a mistake

84

He lied and said "It was Bob's fault"

He shifted the blame to someone

85

He overslept but said "Sorry, the train was late"

He made up an excuse

86

After he broke the camera, he said, "I'll buy a new one"

He made up for it;
He made up for breaking the camera

87

TO MADE UP

ASUMIR LA RESPONSABILIDAD

88

FORMAL
They deceived people with whom they interacted

INFORMAL
They deceived people whom (who) they interacted with

89

FORMAL
Money is a subject about which people are rarely honest

INFORMAL
Money is a subject which (that) people are rarely honest about

90

FORMAL
The man from whom we received the survey is studying about lying

INFORMAL
The man whom (who) we received the survey from is studying about lying

91

FORMAL
They lie for the person to whom they are closest

INFORMAL
They lie for the person whom (who) they are closest to

92

DE QUIEN

FROM WHOM

93

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