Flashcards in Literature Final Deck (72):
known for its culture and democracy
city that held the most famous oracle
set up the first Academy
the war between Athens and Sparta was called this war
was known for its discipline and fighting ability
was known as the father of history
added the deus ex machine to drama
was known as the father of drama
went around asking people questions; his process is the basis for the scientific method
Why did Creon say that Zeus helped the city of Thebes to defeat Polynices?
Zeus hates boasting and Argos boasted
List the three people the chorus compared to Antigone when she was being sent to be buried alive.
Who was the founder of Thebes?
What examples did Haemon use when talking to his father about what happens to people when they are stubborn and do not give in?
1. A tree will snap and break if it doesn't give in to the wind.
2. A ship will capsize if the sails are too tight.
How did Tiresias know that the gods were mad?
The sacrifice was not on fire.
The fat was sizzling and the bladder exploded.
There were birds screeching, trying to kill each other.
"Remember we are women, / we're not born to content with men. / Then too, / we're underlings, ruled by much stronger hands, / so we must submit in this, and things still worse."
"I have longer / to please the dead than please the living here: / in the kingdom down below I'll lie forever."
"The ship of state is safe... Only while she voyages true on course / can we establish friendships... / Such are my standards."
"No one wants the man who brings bad news."
"These laws- I was not about to break them, / not out of fear of some man's wounded pride, / and face the retribution of the gods."
"Even too much silence has its dangers."
"While I'm alive, / no woman is going to lord it over me."
"It's best to keep the established laws / to the very day we die."
"You chose to live, I chose to die."
"But all too often / the mere hope of money has ruined many men."
a purification of emotions
altar to Dionysus; and acting stage
a scene or section of the play
character flaw or judgement error
a lengthy speech by one character expressing his thoughts while no other character is on the stage
changing or dressing room
place where the chorus sang and danced
entrance to the orchestra for the chorus
mother of Haemon
brought the news to Creon that the body had been burried
2 people who killed themselves by stabbing
Eurydice & Haemon
originally buried the body of Polynices
was killed by hanging
2 people who fought over ruling the city of Thebes
Eteocles & Polyneices
refused to help bury the body of Polyneices
agreed with both Haemon and Creon's speeches
the blind prophet
Who wrote the Aeneid?
What was his full name?
Publius Vergilius Maro
When and where was Virgil born?
October 15, 70BC
What language was the Aeneid written in?
When, how, and by who was Julius Caesar assassinated?
Ides of March 44BC
Why did Virgil write the Aeneid?
remind Romans who they were,
solidify Caesar Augustus's reign as emperor
What was the Aeneid? Why?
When did Virgil die?
September 21, 19BC
Aphrodite (beauty/ Aeneas mom)
Athena (wisdom, war)
Zeus (chief, sky, air)
Poseidon (sea, horses, earthquakes)
Pallas Athena/ Minerva
Who was the Greek that told the story of the horse?
prophet that was asked to decide who to sacrifice
Who hit the horse?
Priam's daughter who prophesies against horse
Greek that gets in palace walls with axe
Priam's wife, the queen
Which gods and goddesses want Troy to fall?
Juno, Neptune, Minerva (Jupiter allows it)
What signs to leave did Jupiter give Aeneas?
1. tongue of fire on Iulus's head
2. shooting star w/ thunder sound