Hard Tissue (Bone) Flashcards Preview

Biomechanics Exam 1 > Hard Tissue (Bone) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hard Tissue (Bone) Deck (12):
1

Bone consists of what three things:

Collagen
Ground substance
Minerals
(in a matrix)

2

Purpose of skeletal system?

Protect (internal organs)
Rigid kinematic links
muscle attachment
Facilitate body movement and muscle action

3

Doe bones remain active throughout life?

yes

4

One of the most dynamic and metabolically active tissues in the body.

bone

5

Is bone vascular?

Yes, highly

6

Does if have the capacity for self-repair?

Yes, excellent

7

Which is tougher, cortical or trabecular bone?

trabecular

8

Exhibits distinct mechanical properties when loaded along various axes because its structure differs in the transverse and longitudinal directions:

anisotropic

9

Cortical bone can tolerate _____ loads better than _____ loads

Longitudinal
transverse

10

How can bone fractures be produced?

By a single load that exceeds the ultimate strength of the bone or
By repeated applications of lower-magnitude load (fatigue/stress fracture)

11

Cortical bone can with strand greater stress ______>______>_____

Compression
Tension
shear

12

Bone has the ability to remodel. What is this called?

Wolff's Law