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Flashcards in GV101 essays Deck (25):
0

Definition of political ideologies (4)?

Liberalism - Social and economic freedom
Conservatism - Social authority and economic freedom
Socialism - Social authority and economic intervention
Environmentalism - Social freedom and economic intervention

1

Define expressive voting?

Voting based on party attachment, ideology or social group.

2

Define: Strategic voting

Voting to produce an electoral outcome as close as possible to individual policy preferences.

3

Define political cleavage?

Societal division that produces alignment between group of voters and a party.

4

Define dealignmemt?

Erosion of political cleavages, and replacement with individualistic voting.

5

Define majority and minority government?

Government where party controls (maj) or does not control (min) majority of seats in parliament

6

4 characteristics of a dictatorship?

1) leaders by non electoral means
2) elected assemblies play a purely consultative role
3) non independent courts and rule of law
4) curtailed individual rights and freedom

7

Types of dictatorship?

Absolute monarchy - King as supreme leader, succession via family line.

Military - Government comprised of committee or junta, elected institutions often suspended.

Civilian - Non democratic regime with uncompetitive elections.

8

What is symmetric and asymmetric federalism?

Symmetric - All states are considered equal (USA)

Asymmetric - States are not given equal power (Quebec in Canada has more)

9

Define presidentialism?

Government is not responsible for the elected legislature, fixed time in office, cannot be removed without cause.

10

Define parliamentarism?

Government is responsible for the elected legislature and the head of state is not elected for a fixed term, can be removed at any point.

11

What is a single party government?

Where one party has all the seats in cabinet

12

What is a coalition government?

Where two or more parties have cabinet seats

13

What is a minimum winning coalition?

Where there are not any parties that aren't required to control the legislative majority

14

What is a surplus winning coalition?

Where at least one party is not required to control the legislative majority.

15

Economic integration?

Common market - Single market - Single currency - Common fiscal policy

16

Political integration?

Consensus agreements - Supranational institutions - Majority decisions between governments - Election of central institutions - New state

17

Define intergovernmental?

Decisions made unanimously between governments, by heads of governments with few powers for independent institutes

18

Define supranational?

Decisions made by quasi federal arrangements - agenda setting by supranational executives, legislation by majority decisions

19

What have China, Russia and EU struggled to solve?

Dilemma between economic logic (specialisation, economies of scale) and political logic (harmonious debate)

20

Economic integration?

Common market - Single market - Single currency - Common fiscal policy

21

Political integration?

Consensus agreements - Supranational institutions - Majority decisions between governments - Election of central institutions - New state

22

Define intergovernmental?

Decisions made unanimously between governments, by heads of governments with few powers for independent institutes

23

Define supranational?

Decisions made by quasi federal arrangements - agenda setting by supranational executives, legislation by majority decisions

24

What have China, Russia and EU struggled to solve?

Dilemma between economic logic (specialisation, economies of scale) and political logic (harmonious debate)