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Flashcards in Grammar Deck (38)
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Common nouns, give an example

Single - cat, boy
Plural - cats, boys

1

Proper nouns, define, give an example

Identify specific people
George - always capitalize

2

Possessive nouns

Nouns that show ownership
Single- cat's toy (one toy belonging to the cat)
Plural - cats' toy (one toy belonging to more than one cat)

3

Collective nouns

Used to name a group, ex: class
Single - the class is taking a trip
Plural - the classes are taking a trip

4

Pronouns

Stand in The place of nouns
He, she, we, it, they

5

Verbs

Show action, need to have a verb to be considered a sentence

6

Adjectives

Used to describe or modify a noun or pronoun
Usually comes before the noun/pronoun

7

Adverbs

Modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs
(Many adverbs end with -ly)

8

Prepositions

Link nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence by describing some kind of relationship (location, time, logic)
Ex: I left my cd case IN the trunk OF the car

9

Subject

Shows what's performing the action in the sentence

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Predicate

Shows the action the subject is performing

11

Direct object

Shows who or what receives the action in the sentence

12

Indirect object

Shows to whom or for what the action is preformed

13

Clause

A group of words that has a subject and a verb

14

Phrase

A group of words that doesn't have a subject and a verb, but acts as a unit

15

Comma

Separates sentence structure to make them more manageable to read, separates two independent clauses

16

Semi-colon

Connects two related independent clauses

17

Colon

Joining two independent clauses and you want to emphasize the second of the two

18

First person

The speaker of the sentence is the subject
I see the light

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Second person

The speaker is addressing someone specific (you)
You see the light

20

Third person

The speaker is detached from the subject (he/she/it)
He sees the light

21

Coordinating conjunction

Links grammatically similar parts of a sentence like 2 independent clauses
And, but, or, not, for, yet, so

22

Fragment

A dependent clause that stands alone

23

Accept/except

Accept - take something
Except - exclude something

24

Affect/effect

Affect - stir up emotion, verb
Effect - refers to a result, noun

25

Allude/elude

Allude - reference something
Elude - try to avoid or get away

26

Alright/ all right

Alright - informal version of all right
All right - formal use of language

27

Complement/compliment

Complement- to go with something
Compliment - say something nice to someone

28

Elicit/illicit

Elicit - to cause or generate
Illicit - describes something illegal

29

Farther/further

Farther - discussing distance
Further - to progress