greek Flashcards

1
Q

what is the aegean sea/where

A

The sea that is above the mediterranean sea in that little space.

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2
Q

what is the Mediterranea sea

A

the sea that crete is in. the sea below the aegaen sea.

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3
Q

Where is crete

A

Crete is the little island in the mediterranean sea.

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4
Q

where is asia minor

A

where modern turkey used to be above saudi arabia.

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5
Q

what is knossos

A

the place where the palace of minos is built and the capital of crete.

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6
Q

how were the minoans organized

A

small city states

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7
Q

what was the minoans economy

A

sea trading

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8
Q

what were the minoans religon like

A

they were polytheistic

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9
Q

what was the minoans writing system

A

Linear a

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10
Q

who built the palace of minos

A

the minoans

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11
Q

how did the minoans fall

A

Historians speculate that they declined most likely due to environmental factors such as
volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. However, they know FOR SURE that they fell due to
the invasion of the Mycenaeans.

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12
Q

what language did the mycenaens speak

A

Indo-european, greek

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13
Q

how were the mycenaeans organized

A

city-states

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14
Q

How were the mycenaeans religion like/where are they recorded

A

Polytheistic, beliefs and values recorded in the Homeric epics.

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15
Q

what was the writing system for the mycenaeans

A

linear b

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16
Q

This civilization is best known for the Trojan War. The Trojan War was thought to be a
legend until the city of Troy was discovered by German archeologist Heinrich
Schliemann.

A

mycenaeans

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17
Q

who was homer

A

Most famous Greek poet. His actual existence is debated by historians.

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18
Q

what are homers most famous works

A

the Iliad, and the Odyssey

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19
Q

what language did the dorians speak

A

Indo-european and greek

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20
Q

how were the dorians organized

A

city-states

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21
Q

what did the dorians do/cause

A

Invaded Greece during the Bronze Age Collapse which caused the Greek Dark Ages.

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22
Q

who built sparta

A

the dorians

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23
Q

Characteristics of the Greek Dark Age

A

Writing system Linear B forgotten

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24
Q

Characteristics of the Greek Dark Age

A

City-states abandoned as people move to small isolated villages

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25
Q

Characteristics of the Archaic Age

A

Unique Greek city-states called Polis featuring the highest point called the acropolis.

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26
Q

Characteristics of the Archaic Age

A

Greek alphabet

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27
Q

Characteristics of the Archaic Age

A

Hoplites (citizen-soldiers)

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28
Q

Characteristics of the Archaic Age

A

phalanx(a war formation used by spartans)

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29
Q

Characteristics of the Archaic Age

A

Forms of government: monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy, and democracy.

30
Q

what happened at the persian war battle of marathon

A

Battle of Marathon: Darius I is defeated by the Athenians.

31
Q

what happened at the persian war, battle of thermopylae

A

Battle of Thermopylae: Leonidas I of the Spartans is defeated by Xerxes.

32
Q

what happened to athens in the persian wars

A

Athens rose to prominence and formed the Delian League.

33
Q

what was the delian league

A

a military alliance against any enemies that might threaten Ionian Greeks

34
Q

who was pericles

A

he was an athenian statesmen

35
Q

what did pericles promote

A

democracy

36
Q

what was the Peloponnesian War

A

Sparta challenges the dominance of Athens

37
Q

what happened to the city states in the peloponnesian war

A

City states weaken as they battle among themselves

38
Q

what is a philosopher

A

lover of wisdom

39
Q

what is ethics

A

the philosphy of morality

40
Q

who founded the western philosophy

A

socrates

41
Q

what is socrates problem

A

each of us has to have an opinion of how socrates thought since we don’t know

42
Q

what was the socratic method

A

uses questions to lead the interlocutor to acquire knowledge in small steps.

43
Q

who said “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.”

A

socrates

44
Q

how did socrates die

A

Trial: Accused of corrupting the youth, impiety towards the gods, and being a threat to
democracy. Sentenced to death by suicide.

45
Q

who was plato

A

a student of socrates

46
Q

what form of gov did plato not like

A

democracy

47
Q

what famous work did plato write

A

The republic

48
Q

what did plato believe in

A

Idealism, Theory of Forms

49
Q

what is allegory of the cave

A

a book that plato made talking about how humans don’t really understand the reality of the world

50
Q

what was platos saying

A

the abstract world is good, the material world is evil

51
Q

what did plato make

A

platos academy

52
Q

who was aristotle

A

Student of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great

53
Q

what did aristotle believe in

A

realism

54
Q

who founded the lyceium

A

aristotle, a place for the study of all branches of knowledge

55
Q

what other than realism did aristotle belive in/what does it say

A

a mean between two extremes, you have to pursue it to live a good life according to him

56
Q

what were some greek literature

A

tragedy and comedy

57
Q

what is Oresteias

A

a book written in ancient greece about a family being torn up

58
Q

what is Antigone

A

a book written by sophocles, in which it explores what happens when a person moral duty conflicts with the laws of the state

59
Q

what is Lysistrata

A

a comedy by aristophanes that shows the women of athens banding together to force their husbands to end a war against sparta

60
Q

what happened in the conquest of persia

A

Philip II of Macedon unites all of Greece.
Alexander conquered Asia Minor, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, and even parts of India.
 Alexander never lost a single battle.
 War elephants!

 His empire is divided between his generals and the Hellenistic Kingdoms are born.

61
Q

what happened in the hellenistic age

A

greek culture spread everywhere

62
Q

what city in egypt happened in the hellenistic age

A

alexandria

63
Q

what did the hellenists achieve during the hellenistic age

A

Geometry, heliocentrism, medicine, inventions

64
Q

who were some important people in the hellenistic period

A

Pythagoras, Archimedes, Hippocrates

65
Q

who was pathagoras

A

made important developments in mathematics, astronomy, and the theory of music.

66
Q

who was arhcimedes

A

the greatest mathematician of his age.

67
Q

who was hippocrates

A

Hippocrates is considered to be the father of modern medicine

68
Q

what is oligarchy

A

when power is held by a small group of people

69
Q

what is an aristocracy

A

when power is held by nobility

70
Q

what is the oddeysey

A

the story of odysseus back to ithica his home island