minaerals Flashcards

1
Q

what is the deccan plateau

A

the triangular plateau that juts into the indian ocean

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2
Q

do a lot of people live in the plateau

A

No its sparse. It lacks the melting snow that feed the rivers of the north and provide water for irrigation.

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3
Q

What is the monsoons.

A

a seasonal wind in october that brings hot dry air that withers crops. Then during may anad hune the wet monsoon blows from the southwest and dups water on the crops.

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4
Q

ganges river

A

the most holy river in india.

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4
Q

Indus river

A

The river where the indus valley civilization was.

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5
Q

what two cities might have been possible twin capitals, and were carefully planned(cities that ruled the area after each other)

A

Harappa, and Mohenjo-daro

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5
Q

Himalayas

A

The mountains in north india

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6
Q

how was the indus valley civilization ruled

A

unknown but most likely had a strong central gov ruled by a king or queen.

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7
Q

what was the great bath

A

The Great Bath of Mohenjo-daro is a large pool located in the ancient city of Mohenjo-daro, one of the largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization

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8
Q

why did the indus valley civilization stop

A

Most likely because of environmental factors like floods and eaerthquakes.

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9
Q

what language did the aryan civilization speak

A

Indo-European language.

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10
Q

What was the aryan civilization lifestyle

A

nomadic, but later built cities and settled down

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11
Q

how was the aryan civilization organized

A

Tribal mainly, formed small kindoms later. Ruled by rajahs

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12
Q

what was aryan religion

A

Polytheistic. values recorded in vedas

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13
Q

what was the caste system in aryan civilization

A

Four castes, priests, warriors, herders farmers merchants, laborers and servants.

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14
Q

who founded hindu

A

various ethnic groups over time

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15
Q

what is dharma/what religion

A

Truth and reality/Buddhism

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16
Q

what is brahman/religon

A

the ultimate reality unchanging spiritual force omnipotent/hinduism. too complex for most people to understand.

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17
Q

what is atman

A

the belief everyone has an essential self/hindu

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18
Q

what is samsara

A

the cycle of death and rebirth

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19
Q

what is moksha

A

hindus believe the ultimate goal of existense is achieving moksha or being one with brahman

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20
Q

what is ahimsa

A

No violence.

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20
Q

what is hinduisms scripture

A

the vedas

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20
Q

who founded jainsism

A

mahavira

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21
Q

what are the four noble truths

A

THey stand in the hear of buddhism
1.all life is full of sufferring pain and sorrow
2.the cause of suffering is rooted in evils such as greed desire and hatred
3.the only cure for suffering is to overcome desire and other evils
4.to overcome desire and evil you have to follow the eight fold path

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22
Q

what is the eight fold path

A

right veiws, right aspirations, right speech,right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right contemplation.

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22
Q

who founded buddhism

A

siddartha gautama

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23
Q

what is nirvana

A

union with the universe and release form the cycle of rebirth

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24
Q

what is tripitaka or “three baskets of wisdon”

A

the three main texts that talk about buddhism
sutra pitaka,vinaya pitaka, and abhidhamma pitaka

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25
Q

who was chandragupta

A

founder of the mauryan empire the first empire in inda

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26
Q

how did chandragupta rule

A

he ruled cruely but it was effective

27
Q

what was changdraguptas policies

A

strong central government, secret police, religous tolerance

28
Q

who was asoka

A

the first and only Buddhist emperor

29
Q

how did asoka rule

A

at first it was harsh and crul, later:moral and caring

30
Q

what were asokas policies

A

religious tolerance,strong central government,social welfare

31
Q

where were the tamil kindoms

A

southern most tip of india

32
Q

what were the tamil kindoms characteristics

A

sea traders, they traded with each other china and even roman empire

33
Q

how was the gupta empire government

A

strong cenral gov, not as harsh/cruel as the mauryans, it was a golden age

34
Q

what did the gupta empire invent

A

decimal system and the concept of zerod

35
Q

who is kalidasa

A

the writer that wrote shakuntala

36
Q

what was the gupta empires education

A

buddhist school in nalanda, a center for learning

36
Q

why was the river called yellow river

A

because of all the flooding

37
Q

where is the gobi desert

A

north of china

38
Q

what two chinese rivers are important

A

yellow and chang river

39
Q

where is the tibetan plateau

A

southwest china

40
Q

why was china called the middle kingdom

A

they thought they were the center of civilization. they were isolate. they though the world revolves around them.

41
Q

what was the first dynasty in china

A

the shang dynasty

42
Q

how was the shang dynasty organized

A

small kingdoms, kings were the heads of important clans

43
Q

what was the heirchy /characteristics of the shang dynasty

A

kings and warriors on top, peseants and farmers lower

44
Q

how did chinese stop flooding

A

the PEASANTS built dikes

45
Q

how was the zhou dynasty organized

A

feudalism. local lords govern their own land but own military allegiance to the king

46
Q

what did zhou use as justification to eliminate the shang

A

the mandate of heaven

47
Q

what was important about zhou economy

A

Economic growth, ironworking allows for large-scale irrigation, coins developed

48
Q

what period came after the zhous fall

A

the warring states period

49
Q

is confuciansm a religion or philosphy

A

philosphy

50
Q

what was the central texts for confucianism

A

The analects

51
Q

what were the five relationshiops of confucianism

A

ruler and subject, father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, friend to friend

52
Q

what is filial piety

A

respecting your elders/comes above even loyalty to the state

53
Q

how should the leader be according to confucias

A

rulers should lead by example and be virtuos

54
Q

what is yin and yang

A

the wellbeing of the universe depends on this harmony. yin is black yang is white.

54
Q

who should leaders listen too according to confucias

A

they should listen to educated men

55
Q

who made daoism

A

laozi

56
Q

what was the central text in daoism

A

the way of virtue

56
Q

what type of religion was daoism

A

they had gods goddesses and did magical practices

57
Q

what are daoists trying to accomplish

A

to be one with nature/harmony with nature

58
Q

who founded the qin dynasty

A

SHI HUANGDI the first emperor of china

59
Q

what was the qin gov like

A

Strong central government, oppressed political dissenters, cruel and harsh

60
Q

what philosphy did the qin dynasty believ in

A

legalism

61
Q

what great thing still here today was built in the qin dynasty

A

the great wall of china

62
Q

who founded the han dynasty

A

liu bang or gao zu

63
Q

who was the han dynastys most famous emperor

A

wudi

64
Q

what was the han gov like

A

Strong central government, Expansionism, Confucianism becomes official
philosophy of the state.

65
Q

who advised the gov in the han dynasty

A

scholar officials

66
Q

what road did they build in the han dynasty

A

the silk road

67
Q
A
67
Q

what did the han dynasty make/achieve

A

Calendar and timekeeping devices, acupuncture, paper.

68
Q
A