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Flashcards in Grammar Final Deck (53):
1

List the two types of clauses.

dependent
independent

2

What are the three ways that a dependent clause can be used?

1. adjective
2. adverb
3. noun

3

A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and what other major job of a noun?

object of the preposition

4

Which verbal can act as an adjective, adverb, or noun?

infinitive

5

What two parts of speech can a prepositional phrase act as?

adjective
adverb

6

Which verbal always ends in -ing?

gerund

7

Which verbal always acts as an adjective?

participial

8

List the three types of clue words that can begin dependent clauses.

1. signal
2. relative
3. subordinating conjunction

9

Verbs agree with the subject in number. What two words deal with the number of the subject and verb?

singular & plural

10

If two subjects are joined by "either or" how do you know what the number of the subject is?

look at the subject closest to the verb

11

What troublesome pronouns are always singular?

each, either, neither, endings "one" & "body"

12

What troublesome pronouns are always plural?

both, few, several, many

13

What troublesome pronouns can be either singular or plural in number?

some, any, none, all, most

14

one independent clause

simple sentence

15

A pronoun agrees with its antecedent in number. What other way does a pronoun have to agree with its antecedent?

gender

16

Besides fractions, how do you tell if an amount is singular or plural?

see if it's being used collectively as a unit or not

17

two/more independent clauses

compound sentence

18

A compound subject joined by and is always plural unless what?

unless the subject is acting as a unit

19

What are the three cases of pronouns called?

1. nominative
2. objective
3. possessive

20

one independent clause and one/more dependent clauses

complex sentence

21

Which pronoun case would the indirect object be in?

objective

22

Which pronoun case would the appositive that is renaming the subject be in?

nominative

23

two/more independent clauses and one/more dependent clauses

compound-complex sentence

24

List the two parts of speech that a possessive pronoun can act as.

1. adjective
2. pronoun

25

What two clue words begin an incomplete clause?

than, as

26

What letter of the alphabet is associated with the objective case?

m

27

The word "she" is in what case?

nominative

28

The word "his" is in what case?

possessive

29

What are the nominative case pronouns?

I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they, who, whoever

30

What are the objective case pronouns?

me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them, whom, whomever

31

What are the possessive case pronouns?

my, mine, your, yours, her, hers, our, ours, their, theirs, its, his

32

What jobs are associated with the nominative case?

predicate nominative,
subject

33

What jobs are associated with the objective case?

DO, IO, OP

34

When the subject is a fraction how do you know whether the verb is singular or plural?

look at the OP

35

What conjunction verbs are always singular?

doesn't, isn't, wasn't

36

What are adverb clauses introduced by?

subordinating conjunctions

37

who, whom, which, that, whose, when, where

relatives

38

What conjunction verbs are always plural?

don't, aren't, weren't

39

What are noun clauses introduced by?

signal words

40

after, although, as, as if, as much as, as long as, as soon as, because, before, if, in order that, lest, since, so that, than, that, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, whether, while

subordinating conjunctions

41

that, whether, if, who, whom, whose, which, what, when, where, why, how, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever

signal words

42

What are adjective clauses introduced by?

relatives

43

a noun that renames a noun before it/ to the left of it

appositive

44

a group of related words with no subject and verb

phrase

45

What are the three types of verbals?

1. gerund
2. participial
3. infinitive

46

verbal that always ends in -ing

gerund

47

What parts of speech can a participial act as?

adjective

48

What do participials end in?

ing, ed, en, t, d

49

What jobs can a gerund act as?

DO, IO, PN, OP, App

50

What part of speech can a gerund act as?

noun

51

What parts of speech can infinitives act as?

noun, adjective, adverb

52

What jobs can an infinitive acting as a noun act as?

subject, DO, IO, PN, OP, App

53

a group of related words that have a subject and a verb

clause