Hazmat 2 1st Responder-General guidelines Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hazmat 2 1st Responder-General guidelines Deck (9)
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The initial notification by field units of a hazardous materials incident will warn the responding units of what?

Transmission of the signal 10-80 will serve to warn responders to proceed with caution to avoid entering a restricted area.


The Department of Transportation classifies chemicals according to their major hazardous characteristics. What are the #'s and corresponding hazards that are placed on the shipping placards?

**Every Good Lt's SOP Requires Coordinated Members**

1. Explosives.
2. Compressed Gases.
3. Flammable Liquids.
4. Flammable Solids.
5. Oxidizers
6. Poisons.
7. Radioactive Material.
8. Corrosives
9. Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods.


Name the methods a chemical can enter the body?
***SIP IE***

There are five ways a chemical can gain entrance into the body.
♦ Inhalation. (breathing)
♦ Skin contact. (absorption)
♦ Ingestion. (swallowing)
♦ Puncture/wound.
♦ Eyes.


What is the initial action taken by first to arrive units at a Hazmat Incident?

Proper identification of the material involved is essential to decide on safe tactics to handle any hazardous materials incident. Identification should be the initial action taken by the first to arrive units.


Check shipping papers if possible. They are kept at what locations on a:

♦ Truck ----The "bill of lading" is kept in the cab within reach of the driver.
♦ Railroad -The "waybill" is carried by the conductor in the caboose or engine.
♦ Aircraft----The "air bill" is kept by the pilot.
♦ Ships -----The "cargo manifest" is kept by the master or first mate.


As much information as is available shall be transmitted to the responding Haz-Mat Unit
by radio. This should include?


♦ Name of material involved.
♦ 4 digit number.
♦ Quantity.
♦ Type of release (explosion, leaking valve, broken bag, etc.).
♦ Color of vapor or material.
♦ Whether fuming or not.
♦ How it is reacting with surrounding material.
♦ Any other information that may be pertinent.


What shall we do with a member that was exposed prior to the recognition of the material?

Any members who are exposed prior to recognition of the hazardous material should be
isolated until proper information is available.


When relaying the name of the substance to the Dispatcher it shall be relayed how to avoid mistakes?

If first arriving units are able to identify the substance by name, this shall be relayed, letter by letter, phonetically (A-Adam, B-Boy, etc.), to the dispatcher for notification to Chemtrec and to the Hazardous Materials Response Team (HMRT).
It cannot be overemphasized how critical the spelling of a chemical name is.


In general, Department of Transportation regulations require placards to be posted
only on trucks that are transporting OVER ______ pounds of the particular material.

Sec. 7
♦ It is possible to have vehicles transporting up to 1000 pounds of a hazardous substance without placards visible on the outside of the vehicle.