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Flashcards in H&S in the lab Deck (23)
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1

Why is it important to have a health and safety policy?

protect employers



protect employees



protect work experience students



provide a safe working environment



protect clients and their animals

2

Name 4 different legislations relevant to H&S in labs

Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 (1999)



Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) 2002)



Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1988, Collection and Disposal of Waste Regulation 1992, Environmental Protections Act 1990



Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR)

3

Describe health and safety executives

Health and Safety Executives (HSE) are the enforcement body of the HSC.

4

What is the aim of legislation?

Aim of legislation is to prevent accidents and protect personnel from risks within the work place.



Legislation applies to ALL businesses to ensure a safe working environment for both staff and visitors.

5

What are the employer responsibilities?

written health and safety policies if more than 5 employees



induction training



supervision and training of inexperienced staff



safe working environment



“local rules”

6

Give some examples of lab local rules

Only authorised personnel are admitted to the laboratory



Wear the protective clothing provided



Long hair is to be tied back



Staff must have received adequate training and supervision



Smoking, eating and drinking are not permitted in the laboratory



Wash hands regularly and prior to leaving the lab

7

Name some employee responsibilities

ensure they work in a safe manner and also consider the safety of themselves and others



respect health and safety



co-operate with the employer



not interfere with anything provided for health and safety



keep appropriate vaccinations up to date

8

What should risk assessments do/include?

Identify the hazard

Identify the personnel at risk

Assess the risks

Implement control measures

Inform/train staff

Monitor and review

Maintain written records

9

Describe COSHH

Introduced to manage and control the risks associated with hazardous substances



Includes all pharmaceutical products and chemicals



All employers and self employed persons must make assessments of all potential hazards and risks that could occur from such substances



All employers are required to provide adequate control measures to risk associated with these.

10

Describe RIDDOR

Dangerous occurrences are required ‘by law’ to be reported to the HSE or local authority.



There are 3 main categories:

major or fatal accidents

‘three day’ accidents

dangerous occurrences and near misses



Must be reported ASAP by phone then written confirmation within 7 days (form 2508)

11

What does Control of Pollution (Special Waste) Regulations 1988 cover?

Fumes / anaesthetic gases

12

What does Collection and Disposal of Waste Regulation 1992 cover?

Clinical waste, cadavers, sharps, glass waste, chemical waste etc…

13

What does Environmental Protections Act 1990 cover?

Disposal of waste from domestic and industrial establishments.

14

Describe disposal of waste

All businesses have a duty of care to ensure waste is stored and disposed of responsibly



Hazardous Waste Regulations control the disposal of hazardous / clinical waste and pharmaceutical waste.



Waste is separated into two categories

Hazardous

Non- Hazardous

15

Describe hazardous waste

cytotoxic and cytostatic pharmaceuticals



infectious waste (viable micro-organisms or toxins)



sharps contaminated with blood or pharmaceuticals



photographic chemicals

16

Describe non-hazardous waste

any pharmaceuticals other than cytotoxic / cytostatic



offensive waste – unpleasant waste that is not hazardous



domestic rubbish

17

Describe first aid in the laboratory

all personnel should know who is the first aid officer



always know where the first aid box is!



ensure it is correctly stocked



nominate a person to be responsible for this task



report accidents in the accident book

18

What should be in place for spillage of chemicals?

Spillage of chemicals should be dealt with immediately

Spills are usually either chemical or biological.



Every laboratory should have a spillage kit which should contain:

absorbent towels

absorbent material i.e. cat litter

P.P.E i.e. goggles, apron, gloves

forceps for picking up broken glass etc.

water & disinfectants

19

What should be done if a chemical is spilt on skin?

“dilution is the solution to pollution”

irrigate the affected area with sterile saline or cold tap water



remove any contaminated clothing



see hazard data sheet for possible antidote



seek medical attention

20

What should you do in the case of eye contamination?

do not allow the eye to be rubbed



apply sterile eye bath solution, sterile saline or tap water to the eye for 2-3 mins , using an eye bath if available



continue for at least 15-20 minutes for any corrosive solutions and medical treatment should be sought



solution should not be aimed directly into the eye but towards the medial canthus of the eye, to prevent sharp debris being forced further into the eye

21

What should be done if glass breakage occurs?

imple accidents may usually be dealt with by:



covering the debris with paper towels and pouring over them a liberal amount of disinfectant



removal of residue with spill kit if necessary



glass can be swept into a dust pan and disposed of in sharps waste



if a tube has broken in a centrifuge, disinfectant should be used and the debris removed with forceps

22

What should be done if there is a release of aerosols?

if noxious fumes or contaminants are released e.g. if a fume cupboard ventilation of room ventilation fails



the occupants of the room should leave immediately for 20- 30 minutes to allow dissipation. Call for assistance if required



make sure all personnel are aware that the area is unsafe



trained, senior personnel wearing protective equipment i.e. mask should clean the room thoroughly

23

How do you deal if you are overcome by fumes?

Patients should be quickly moved to fresher air



Check ABC’s where required and act accordingly



Solvents/cleaning fluids can often cause headaches, vomiting, leading to unconsciousness and some more severe chemicals may cause the heart to stop



Medical attention should be sought if symptoms show particularly if prone to asthma