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Flashcards in Literature Final Deck (72):
1

known for its culture and democracy

Athens

2

city that held the most famous oracle

Delphi

3

set up the first Academy

Plato

4

the war between Athens and Sparta was called this war

Peloponnesian

5

was known for its discipline and fighting ability

Sparta

6

was known as the father of history

Herodotus

7

added the deus ex machine to drama

Sophocles

8

was known as the father of drama

Thespis

9

went around asking people questions; his process is the basis for the scientific method

Socrates

10

Why did Creon say that Zeus helped the city of Thebes to defeat Polynices?

Zeus hates boasting and Argos boasted

11

List the three people the chorus compared to Antigone when she was being sent to be buried alive.

1. Lycurgus
2. Danaë
3. Cleopatra

12

Who was the founder of Thebes?

Cadmus

13

What examples did Haemon use when talking to his father about what happens to people when they are stubborn and do not give in?

1. A tree will snap and break if it doesn't give in to the wind.
2. A ship will capsize if the sails are too tight.

14

How did Tiresias know that the gods were mad?

The sacrifice was not on fire.
The fat was sizzling and the bladder exploded.
There were birds screeching, trying to kill each other.

15

"Remember we are women, / we're not born to content with men. / Then too, / we're underlings, ruled by much stronger hands, / so we must submit in this, and things still worse."

Ismene

16

"I have longer / to please the dead than please the living here: / in the kingdom down below I'll lie forever."

Antigone

17

"The ship of state is safe... Only while she voyages true on course / can we establish friendships... / Such are my standards."

Creon

18

"No one wants the man who brings bad news."

Sentry

19

"These laws- I was not about to break them, / not out of fear of some man's wounded pride, / and face the retribution of the gods."

Antigone

20

"Even too much silence has its dangers."

Messenger

21

"While I'm alive, / no woman is going to lord it over me."

Creon

22

"It's best to keep the established laws / to the very day we die."

Creon

23

"You chose to live, I chose to die."

Antigone

24

"But all too often / the mere hope of money has ruined many men."

Creon

25

a purification of emotions

Catharsis

26

great pride

Hybris

27

altar to Dionysus; and acting stage

Thymele

28

a scene or section of the play

Episode

29

character flaw or judgement error

Hamartia

30

a lengthy speech by one character expressing his thoughts while no other character is on the stage

Soliloquy

31

changing or dressing room

Skene

32

place where the chorus sang and danced

Orchestra

33

entrance to the orchestra for the chorus

Parodos

34

mother of Haemon

Eurydice

35

brought the news to Creon that the body had been burried

Sentry

36

2 people who killed themselves by stabbing

Eurydice & Haemon

37

originally buried the body of Polynices

Antigone

38

was killed by hanging

Antigone

39

2 people who fought over ruling the city of Thebes

Eteocles & Polyneices

40

refused to help bury the body of Polyneices

Ismene

41

agreed with both Haemon and Creon's speeches

Chorus

42

the blind prophet

Tiresias

43

Who wrote the Aeneid?
What was his full name?

Virgil
Publius Vergilius Maro

44

When and where was Virgil born?

October 15, 70BC
Mantua, Italy

45

What language was the Aeneid written in?

Latin

46

When, how, and by who was Julius Caesar assassinated?

Ides of March 44BC
stabbed
senate members

47

Why did Virgil write the Aeneid?

remind Romans who they were,
solidify Caesar Augustus's reign as emperor

48

What was the Aeneid? Why?

propaganda
for peace

49

When did Virgil die?

September 21, 19BC

50

Juno

Hera (marriage)

51

Venus

Aphrodite (beauty/ Aeneas mom)

52

Minerva

Athena (wisdom, war)

53

Jupiter

Zeus (chief, sky, air)

54

Mars

Ares (war)

55

Mercury

Hermes (messenger)

56

Neptune

Poseidon (sea, horses, earthquakes)

57

Ulysses

Odysseus

58

Pallas

Pallas Athena/ Minerva

59

Who was the Greek that told the story of the horse?

Sinon

60

Greeks

Danaans

61

prophet that was asked to decide who to sacrifice

Calcus

62

Who hit the horse?

Laocoön

63

Priam's daughter who prophesies against horse

Cassandra

64

Trojans

Dardanians

65

Greek that gets in palace walls with axe

Pyrrhus

66

Priam's wife, the queen

Hequeba

67

Which gods and goddesses want Troy to fall?

Juno, Neptune, Minerva (Jupiter allows it)

68

Aeneas's father

Anchises

69

Aeneas's wife

Cruesa

70

Aeneas's son

Ascanius

71

What signs to leave did Jupiter give Aeneas?

1. tongue of fire on Iulus's head
2. shooting star w/ thunder sound

72

Who sent Cruesa's ghost to tell Aeneas to leave?

Venus