Greece, Hungary and Eastern Europe Flashcards Preview

Random Old Questions > Greece, Hungary and Eastern Europe > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greece, Hungary and Eastern Europe Deck (112):
1

What are two ‘traditional appellations’ of Greece, and what level of designation do they carry?

Retsina and Verdea; PGI

2

When was Greece’s wine laws enacted?

1969 & 1970

3

How long must a ‘reserve’ white and red be aged In Greece?

White: 1 yr (6 mos. In barrel, 3 mos. In bot)

5

Grand reserve white wine from Greece must be aged for how long?

2 yrs. (1 in barrel, 6 mos. In bot)

7

Grand reserve red wine from Greece must be aged for how long?

4 yrs (18 mos. in barrel and bottle)

8

What is Verdea?

An oxidized wine from the island of Zakynthos, Greece

9

How are PGI wines broken down?

Regional, district, area

10

Cava on a Greek wine label indicates what?

1 yr of aging (6 mos. In oak)for PGI whites and 3 yrs. For reds (1 yr in oak)

11

Palaiomenos se vareli indicates what on a Greek wine label?

That oak has been used in the aging process for Cava, reserve and grand reserve wines

13

Which regions make up the Greek mainland?

Macedonia, Epirus, Pelopennese, Thessalia, Thrace, Central Greece (sterea ellada)

14

What is Malagousia?

An almost extinct varietal now cultivated in Thessaloniki, Northern Macedinia (PGI)

15

What are the PDO’s of Macedonia?

Amynteo, Goumenissa, Naoussa, Slopes of Meliton

16

What is Halkidiki?

Sub region of the slopes of meliton

17

What styles of wine are produced in Kilkis?

Sub region of Goumenissa; dry red only from Xinomavro (20% Negoska)

18

What are the white varietals of Slopes of Meliton?

Athiri, Roditis, Assyrtiko (dry only)

19

List the PDO wines of Thessalia.

Rapsani, Messenikola, Achialos

20

Styles of wine produced in Anchialos.

Dry white from min 80% Rhoditis, + Savvatiano (Thessalia)

22

Varietals and styles for Messenikola.

Dry red only; min. 70% Mavro, + carignan and syrah (PDO of Thessalia)

23

What is produced in Zitsa?

Still, semi sparkling and sparkling dry and sweet wines from Debina (Sub district: Ioannia)

24

Which sub region surrounds Athens?

Attiki (mostly Savvatiano; Roditis)

25

What is Black Laurel?

Name for Mavrodaphne in Patras

26

Isthmus of Corinth is found where?

Pelopennese, Greece

27

Describe the wines of Rapsani.

Dry reds; Xinomavro, Stavroto, Krasato (1/3 each)(subzone: Larissa)

28

Where is Koutsi?

Nemea, Greece

29

What are the PDO dessert wines of Peloponnese?

Muscat of Rio Patras, Muscat of Patras, Mavrodaphne of Patras

32

Define Moschoudi.

Muscat petite grains in Muscat of Patras/Rio Patras

33

Varietals and styles of wine in Monemvassia-Malvasia PDO.

Sweet white from sun dried grapes; 51% Monemvassia + Assyrtiko, Asproudes, Kydonitsa (subreg: Lakonia)

34

Peloponnese PDO’s for dry wines.

Nemea, Mantinia, Patras

35

Styles and varietals for Nemea.

Red Dry to sweet; Agiorgitiko

36

Styles and varietals for Mantinia.

White Dry, still, sparkling; 85% Moschofilero + Asproudes

37

Styles and varietals forPatras OPAP.

White Dry to sweet; Roditis

38

Aging req’s for Mavrodaphne of Patras.

(Red VDN) 1 yr in oak (1kL or less); Reserve 2 in oak, 1 in bot; Grand reserve min 7 yrs in total, 3 in oak, 3 in bot

39

Grand Cru is applied to which vaietals in Peloponnese?

Musct

40

What are the aging req’s for Monemvassia-Malvasia?

Min. 2 yrs oxidative; may be aged for 4 yrs or in multiples of 4 yrs

41

What are the four wine producing islands of the Ionian Islands?

Caphalonia, Kerkyra (corfu), Lefkada, Zakynthos

42

What is the most cultivated grape of Crete?

Vilana

43

Name the PDO’s of Crete based on Vilana.

Sitia, Peza, Candia

44

Which ancient Greek varietal produces and orange hued wine?

Liatiko (Sitia, Dafnes PDO’s)

45

Santorini whites are made from what?

Assyrtiko, With Athiri and Aidani

46

What is Muscat a Petite Grains known as on Samos Is.?

Moscato Aspro

47

What PDO’s occupy Cephalonia?

Robola (dry white), Mavrodaphne of Cephalonia (sweet red), Muscat of Cephalonia (sweet white, sweet white VDN, Grand cru)

49

Styles of wine on Santorini Is.

Dry White, ‘Nychteri’ dry white, Vinsanto

50

Req’s for a Nychteri White from Santorini.

Min 13.5% abv; min. 3 months in oak

51

Where is the Union of Viticultural Cooperatives located?

Samos

52

Where is korinthia and argolida located?

Districts of Nemea

53

What is the white varietal of Paros ?

100% monevassia: PDO/OPAP

54

Name the wines that come from Sitia.

PDO/OPAP: Dry white (70% vilana + thrapsathiri); Dry red (80% liatiko + mandilaria)

56

What are the PDO’s of the Aegean Islands that produce red wines? What are their varietals?

Paros (2/3 mandalaria, 1/3 monemvassia); Rhodes (100% mandalaria)

58

Which two rivers are associated with Tokaji?

Tisza, Bodrog

59

Who is Prince Rakoczy, and what did he accomplish?

First to classify vineyards in Europe (Tokaji); in 1700(1730, 1772) classified 28 villages

60

Which mountain range shelters Tokaj?

Carpathian Mnts.

61

What are the soils types of Tokaj?

Volcanic loess, clay

62

Which vineyrds are known as the great first growths of Tokaji?

Szarvas, Mezes Maly

63

List the 6 grapes of Tokaji production.

Furmint, Harslevelu, Sarga Muskotoly; Zeta, Kabar, Koverszolo

64

What is the volume of a Puttony?

25KG

65

What is the volume of a Gonci?

136L

66

What is the minimum cask aging for Tokaji?

2 yrs.

67

What is the minimum RS level for 5 Puttonyos Tokaji?

120 g/l

68

Minimum R/S level of Naturesszencia.

450 g/l

69

What is the Circle of Mad?

Small group of Tokaj region producers committed to quality dry wine production

70

What are the 3 major geographical zones of Hungary?

N. Hungary, Western region of Transdanubia, Great Southern Plain

71

Which two regions may use Bikaver on the label for their Bulls Blood production?

Eger, Szeksard

72

List the varietals for Bull’s Blood.

Kadarka; Kekfrancos (aka Blaufrankish), Cab Sauv, Merlot, Cab Franc

74

Name 3 regions in Transdanubia.

Eger, Szeksard, Badascony, Balatonfured-Csopak (on L. Balaton), ?{Vilany-Siklos, Sopron}?

75

What is Europe’s largest lake?

Lake Balaton

76

Which Hungarian region is contiguous with Austria’s Burgenland?

Sopron (Kekfrankos)

77

Synonym for Blauer-Portugeiser in Hungary.

Kekporto

78

What is Hungary’s largest wine growing region?

Kunsag (southern great plain)

79

Where is Boyer Estates (aka BlueRidge)?

Bulgaria

80

How are quality wines in Bulgaria designated?

DGO, DGO Controliran

81

What are the 5 main regions Of Bulgaria?

N. Danubian Plain, S. Thracian Lowlands, E. Black Sea Region, W. Strouma Valley, Rose Valley

82

What does Barik indicate on a Bulgarian wine label?

Oak aging in 500l casks or less

83

How long has a Reserve and Special Selection wine from Bulgaria been aged in oak?

Reserve: 1 yr

85

The Kadarka grape, as it is known in Hungary, is known as what in Bulgaria?

Gamza

86

Name 3 native varietals of Bulgaria.

Gamza, Mavrud, Melnik, Pamid

87

What is Rubin?

Syrah x Nebbiolo

88

What are the most planted white grapes in Bulgaria?

Rkatsiteli, Dimiat

89

What are the two most cultiavated varietals in Romania?

Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Ragala (whites)

90

Name 2 indigenous red varietals from Romania.

Feteasca Neagra, Burgun Mare, Babeaca Neagra

91

What year did Romania establish wine law that was congruent with EU laws.

2002

92

What are the two broad catergories of Romanian wine law?

Wines for consumption (table wines); Quality wines

93

Table wines in Romania are broken down how?

VM (vino de Mesa); VMS (vino de mesa superior)

94

How are quality wines broken down in Romania?

VS (quality wine with geographical designation [PGI]); DOC (Denomire de Origine Controlata [PDO])

95

Can hybrids be used for quality wines be used for Quality Wines in Romania?

No

96

Name 5 of the 7 major regions of Romania.

Banat, Hills of Dobroga, Crisana and Maramures, Hills of Moldova, Hills of Mutenia and Oltenia, Transylvania Plateau, Danube Terraces

97

Which Mnt range dominates the center of Romania?

Carpathian Mnts

98

Which geographical feature creates the southern border of Romania?

Danube River

99

Define the following Romanian classifications: DOC-CMB, DOC-CT, DOC-CIB.

DOC-CMB: harvested at full maturity

102

Where specifically is Tarnave DOC?

Transylvania Plateau, Romania

103

Which grapes can be used to produce Cotnari?

Grasa di Cotnari; Feteasca Alba, Francusa, Tamaioasa Romaneasca

104

What Romanian region is Cotnari produced in?

Hills of Moldova

105

Dealu Mare DOC is located whre?

Hills of Multenia and Oltenia

106

Where is Murfatlar DOC?

Hills of Dobrogea

107

Which Romanian regions lie on the Black Sea Coast?

Dobrogea, Danube Terraces

108

3 main regions of Slovenia.

Primorska, Podravje, Posavje

109

Sub-regions of Primorska.

Gorska Brda, Kras, Koper, Vipava

110

Kras & Goriska Brda become which regions in Italy?

Kras = Carso

112

What is Rebula?

Synonym for Ribolla Gialla in Slovenia

113

Where does Mike Grgich make wine in Croatia?

Dignac, Dalmatia

114

What is Tokajska?

The contiguous Tokaji region of Hungary in Slovakia

115

List the wine regions of Slovakia.

Small Carpathian Wine Region, Nitra, Tokaj Wine Region (Tokajska), E. Slovak, S. Slovak, Central Slovak

116

What are the 2 regions of the Czech Republic?

Bohemia, Moravia

117

Each VOC region of the Czech Rep. must adhere to what standards?

Hand harvesting, min. must weight, defined yields and ABV levels (4)

118

List 3 VOC wines of the Czech Rep.

Znojmo, Modre Hory, Mikoluv

119

What are the additional reg’s of VOC Znojmo?

No oak, cork enclosure only

120

Where would you find ‘Quality wines with special attributes’?

Czech Republic

121

Where would you find the regions of Dagestan and Stavropol?

Russia

122

Which Russian wine region sits on the Black Sea coast and holds 50% of Russia’s vineyards?

Krasnodar

123

What are the four major regions of Ukraine?

Crimea, Odessa, Nikolayev-Kherson, Transcarpathian

124

What are the 5 wine regions of Georgia?

Kekheti, Kartli, Imereti, Racha-Lechkumi, Subtropical

125

Where is the Ararat Valley?

Armenia

126

Where is the Cricova District?

Moldova