Gravetter And Forzano Flashcards Preview

Reflections On Academic Discourse > Gravetter And Forzano > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gravetter And Forzano Deck (13):
1

Define method of tenacity

Information is accepted as true because it has always been believed or because superstition supports it.

2

Define method of intuition

Information is accepted on the basis of a hunch or gut feeling.

3

Define method of authority

A person relies on information or answers from an expert in a subject area.

4

Define method of faith

People have unquestioning trust in the authority figure and accept information without doubt or challenge. It is a variant of the method of authority.

5

Define rational method, or rationalism

Seeking answers using logical reasoning.

6

Define premise statement

A statement that describes facts or assumptions that are presumed to be true.

7

Define empirical method, or empiricism

Using observation or direct sensory experience to obtain knowledge.

8

Define scientific method

An approach to acquiring knowledge that involves formulating specific questions and then systematically finding answers.

9

Define induction, or inductive reasoning

Using a relatively small set of specific observations as the basis for forming a general statement about a larger set of observations.

10

Define deduction, or deductive reasoning

Using a general statement as the basis for reaching a conclusion about specific examples.

11

Define testable (as in testable hypothesis)

A hypothesis is testable if all variables, events, and individuals are real, and can be defined and observed.

12

Define refutable (as in refutable hypothesis)

A hypothesis is refutable if it can be demonstrated as false.

13

Difference between participants and subjects in a study

Participants are human, subjects are nonhuman.