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Flashcards in GRAMMAR 3 Deck (108):
1

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
EVEN THOUGH

AUNQUE

2

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
IN SPITE OF THE FACT THAT

A PESAR DEL HECHO QUE

3

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
NEVERTHELESS

SIN EMBARGO

4

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
IN CONTRAST

EN CONTRASTE

5

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
ON THE OTHER HAND

POR OTRA PARTE

6

CONTRASTING INFORMATION
SOME PEOPLE BELIEVE

ALGUNAS PERSONAS CREEN

7

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
IN ADDITION TO

EN ADICIÓN A

8

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
FURTHERMORE

ADEMÁS

9

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
MOREOVER

ADEMÁS

10

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
EVEN MORE

AÚN MÁS

11

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
BESIDES

ADEMÁS

12

NO CONTABLES PUEDEN SER PRECEDIDOS POR

MUCH,
A LOT OF,
A LITTLE,
SOME

13

THERE IS TOO MUCH SUSPICIONS

HAY MUCHAS SOSPECHAS

14

THERE IS TOO MUCH MISTRUST

HAY MUCHA DESCONFIANZA

15

HOW MUCH MONEY?

CUÁNTO DINERO

16

YOU WILL GET MUCH PLEASURE

CONSEGUIRÁS MUCHO PLACER

17

A LOT OF PEOPLE

UN MONTÓN DE GENTE

18

A LOT OF WORK

UN MONTÓN DE TRABAJO

19

A LOT OF WATER

UN MONTÓN DE AGUA

20

LITTLE BY LITTLE

POQUITO A POQUITO

21

A LITTLE WATER

UN POQUITO DE AGUA

22

VERY LITTLE ATTENTION

MUY POCA ATENCIÓN

23

A LITTLE HELP

UN POQUITO DE AYUDA

24

SOME PROGRESS

ALGÚN PROGRESO

25

SOME TIME

ALGÚN TIEMPO

26

WITH SOME LUCK

CON ALGO DE SUERTE

27

A PIECE OF

FRUIT, PAPER, WOOD, METAL

28

A GRAIN OF

SAND, SALT, RICE, SUGAR

29

A GAME OF

TENNIS, FOOTBALL, CHESS

30

A SYMBOL OF

LOVE, ETERNITY, COMPANIONSHIP

31

AN ACT OF

KINDNESS, LOVE, HATRED

32

AN ARTICLE OF

CLOTHING

33

A BOLT OF

LIGHTING (ILUMINACIÓN)

34

A BOLT OF LIGHTING

UN RELÁMPAGO

35

A FLASH OF LIGHTING

UN RELÁMPAGO

36

A CLAP OF THUNDER

UN TRUENO

37

RAY, BEAM

RAYO

38

A DROP OF

RAIN, COFFEE, WATER

39

A BOWL OF

RICE, SOUP, CEREAL

40

A LOAF OF

BREAD

41

A NUMBER

MUCHAS

42

UN SUSTANTIVO ES 'INDEFINIDO' CUANDO NO SE REFIERE A UNA ESPECÍFICA PERSONA, LUGAR O COSA

NO USAR "THE" CON INDEFINIDOS

43

UN SUSTANTIVO ES 'INDEFINIDO' CUANDO SE INTRODUCE POR PRIMERA VEZ EN LA ORACIÓN

NO USAR "THE" CON INDEFINIDOS

44

INDEFINIDO EN PLURAL

NO USAR "THE"
ARE YOU SURE DIAMONDS ARE EXPENSIVE?

45

INDEFINIDO NO CONTABLE

NO USAR "THE"
ARE YOU SURE DIAMONDS CAN BE MADE FROM GARBAGE?

46

PARA INDEFINIDO SINGULAR NO CONTABLE

USAR "A"/"AN".
YOU GET A DIAMOND IF YOU INVEST IN THE COMPANY

47

DEFINIDOS:
CUANDO SE HABLA DE ALGO ESPECÍFICO

O CUANDO SE MENCIONA POR SEGUNDA VEZ DENTRO DE UN PÁRRAFO

48

You get a diamond made from garbage?
Sounds like THE DIAMOND is a fake

Se habló por segunda vez del diamante

49

THE GARBAGE THEY USE TO MAKE THE DIAMONDS IS BURNED FIRST

JUNTOS SON DEFINIDOS. PERO DEPENDE DEL SENTIDO QUE TENGA LA ORACIÓN. EN ESTE CASO NO ESTAMOS HABLANDO DE DIAMANTES EN GENERAL SINO DE UNOS QUE CONOCEMOS

50

CUANDO HABLAMOS DE ALGO ÚNICO

THE PRESIDENT
THE ENVIRONMENT

51

PARA HABLAR DE ALGO GENÉRICO

DIAMONDS ARE
THE DIAMOND IS
A DIAMOND IS

52

MORNING SNOW MAKES HIGHWAYS DANGEROUS

SE REFIERE A LA NIEVE DE LA MAÑANA EN GENERAL

53

I THINK SUPERSTITIONS ARE RIDICULOUS

SE REFIERE A TODAS LAS SUPERSTICIONES

54

THE DIAMOND HE SENT ME IS A FAKE

SE REFIERE A UN DIAMANTE EN PARTICULAR

55

SOME CULTURES REGARD THE SHARK AS A SIGN OF LUCK

REFERS TO SHARKS AS A CLASS OR GROUP

56

THE QUEEN WILL ADDRESS PARLIAMENT THIS WEEK

SE REFIERE A UNA REINA ESPECÍFICA

57

A QUEEN CAN ADRESS PARLIAMENT

SE REFIERE A CUALQUIER REINA

58

QUEENS CAN ADRESS PARLIAMENT

SE REFIERE A TODAS LAS REINAS

59

TO REGARD

CONSIDERAR

60

WITH REGARD TO

CON RESPECTO A

61

REGARD

RESPECTO

62

Type a, an, or the. If no article is necessary, type x.

A British Company claims to have invented _____ machine that allows _____ people to talk with their pets. _____ machine, will be available soon

A
X
THE

63

Type a, an, or the. If no article is necessary, type x.

It's well known that _____ carrots are a good source of _____ vitamins. Research has determined that drinking _____ glass of Nutri Carrot juice can add _____ years to your life.

X
X
A
X

64

Type a, an, or the. If no article is necessary, type x.

The WA diet plan promises to help you lose _____ weight fast. The company guarantees that people following _____ diet plan can lose 10 kg

X
THE

65

Type a, an, or the. If no article is necessary, type x.

Last week, the news reported that thousands of people had sent _____ money to _____ organization advertising a shampoo that _____ organization claimed would grow _____ hair overnight

X
AN
THE
X

66

Type a, an, or the. If no article is necessary, type x.

Our Intelllihat is guaranteed to make you smarter. Special mirrors on _____ hat use the power of _____ sun to increase brain activity

THE
THE

67

Corrija

A lucky charm is the object that some people carry because they think it will bring good luck.

A lucky charm is AN object that some people carry because they think it will bring good luck.

68

My lucky charm is a rabbit's foot that I received as gift on my birthday

My lucky charm is a rabbit's foot that I received as A gift on my birthday

69

I don't really know if it has ever brought me a good luck, but I always carry it in my pocket

I don't really know if it has ever brought me X good luck, but I always carry it in my pocket

70

Since medieval times, the rabbit's feet have been said to bring a good fortune because people believed that some bad persons were capable of turning into rabbits or hares when they were being chased.

Since medieval times, X (Plural feet) rabbit's feet have been said to bring X good fortune because people believed that some bad persons were capable of turning into rabbits or hares when they were being chased.

71

Both rabbit and hare are very fast animals, so bad persons stood a good chance of escaping if they turned into one of them.

Both THE rabbit and THE hare are very fast animals, so bad persons stood a good chance of escaping if they turned into one of them. (Se están mencionando por egunda vez, lo cual los convierte en específicos).

72

Since then, the people have believed that carrying a rabbit's foot will protect them.

Since then, X people have believed that carrying a rabbit's foot will protect them. (Plural)

73

The homes are expensive these days, but Peter got lucky and bought small house last week

X homes are expensive these days, but Peter got lucky and bought A small house last week.

74

House has two bedrooms and one bathroom. It also has large kitchen and the living room.

THE (Ya se había mencionado en el párrafo anterior) House has two bedrooms and one bathroom. It also has A large kitchen and A living room (Singular y no se había mencionado antes).

75

Peter will use a living room as his home office. Bedrooms are in bad condition, and Peter will need a help painting them.

Peter will use THE (Ya se había mencionado antes) living room as his home office. THE (Ya se había mencionado antes) Bedrooms are in A bad condition, and Peter will need X help painting them.

76

Then he wants to have the party so his friends can admire a house. Later Peter will buy a furniture when he saves some money.

Then he wants to have A party so his friends can admire THE house. Later Peter will buy X furniture when he saves some money.

77

WOULD YOU MIND TURNING DOWN THE MUSIC?

TE IMPORTARÍA BAJARLE A LA MÚSICA?

78

COULD YOU PLEASE TURN DOWN THE MUSIC?

PODRÍA POR FAVOR, BAJARLE A LA MÚSICA?

79

WOULD YOU MIND HELPING ME WITH MY BAGS?

TE IMPORTARÍA AYUDARME CON MIS MALETAS?

80

COULD YOU PLEASE HELP ME WITH MY BAGS

PODRÍA POR FAVOR, AYUDARME CON MIS MALETAS?

81

WOULD YOU MIND POINTING ME IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION?

TE IMPORTARÍA DIRIGIRME EN LA DIRECCIÓN CORRECTA?

82

COULD YOU PLEAS POINT ME IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION?

PODRÍA POR FAVOR, DIRIGIRME EN LA DIRECCIÓN CORRECTA?

83

WOULD YOU MIND HOLDING MY PLACE IN LINE?

TE IMPORTARÍA GUARDAR MI LUGAR EN LA FILA?

84

COULD YOU PLEASE HOLD MY PLACE IN LINE?

PODRÍA POR FAVOR, GUARDAR MI LUGAR EN LA FILA?

85

WOULD YOU MIND MOVING THAT BAG FROM THE SEAT?

TE IMPORTARÍA MOVER ESA MALETA DE LA SILLA

86

COULD YOU PLEASE MOVE THAT BAG FROM THE SEAT?

PODRÍA POR FAVOR, MOVER ESA MALETA DE LA SILLA

87

WOULD YOU MIND KEEPING AN EYE ON MY BAGS?

TE IMPORTARÍA ECHARLE UN OJO A MIS MALETAS?

88

COULD YOU PLEASE KEEP AN EYE ON MY BAGS?

PODRÍA POR FAVOR, ECHARLE UN OJO A MIS MALETAS?

89

IF PRESENT

FUTURO

90

IF PAST

WOULD
MIGHT

91

IF PAST PERFECT

WOULD
MIGHT
COULD

92

Lindsey: "Thank goodness I ate breakfast before we got to the bus station. There's nothing good to eat here."

Lindsey _____ (BE) hungry now if she _____ (EAT) breakfast before getting to the bus station.

WOULD BE
HADN'T EAT

93

WOULD HAVE

TENDRÍA

94

WOULD HAVE HAD

HUBIERA TENIDO

95

Gina: "The flight was overbooked, and they asked volunteers to give up their seats. So I volunteered, and I got a free ticket to fly round trip anywhere in the country."

If Gina _____ (give up ) her seat, she wouldn't _____ (have ) a free ticket now.

hadn't given up

wouldn't have

96

Nicole: "It's a good thing I made our hotel reservation weeks ago. Now it's impossible to find rooms."

Nicole _____ (be able to ) find a room if she _____ (make ) the hotel reservations already.

wouldn't be able to

hadn't made

97

Bill: "Too bad Tricia didn't pack a few essentials in her carry-on. Now she doesn't even have a toothbrush while the airline finds her bag."

Tricia _____ (have ) her essentials if she _____ (pack ) them in her carry-on.

would have

had packed

98

REESCRIBA CON CONDICIONAL
I didn't check the time of the train. We missed it.

If I had checked the time of the train, we might not have missed it

99

REESCRIBA CON CONDICIONAL
Jane went to the front of the security line because she's a flight attendant.

Jane wouldn't have gone to the front of the security line if she weren't a flight attendant

100

REESCRIBA CON CONDICIONAL
My passport got stolen, so I have to go to the embassy tomorrow.

If my passport hadn't gotten stolen, I wouldn't have to go to the embassy tomorrow

If my passport hadn't got stolen, I wouldn't have to go to the embassy tomorrow

101

REESCRIBA CON CONDICIONAL
She always worries about money. She doesn't enjoy her vacations.

If she didn't always worry about money, she would enjoy her vacations
If she didn't always worry about money, she could enjoy her vacations
SEGUNDO CASO. IF PAST

102

REESCRIBA CON CONDICIONAL
I don't have anything to read on the plane because I put my book in my checked luggage.

I would have something to read on the plane if I hadn't put my book in my checked luggage

103

REESCRIBA CON CONDICIONAL
My brother decided to fly to Rio de Janeiro last week because he got a free ticket.

My brother wouldn't have flown to Rio de Janeiro last week if he hadn't gotten a free ticket

104

If I didn't study

Si yo no estudiara

105

If I didn't work

Si yo no trabajara

106

If she didn't worry

Si ella no se preocupara

107

wouldn't have to

no tendría que

108

If she had bought the tickets earlier

she wouldn't be paying so much money NOW.