GRAMMAR 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRAMMAR 2 Deck (99):
1

There are 45 minutes left

Nos quedan 45 minutos

2

I have one level left

Me queda un nivel (Para terminar)

3

We have three beers left

Nos quedan tres cervezas

4

The person WHO HAD CHEATED ME used to be my friend

La información es esencial para identificar a la persona. En este caso no lleva comas

5

Lara Stevens, WHO HAD CHEATED ME, used to be my friend

En este caso la información NO es esencial para identificar a la persona, entonces ponemos comas

6

The people I have the most compassion for are those who are sick

La información es esencial para identificar a la persona. En este caso no lleva comas

7

WHEN THEY ARRIVED + Simple Past

Describe una acción que ocurrió justo después de que llegó

8

WHEN THEY ARRIVED, I sent an SOS message

Llegaron e inmediatamente envié el mensaje

9

WHEN THEY ARRIVED + Past Perfect

El evento ocurre antes de que llegaran

10

WHEN THEY ARRIVED + I had already sent an SOS message

Cuando llegaron yo ya había enviado el mensaje

11

WHEN THEY ARRIVED + Past Continuous

El evento ocurre al mismo tiempo de que llegaran

12

WHEN THEY ARRIVED I was sending the message

Llegaron y yo estaba enviando el mensaje (Al mismo tiempo)

13

WHEN THEY ARRIVED + Past Perfect Continuous

Describe un evento que había estado ocurriendo antes de que llegaran

14

WHEN THEY ARRIVED I had been trying to send an SOS message for an hour

Yo había estado tratando de enviar el mensaje y luego llegaron

15

The plane took off. Then they arrived

The plane XXXX when they XXXXX at the airport

The plane had taken off when they arrived at the airport

16

They left the airport. Then the plane took off

They XXXXX the airport by the time the plane XXXXX

They had already left the airport by the time the plane took off

17

The plane took off at the same time they arrived

When they XXXXX at the airport, the plane XXXXX

When they arrived at the airport, the plane was taking off

18

They cancelled the expedition. Immediately the sky cleared

When they XXXXX the expedition the sky XXXXX

When they canceled the expedition, the sky cleared

19

I locked all the doors. Then I went to bed

I XXXXX all the doors by the time I XXXXX to bed

I locked all the doors by the time I went to bed

20

I lost my cell phone. That's why I didn't phone for help

I XXXXX for help because I XXXXX my cell phone

I didn't phone for help because I had lost my cell phone

21

They were walking for an hour. Then they realized they were lost

When they XXXXX they were lost, they XXXXX for an hour

Qhen they realized they were lost, they had been walking for an hour

22

I was working hard all day. That's why I was exhausted

I XXXXX hard all day, so I XXXXX exhausted when I went to bed

I had been working hard all day. So I was exhausted when I went to bed

23

DIRECT SPEECH (LLEVA FRASES ENTRE COMILLAS)

He told his friend "Don't let it get to you"

INDIRECT SPEECH

He told his friend not to let it get to you

24

DIRECT SPEECH (LLEVA FRASES ENTRE COMILLAS)

They told Daniela "Don't go walking at night"

INDIRECT SPEECH

They told Daniela not to go walking at night

25

DIRECT SPEECH (LLEVA FRASES ENTRE COMILLAS)

Paula told him "You should get a Mercedes"

INDIRECT SPEECH

Paula told him that he should get a Mercedes

26

No matter how much coffee I drink,

I will be sleepy

27

No matter what everyone says,

I'll never give up

28

No matter who(m) I talk to,

Everybody is going to answer me

29

No matter how much money you make,

You can't buy everything

30

No matter how long you live,

You're going to die

31

No matter what my parents think

I'll be a winner

32

.................... , no matter what you want

I'll get in at this restaurant

33

.................... ,no matter where my friends are

I'll go to the beach

34

El subjuntivo es un verbo que va en BASE FORM sin TO atrás, cuando va precedido de ....

Verbos o Adjetivos que denotan URGENCIA, OBLIGACIÓN, O CONSEJO.

35

Doctor suggested she EXERCISE more and NOT WORK on weekends

El TO no va ni en la negación

36

Cuando se quiera usar pasiva, el verbo ya no va en base form. Va en participio y precedido de BE

Psychologists recommend we BE TRAINED to cope with stress

37

It's important Mary study while caring for her brother

It's important Mary study while caring for her brother

38

IT DOESN'T (MAKE SENSE / MAKE A CHOICE) TO WORK LONG HOURS

IT DOESN'T MAKE SENSE TO WORK LONG HOURS

39

IT CAN (MAKE A CHANGE / MAKE A PERSON) MISERABLE

IT CAN MAKE A PERSON MISERABLE

40

VERY FEW PEOPLE (MAKE A DECISION / MAKE SURE) TO QUIT THEIR JOB

VERY FEW PEOPLE MAKE A DECISION TO QUIT THEIR JOB

41

IT ISN'T EASY (MAKE A CHOICE BETWEEN / MAKE DO WITH) FEWER MATERIAL POSSESSIONS

IT ISN'T EASY MAKE DO WITH FEWER MATERIAL POSSESSIONS

42

THOSE WHO'VE DECIDED TO (MAKE A CHANGE / MAKE A DIFFERENCE) LIKE THIS DON'T SEEM TO REGRET IT

THOSE WHO'VE DECIDED TO MAKE A CHANGE LIKE THIS DON'T SEEM TO REGRET IT

43

PLEASURES LIKE GOING OUT FOR WALKS (MAKE A CHOICE / MAKES A DIFFERENCE) IN THEIR LIVES

PLEASURES LIKE GOING OUT FOR WALKS MAKES A DIFFERENCE IN THEIR LIVES

44

IT ISN'T EASY TO (MAKE A CHOICE BETWEEN / MAKE DO WITH) MONEY AND QUALITY OF LIFE

IT ISN'T EASY TO MAKE A CHOICE BETWEEN MONEY AND QUALITY OF LIFE

45

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
EVEN THOUGH

AUNQUE, A PESAR DE QUE

46

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
IN SPITE OF THE FACT THAT

A PESAR DEL HECHO QUE

47

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
NEVERTHELESS

SIN EMBARGO

48

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
IN CONTRAST

EN CONTRASTE

49

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
ON THE OTHER HAND

POR OTRO LADO

50

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
SOME PEOPLE BELIEVE

ALGUNAS PERSONAS CREEN

51

ADITIONAL INFORMATION
IN ADDITION TO

EN ADICIÓN A

52

ADITIONAL INFORMATION
FURHTERMORE

ADEMÁS

53

ADITIONAL INFORMATION
MORE OVER

MÁS, ADEMÁS

54

ADITIONAL INFORMATION
BESIDES

ADEMÁS, APARTE DE

55

If now you earn a low salary, you have to learn to ------------ with less money than before

MAKE DO

56

If you're not happy in your job, it -------------- to look for a new one

MAKES SENSE

57

-------------- to think carefully about your new responsibilities before you ---------- to take on that job

MAKE SURE / MAKE A CHANGE

58

He had to --------------- between staying in his job and working abroad

MAKE A CHOICE

59

PAIRED CONJUCTIONS

EITHER ...... OR

CUALQUIERA UNO O EL OTRO

60

PAIRED CONJUCTIONS

NEITHER NOR

NINGUNO NI EL UNO NI EL OTRO

61

PAIRED CONJUCTIONS

NOT ONLY BUT ALSO

NO SOLO .... SINO TAMBIÉN

62

CORRIJA O ESCRIBA CORRECTO
If you play a tennis, it's bad luck to hold more than two balls when you serve.

If you play tennis, it's bad luck to hold more than two balls when you serve.

63

CORRIJA O ESCRIBA CORRECTO
Never play a game of cards with a dog in the same room, or it will lead to arguments

CORRECT

64

CORRIJA O ESCRIBA CORRECTO
To ensure a "sweet life," a bride should put a few grains of sugar in her glove on her wedding day.

CORRECT

65

CORRIJA O ESCRIBA CORRECTO
Be careful with salt. You'll cry one tear for each salt that you spill.

Be careful with salt. You'll cry one tear for each GRAIN OF salt that you spill.

66

CORRIJA O ESCRIBA CORRECTO
Pulling out a white hair will cause ten more to grow in its place

CORRECT

67

CORRIJA O ESCRIBA CORRECTO
Dropping a comb while you are combing your hairs is a sign of a coming disappointment.

Dropping a comb while you are combing your HAIR is a sign of a coming disappointment.

68

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
Phishing is XXXX scam designed to steal a person's identity. Victims of XXXX scam receive XXXX e-mail that appears to come from XXXX trusted website such as their bank or favorite shopping site. XXXX e-mail attempts to trick people into disclosing valuable personal information like credit card numbers, passwords, or account data.

A
THE
AN
A
THE

69

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
Until the 1800s, British doctors believed that XXXX tomatoes were poisonous and caused conditions like "brain fever" and cancer. In fact, XXXX tomato is highly nutritious and a good source of vitamin A, important for healthy hair and skin.

X
THE

70

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
There's XXXX new product being marketed on XXXX Internet called "Exercise in a Bottle." In pop-up ads, the company claims that XXXX product will burn fat while the user is just sitting around doing nothing or even sleeping. XXXX ads also state that consumers can enjoy fried chicken, pizza, and other high-calorie, high-fat products and still lose weight

A
THE
THE
THE

71

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
XXXX U.S.-based company is in the business of selling stars. For $48 you can purchase XXXX star and name it. XXXX company has faced a great deal of criticism from XXXX astrologers and consumer groups, who point out that the certificates of purchase issued by the company aren't recognized by any other organization. "They can't sell XXXX sun because it's not theirs to sell," states one critic of the company.

A
A
THE (Es la segunda vez que se nombra a la compañía)
X
THE

72

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
Almost every culture has XXXX superstitions about love, money, and luck.

X

73

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
Do you agree that XXXX computer revolutionized the way we work and communicate?

THE

74

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
Which animal runs the fastest? I think it's XXXX cheetah

THE

75

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
The layer of XXXX fog was so thick we couldn't see anything around us

X

76

Type a, an, or the in each blank. If no article is necessary, type x.
The atmosphere of XXXX Earth blocks XXXX sun's harmful rays

THE
THE

77

a, an, the, x
It's hard to be objective about XXXX superstitions since we all have emotional reactions to them.

X

78

a, an, the, x
Do you agree that XXXX cell phone is the most important recent invention?

THE

79

a, an, the, x
The blanket of XXXX air surrounding our planet is the atmosphere.

X

80

a, an, the, x
The atmosphere of XXXX Earth includes nitrogen, oxygen, and other gases

THE

81

a, an, the, x
The atmosphere protects us from XXXX high-energy radiation

X

82

a, an, the, x
The layer of the atmosphere where all weather takes place is XXXX troposphere

THE

83

a, an, the, x

The fear of water is called XXXX hydrophobia

X

84

Use expressions with mind
Hey, let's go to a spa on Saturday. We can relax and enjoy ourselves. Let's forget about work and XXXX

put it out of our minds

85

Use expressions with mind
I know the reason isn't really logical or real, and the fear is XXXX, but I've had trouble getting over it.

all in my mind

86

Use expressions with mind
Well, it's a little embarrassing. People think I XXXX when I'm terrified of a tiny dog.

am out of my mind

87

Use expressions with mind
Everyone's afraid of something. Try to XXXX if you feel bad about your fear

keep that in mind

88

Use expressions with mind
Everyone in my family loves dogs, and they each have at least one. So I've XXXX that I want to get over my fear so I can go visit them

made up my mind

89

Use expressions with mind
Well, good luck with the class. And if you XXXX about going to the spa, let me know

change your mind

90

Dream interpreters' ideas about dreams sometimes startle people.
Their ideas can be XXXX

STARTLING

91

Dream interpreters' ideas about dreams sometimes startle people.
People are sometimes XXXX by dream interpreters' ideas.

STARTLED

92

I have a recurring dream that really disturbs me
My dream is really XXXX

disturbing.

93

I have a recurring dream that really disturbs me
I am XXXX by that dream

disturbed

94

Nightmares can really frighten children and adults.
Children and adults can be XXXX when they have nightmares.

frightened

95

Nightmares can really frighten children and adults.
Nightmares can be XXXX for people of all ages

frightening

96

Dreams can be hard to understand. Sometimes they confuse us.
Dreams are sometimes XXXX

confusing.

97

Dreams can be hard to understand. Sometimes they confuse us.
People are sometimes XXXX by their dreams.

confused

98

Have you ever had a dream that really fascinates you?
Have you ever had a really XXXX dream?

fascinating

99

Have you ever had a dream that really fascinates you?
Have you ever been XXXX by a dream?

fascinated