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Flashcards in Midterm (Literature) Deck (107):
1

1st king of Uruk (T1)

Nimrod

2

god of earth (T1)

Enlil

3

has a dream about the afterlife (T1)

Enkidu

4

sun god (T1)

Shamash

5

was deceived by a serpent (T1)

Eve

6

god of waters (T1)

Ea

7

friend of Gilgamesh (T1)

Enkidu

8

married Xerxes the first (Ahasuerus) and became empress of Persia (T1)

Esther

9

gave all of the animals their names (T1)

Adam

10

sky god or god of the firmament (T1)

Anu

11

giant who was the watcher of the cedar forest (T1)

Humbaba

12

the goddess of love (T1)

Ishtar

13

built a boat after hearing information standing beside a reed fence (T1)

Utnapishtim

14

ferryman (T1)

Urshanabi

15

5th king of Uruk (T1)

Gilgamesh

16

goddess who created humans (T1)

Aruru

17

told Gilgamesh the story of the flood (T1)

Utnapishtim

18

Whose capital was Ninevah? (T1)

Assyrians

19

Whose writing system was first called cuneiform? (T1)

Sumerians

20

Who were called the Amorites and founded the city of Babel? (T1)

Babylonians

21

Whose descendants lived in Egypt after famine swept through the land and were later enslaved by the Egyptians? (T1)

Hebrews

22

What does Mesopotamia mean? (T1)

land between two rivers

23

List the three sons of Noah and his wife. (T1)

Shem, Ham & Japheth

24

What were the Sumerians known for doing or using first? (T1)

writing system- Cuneiform
number system based on 60 (time)
first city-states
first wheeled vehicles

25

What are the first five books of the Old Testament called according to the Hebrews? (T1)

the Torah

26

List three religions that the Jewish beliefs founded. (T1)

Judaism (Old Testament)
Islam (Quran)
Christianity (New Testament & Old Testament)

27

What was created on Day 1? (T1)

light,
separation of light & darkness,
day & night

28

What was created on Day 2? (T1)

water on earth & the firmament
water on earth & water in the sky separated

29

What was created on Day 3? (T1)

dry land,
separated land from water which creates seas,
plants, trees, flowers, vegetation (to breathe)

30

What was created on Day 4? (T1)

Sun, moon & stars (the universe),
this creates Time

31

What was created on Day 5? (T1)

sea creatures & air creatures

32

What was created on Day 6? (T1)

animals on land 1st
then man

33

What happens on Day 7? (T1)

Gods rests & makes it a holy day (to show man what to do: work then rest)

34

What two things do Gilgamesh and Enkidu kill that causes the gods to become angry and punish Enkidu? (T1)

Humbaba
the Bull of Heaven

35

What two things was Gilgamesh known for building in Uruk? (T1)

the outer walls
the temple

36

List two similar things between the Biblical flood story and the Epic of Gilgamesh flood story (not the flood, boat, or Noah person). (T1)

both brought other people on the boat with them
both brought animals on the boat

37

What did Shamash send to help Gilgamesh defeat Humbaba? (T1)

the 8 winds

38

What was the symbol between God and Noah that God would never again destroy the earth with a flood? (T1)

the rainbow

39

Whose kings included Darius the 1st and Artaxerxes? (T1)

Persians

40

What people group conquered the Mesopotamian area around 1100 BC and assimilated the culture into their own? (T1)

Assyrians

41

What people group assimilated the Sumerian culture into their own around 1790 BC with the reign of Hammurabi? (T1)

a

42

Who are Semitic people who migrated to Canaan? (T1)

Hebrews

43

What people group was the Epic of Gilgamesh ORIGINALLY about? (T1)

Sumerians

44

What people group captured Israel and then let them return to their homeland? (T1)

Persians

45

the priest of Apollo (T2)

Chryses

46

the wife of Hector (T2)

Andromache

47

the gods at first wanted him to go and steal Hector's body (T2)

Hermes

48

original husband of Helen (T2)

Menelaus

49

goddess of love and beauty (T2)

Aphrodite

50

Hector's son (T2)

Scamandrius

51

guided King Priam through the Greek ships to see Achilles (T2)

Hermes

52

asked Achilles to protect him (T2)

Calchus

53

gray eyed (T2)

Athena

54

had 50 sons who were killed in the war (T2)

Priam

55

Achilles' prize (T2)

Briseis

56

the earth goddess or mother earth (T2)

Gaea

57

was working at her loom and did not know that her husband had been killed (T2)

Andromache

58

the archer god (T2)

Apollo

59

most beautiful woman in the world (T2)

Helen

60

his title is Astyanax (T2)

Scamandrius

61

the god or goddess who protected Hector's body from being mutilated (T2)

Apollo

62

known for their defeat of Troy around 1250 BC (T2)

Mycenaeans

63

helped Hector run from Achilles (T2)

Apollo

64

invaded Greece around 1100 BC (T2)

Dorians

65

writer of the Iliad and The Odyssey (T2)

Homer

66

asked Zeus to bless his son and make his son a better man than he was (T2)

Hector

67

lived on the island of Crete (T2)

Minoans

68

white armed goddess (T2)

Hera

69

polis (T2)

city-state

70

Achilles' best friend (T2)

Patrochlus

71

traded with the Greeks after 800 BC (T2)

Phoenicians

72

gave Achilles his spear back after he threw it at Hector and missed (T2)

Athena

73

also called the swift runner (T2)

Achilles

74

Athens and Sparta (T2)

city-states

75

goddess of wisdom and war (T2)

Athena

76

Greeks used the written signs of these people to establish their alphabet (T2)

Phoenicians

77

sea goddess and mother of Achilles (T2)

Thetis

78

turned into Deiphobus and told Hector to stop running from Achilles so that they could fight him together (T2)

Athena

79

the Greek commander that tried to get Achilles and Agamemnon to call a truce (T2)

Nestor

80

Who were the three women who spoke over Hector's dead body? (T2)

Andromache, Helen & Hequba

81

Who was the breaker of horses? (T2)

Hector

82

How many days did Achilles give King Priam to do the funeral rituals for Hector? (T2)

eleven

83

List two things that were different in the Biblical flood story and the Epic of Gilgamesh flood story. (T1)

1) Utnaptishtim brought his family, extended family, and workers. Noah brought his wife, three sons, and their wives.
2) Utnaptishtim's boat was square, but Noah's boat was longer than it was wide.

84

What was the name of the festival that was held in honor of Zeus? (T2)

the Olympics

85

The Iliad takes place during what part of the Trojan war? (T2)

the last 2 months

86

How many Greek ships were sent to fight Troy? (T2)

1,000

87

How long did the Greek and Trojan War last? (T2)

10 years (according to legend)

88

What did Calculus say that the Greeks have to do to appease Apollo's anger? (T2)

give Chryseis back
don't take a ransom
offer a sacrifice to Apollo

89

What are the other three names used for the Greeks? (T2)

Achaeans
Argives
Danaans

90

What does the title Astyanax mean? (T2)

Lord of the city

91

What did Priam do when he came to see Achilles? (T2)

kissed Achilles' hand
kneeled

92

long narrative poem

epic

93

What are the two types of epics?

folk
literary

94

epic that is recited or sung for entertainment and passed down orally

folk epic

95

epic that is written (by a specific author)

literary epic

96

What makes up an epic hero?

brave, strong, loyal & virtuous
has a flaw
usually a higher class person/ king/ semi-divine

97

proves the hero's strength, bravery, wisdom & virtue

epic conflict

98

the long journey or quest a hero takes in search of something of value

a heroic quest

99

when the hero receives help from one of the gods
some of the gods may also work against the hero

divine intervention

100

___ is when the speaker/ author asks the gods (especially the ___) to help him tell the story.

Invocation of the Muse
Muse

101

How many Muses are there?

9

102

the speaker sets the poem up by allowing the reader/ listener to know the major theme of the poem

opening statement of theme

103

the poem starts with the action and the speaker uses flashbacks to tell of earlier incidents

In Medias Res

104

In Medias Res is a ___ word meaning "___".

Latin
"in the middle of things"

105

the speaker uses lofty & elevated language to tell the story

serious tone

106

elaborate extended comparisons using "like" or "as" to help the reader understand or imagine the action

epic similies

107

stock descriptive words or phrases; used instead of a person's name

epithets