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Flashcards in Head And Neck Deck (64)
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1

Which of the paranasal sinuses drain into the superior meatus?

The posterior ethmoidal cells.

2

Which of the paranasal sinuses drain into the middle meatus?

The frontal and maxillary sinuses, and anterior ethmoidal cells.

3

What drains into the inferior meatus?

The nasolacrimal duct.

4

Which of the paranasal sinuses drain into the spheno-ethmoidal recess?

The sphenoid sinuses.

5

What are the posterior openings of the nasal cavity called?

Choanae.

6

What divides the nasal cavities?

Nasal septum.

7

What are the protruding shelves of bone in the nasal cavity called?

Conchae (turbinate bones)

8

Where is the opening to the auditory tube?

The lateral wall of the nasopharynx.

9

What are the pillars of Fauces?

Palatoglossal, and palatopharyngeal folds.

10

How long is the oesophagus?

25cm.

11

At which vertebral level is the pharyngo-oesophageal junction?

C6.

12

At which vertebral level is the gastro-oesophageal junction?

C10.

13

What is the name of the larynx cartilage on top of the cricoid cartilage?

Arytenoid cartilages.

14

What is the name of the membrane covering the vocal processes of the arytenoid cartilages?

Conus elasticus.

15

What is the name of the space between the vocal folds?

Rima glottidis.

16

Name the two transversely orientated folds in the larynx.

Vestibular folds (superior), and vocal folds (inferior).

17

What is the muscle posterior to the trachea?

Trachealis.

18

Which vertebral level is the hyoid bone at?

C3.

19

Which vertebral level is the bottom of the cricoid cartilage?

C6.

20

What is the level of the sternal angle and tracheal bifurcation?

T4/T5.

21

Which vertebral level is the suprasternal notch and first rib (at the front)?

T2.

22

What is the mastoid process?

The pointy bit behind your ear.

23

Where is the mental protuberance of the mandible?

Bit that makes up the chin.

24

What are the boundaries of the anterior cervical triangle?

The midline from the chin to suprasternal notch, the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the inferior border of the body of the mandible.

25

What are the boundaries of the submandibular (digastric) triangle?

The inferior border of the mandible, and the anterior and posterior belly of the digastric muscle.

26

What are the boundaries of the carotid triangle?

The anterior border of sternocleidomastoid, the posterior belly of digastric, and superior belly of the omohyoid.

27

What are the boundaries of the submental triangle?

Anterior bellies of digastric muscles and the body of the hyoid bone.

28

What are the borders of the muscular triangle?

The sternocleidomastoid, superior belly of the omohyoid, and the midline.

29

Name the four suprahyoid muscles.

Mylohyoid, stylohyoid, geniohyoid, digastric.

30

Name the four infrahyoid muscles.

Omohyoid, thyrohyoid, sternohyoid, sternothyroid.