Upper Limb 1 Flashcards Preview

Year 3 - Anatomy, Muscoskeletal > Upper Limb 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Upper Limb 1 Deck (180)
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1

What is the name of the shoulder joint?

The glenohumeral joint

2

The middle portion of the clavicle is positioned anterior or posterior?

Being S-shaped it moves forward in an anterior aspect

3

The medial portion (Sternal end) of the clavicle is positioned anterior or posterior?

Posterior

4

The lateral portion (acromial end) of the clavicle is positioned anterior or posterior?

Anterior

5

What is the role of the conoid ligament?

It binds the conoid tubercle of the clavicle to the coracoid process of the scapula

6

Which part of the clavicle is weakest?

The middle 1/3rd

7

What is the Allman classification used for?

Specifying the type of clavicle fracture:
> Group I = Middle 1/3rd
> Group 2 = Lateral 1/3rd
> Group 3 = Middle 1/3rd

8

In terms of the scapula what aspect forms the shoulder joint?

The glenoid fossa

9

What does the spine of the scapula continue on to form?

The Acromian of the scapula

10

What is the name of the fossa superior to the spine of the scapula?

The supraspinous fossa

11

What is the name of the fossa inferior to the spine of the scapula?

The infraspinous fossa

12

What is found at the superior aspect of the glenoid fossa?

The supraglenoid tubercle

13

What is found at the inferior aspect of the glenoid fossa?

The infraglenoid tubercle

14

What is the projection of the scapula found on the anterior surface?

The coracoid process

15

What is the fossa of the scapula found on the anterior surface?

The sub scapular fossa

16

What are the joints of the clavicle?

1) The Sternoclavicular
2) The acromioclavicular

17

What type of joint is the sternoclavicular?

Synovial saddle joint

18

What is the fear aspect of the scapula known as?

The blade of the scapula

19

What type of joint is the acromioclavicular?

Synovial plane

20

How does the clavicle articulate with the scapula?

At the acromian forming the acromioclavicualr joint

21

What is the ring of fibrocartilage surrounding the glenoid fossa called?

The glenoid/acetabular labrum

22

What is the role of the glenoid labrum?

The ring of fibrocartilage surrounding the glenoid fossa allows a wider and deeper joint increasing its stability.

23

Which ligament is found between the acromian and the coracoid process?

The coraco-acromial ligament

24

Which ligament(s) fix the clavicle to the coracoid process?

1) Trapezoid (In front)
2) Conoid (Behind)

25

What is meant by the scapula-thoracic joint?

Although not a true joint it is the movement of the scapula on the thoracic wall allowing full abduction of the shoulder joint

26

What is the upwards movement of the scapula called?

Elevation

27

What is the downwards movement of the scapula called?

Depression

28

What is the forwards movement of the scapula called?

Protraction

29

What is the backwards movement of the scapula called?

Retraction

30

What is the upward rotation of the scapula called? (Elevating the glenoid cavity)

Lateral rotation