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04 SUMMIT 2 > GRAMMAR 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in GRAMMAR 5 Deck (52):
1

1. WHEN (Acción Principal en pasado simple) + Acción secundaria con .....

Simple Past. (painted) Cuando la acción secundaria se ejecuta al tiempo o un instante después de la acción principal. Cuando llegó, yo pinté

2

2. WHEN (Acción Principal en pasado simple) + Acción secundaria con .....

PASADO PERFECTO (had painted). Cuando la acción secundaria ocurrió antes de la acción principal. Cuando llegó, yo ya había pintado

3

3. WHEN (Acción Principal en pasado simple) + Acción secundaria con .....

PASADO CONTINUO (was painting). Cuando la acción secundaria ocurre al mismo tiempo de la acción principal. Cuando llegó, yo estaba pintando

4

4. WHEN (Acción Principal en pasado simple) + Acción secundaria con .....

PASADO PERFECTO CONTINUO (had been painting). Cuando la acción secundaria ocurrió antes de la acción principal, pero continuadamente. Cuando llegó, yo ya había estado pintando.

5

Primero llegaron, después envié el mensaje

When they arrived, I sent the message

6

Cuando llegaron, yo ya había enviado el mensaje

When they arrived, I had already sent the message

7

Cuando llegaron, yo estaba enviando el mensaje

When they arrived, I was sending the message

8

Cuando llegaron, yo había estado tratando de enviar el mensaje DURANTE UNA HORA (Me indica continuidad, durante todo ese tiempo etuve ejecutando la acción)

When they arrived, I had been trying to send the message for an hour.

9

CORRIJA EL ERROR:
Florence has been walking for several hours before she realized that her wallet was missing.

Florence had been walking for several hours before she realized that her wallet was missing

10

CORRIJA EL ERROR:
Eleanor's neighbor was here at noon and had left some flowers for her.

Eleanor's neighbor was here at noon and left some flowers for her

11

CORRIJA EL ERROR:
"I have seen that movie last year, and I thought it was great", Frank exclaimed.

"I saw that movie last year, and I thought it was great", Frank exclaimed.

12

CORRIJA EL ERROR:
When the power went off, I read an article in this morning's paper.

When the power went off, I was reading an article in this morning's paper

13

CORRIJA EL ERROR:
Before this morning, I never took a yoga class

Before this morning, I had never taken a yoga class

Before this morning, I'd never taken a yoga class

14

CORRIJA EL ERROR:
I am going to travel to Venice this summer, but I couldn't take time off from work

I was going to travel to Venice this summer, but I couldn't take time off from work

I was going to travel to Venice this summer, but I could not take time off from work
.

15

CORRIJA EL ERROR:
He was working on the problem all morning when he finally found the solution.

He had been working on the problem all morning when he finally found the solution

He'd been working on the problem all morning when he finally found the solution
.

16

SINCE

DESDE

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THEREFORE

POR LO TANTO

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CUANDO UNA COSA CAUSA OTRA COSA,

CUANDO UNA COSA ES EL RESULTADO DE OTRA COSA

SINCE, THEREFORE

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EVEN

AÚN, HASTA

20

EVEN THOUGH

AUNQUE, A PESAR DE QUE

21

HOWEVER

SIN EMBARGO

22

NEVERTHELESS

SIN EMBARGO

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NONETHELESS

SIN EMBARGO

24

CUANDO UNA COSA CONTRASTA CON OTRA

EVEN, EVEN THOUGH, ALTHOUGH, HOWEVER, NEVERTHELESS, NONETHELESS

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UNLESS

A MENOS QUE

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OTHERWISE

DE LO CONTRARIO, EN CASO CONTRARIO

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UNA COSA OCURRIRÁ, SÓLO SI UNA CONDICIÓN ESPECÍFICA EXISTE O PASA

UNLESS, OTHERWISE

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AS LONG AS

SIEMPRE QUE, EN LA MEDIDA QUE

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PROVIDED THAT

SIEMPRE Y CUANDO

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UNA COSA ES CONDICIÓN PARA OTRA COSA

AS LONG AS, PROVIDED THAT, IF, ONLY IF

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EVEN IF

AUN SI

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CUANDO LA CONDICIÓN NO IMPORTA

EVEN IF

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(ALTHOUGH / AS LONG AS / BESIDES) she drank coffee for over 20 years, my mother has recently switched to green tea.

ALTHOUGH

34

The amount of trash produced in this country has dropped. (OTHERWISE / STILL / IN FACT), there are people who throw away things like glass, paper, and aluminum that could be recycled.

STILL

35

In my opinion, the high price of those concert tickets is worth it. (THAT IS / NOW THAT / SIMILARLY), I'd pay $100 to go if tickets were still available.

THAT IS

36

The best ways to lose weight are through a nutritious diet and exercise. (NONETHELESS / WHEREAS / UNLESS) you change your eating and exercise habits, you'll never get results.

UNLESS

37

Donald Frank is an excellent candidate for the job because of his education. (WHILE / MOREOVER / AS A RESULT) , he has professional experience in the field.

MOREOVER

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Georgia King is very generous with her time. (FOR INSTANCE / CONSEQUENTLY / FURTHERMORE), last week she volunteered 30 hours at the public library.

FOR INSTANCE

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LIKEWISE

ASÍ MISMO, DEL MISMO MODO

40

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

Charlie did poorly at school but was successful in life. XXXXXXX his son James was never a good student but started a very profitable business.

LIKEWISE (COMO ESO, DE LA MISMA MANERA)

41

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

XXXXX we're tested on this information or not, we should still study it. It could be very useful later on.

WHETHER (IF)

42

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

People were stressed out for a while. XXXXXX a decision has been made, everyone is feeling relieved.

NOW THAT (AHORA QUE, BUENO)

43

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

Clark College appeals to a lot of non-traditional students. XXXXXXX night and weekend classes, the school offers several online courses, which allows people to continue to work while they study.

BESIDES (ADEMÁS)

44

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

XXXXXXX Jean Hicks continues at her current pace, she'll easily win the race.

AS LONG AS (MIENTRAS, EN LA MEDIDA QUE)

45

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

Lauren Cook has the best sales record in the company. XXXXXXX, she's the company's most valuable salesperson.

IN OTHER WORDS

46

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

The department head wanted to show his appreciation for the employees' efforts, XXXXXXX he took the entire group out to lunch.

SO

47

Complete con: AS LONG AS; besides; IN OTHER WORDS; likewise; NONETHELESS; now that; SO; whether

Bob Alderson really dislikes public speaking. XXXXXXX, he does it frequently for his job.

Nonetheless (SIN EMBARGO)

48

The ability to think logically is essential for making plans; (WHILE / IN CONTRAST), the ability to think creatively is important for brainstorming new ideas.

IN CONTRAST

49

(ALTHOUGH / DESPITE THAT) Nicole has been under a lot of pressure lately, she still manages to stay calm and pleasant.

ALTHOUGH

50

Salespeople need to know the products very well; (FURTHERMORE / IN ADITTION TO), they need to have strong interpersonal skills.

FURTHERMORE

51

We have to stay focused on the roots of the problem; (UNLESS / OTHERWISE) , we can't come up with effective solutions.

OTHERWISE

52

(NOW THAT / AS A RESULT) Charlie realized that he is mechanically inclined, Charlie wants to become a mechanical engineer.

NOW THAT