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Year 3 - Anatomy, Muscoskeletal > Hand and wrist lectures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hand and wrist lectures Deck (28)
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1

What is the main action of the muscles on the forearm of the anterior aspect?

Flexion of the wrist

2

What is the main action of the muscles on the forearm of the posterior aspect?

Extension of the wrist

3

If following a trauma and individual is unable to extend the wrist which nerve is likely to be injured?

The radial nerve

4

From distal to proximal what are the bones of the hands?

1) Distal phalanges
2) Intermediate phalanges
3) Proximal phalanges
4) Metacarpals
5) Carpals

5

Name the carpal bones starting at the base of the thumb and moving clockwise fashion

1) Trapezium
2) Scaphoid
3) Lunate
4) Triquetrum
5) Pisiform
6) Hamate
7) Capitate
8) Trapezoid

6

Which type of joint is the Glenohumeral joint?

Synovial ball and socket

7

Which type of joint is the elbow joint?

Synovial hinge

8

Which type of joint is the proximal and distal radio-ulnar joint?

Synovial pivot

9

Which type of joint is the wrist joint?

Synovial condyloid

10

Which type of joint is the carpo-metacarpal (1st) joint, thumb?

Synovial saddle

11

Which type of joint is the carpo-metacarpal (2-5th) joint?

Synovial condyloid

12

Which type of joint is the proximal metacarpo-phalangeal joint?

Synovial condyloid

13

Which type of joint is the interphalangeal joint?

Synovial hinge

14

Movements of the Glenohumeral joint?

1) Flexion
2) Extension
3) Adduction
4) Abduction
5) Circumduction

15

Movements of the elbow joint?

1) Flexion
2) Extension

16

Movements of the proximal and distal radio-ulnar joint?

1) Pronation
2) Supination

17

Movements of the wrist joint?

1) Flexion
2) Extension
3) Adduction
4) Abduction
5) Circumduction

18

Movements of the carpo-metacarpal (1st) joint, thumb?

1) Flexion
2) Extension
3) Adduction
4) Abduction
5) Circumduction
6) Opposition

19

Movements of the carpo-metacarpal (2-5th) joint?

1) Flexion and extension (4th and 5th)
2) Almost no movements (2nd and 3rd)

20

Movements of the proximal metacarpo-phalangeal joint?

1) Flexion
2) Extension
3) Adduction
4) Abduction
5) Circumduction

21

Movements of the interphalangeal joint?

1) Flexion
2) Extension

22

Where does the subclavian artery become the axillary artery?

Lateral border of the 1st rib

23

Where does the axillary artery become the brachial artery?

At the inferior border of teres major muscle

24

Where does the brachial artery divide into the radial and ulnar artery?

Within the cubital fossa

25

Which arteries form the palmar arteries of the hand?

The radial and ulnar arteries

26

Which arteries are given off from the palmar arteries?

The digital arteries, run either side of the digits

27

Which artery is the main contributor to the superficial palmar arch?

The ulnar artery

28

Which artery is the main contributor to the deep palmar arch?

The radial artery