Flashcards in Grammar Final Deck (53):
List the two types of clauses.
What are the three ways that a dependent clause can be used?
A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and what other major job of a noun?
object of the preposition
Which verbal can act as an adjective, adverb, or noun?
What two parts of speech can a prepositional phrase act as?
Which verbal always ends in -ing?
Which verbal always acts as an adjective?
List the three types of clue words that can begin dependent clauses.
3. subordinating conjunction
Verbs agree with the subject in number. What two words deal with the number of the subject and verb?
singular & plural
If two subjects are joined by "either or" how do you know what the number of the subject is?
look at the subject closest to the verb
What troublesome pronouns are always singular?
each, either, neither, endings "one" & "body"
What troublesome pronouns are always plural?
both, few, several, many
What troublesome pronouns can be either singular or plural in number?
some, any, none, all, most
one independent clause
A pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number. What other way does a pronoun have to agree with its antecedent?
Besides fractions, how do you tell if an amount is singular or plural?
see if it's being used collectively as a unit or not
two/more independent clauses
A compound subject joined by and is always plural unless what?
unless the subject is acting as a unit
What are the three cases of pronouns called?
one independent clause and one/more dependent clauses
Which pronoun case would the indirect object be in?
Which pronoun case would the appositive that is renaming the subject be in?
two/more independent clauses and one/more dependent clauses
List the two parts of speech that a possessive pronoun can act as.
What two clue words begin an incomplete clause?
What letter of the alphabet is associated with the objective case?
The word "she" is in what case?
The word "his" is in what case?
What are the nominative case pronouns?
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they, who, whoever
What are the objective case pronouns?
me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them, whom, whomever
What are the possessive case pronouns?
my, mine, your, yours, her, hers, our, ours, their, theirs, its, his
What jobs are associated with the nominative case?
What jobs are associated with the objective case?
DO, IO, OP
When the subject is a fraction how do you know whether the verb is singular or plural?
look at the OP
What conjunction verbs are always singular?
doesn't, isn't, wasn't
What are adverb clauses introduced by?
who, whom, which, that, whose, when, where
What conjunction verbs are always plural?
don't, aren't, weren't
What are noun clauses introduced by?
after, although, as, as if, as much as, as long as, as soon as, because, before, if, in order that, lest, since, so that, than, that, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, whether, while
that, whether, if, who, whom, whose, which, what, when, where, why, how, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever
What are adjective clauses introduced by?
a noun that renames a noun before it/ to the left of it
a group of related words with no subject and verb
What are the three types of verbals?
verbal that always ends in -ing
What parts of speech can a participial act as?
What do participials end in?
ing, ed, en, t, d
What jobs can a gerund act as?
DO, IO, PN, OP, App
What part of speech can a gerund act as?
What parts of speech can infinitives act as?
noun, adjective, adverb
What jobs can an infinitive acting as a noun act as?
subject, DO, IO, PN, OP, App