Pancreas And Spleen and Kidneys Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Pancreas And Spleen and Kidneys > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pancreas And Spleen and Kidneys Deck (13):
1

What are the 2 ducts of the pancreas called and where do they open?

Accessory pancreatic ducts -> minor duodenal papilla in D2
Pancreatic duct -> ampulla of Vater and major duodenal papilla in D2

2

Which system is the spleen part of?

Reticuloendothelial system

3

Which embryological tissue is the spleen derived from?

Mesoderm

4

What distinguishes an enlarged spleen from an enlarged kidney?

Notched border of spleen

5

What 3 organs is the visceral surface of the spleen related to?

Left kidney, splenic flexure of colon, stomach

6

What organ is the hilum of the spleen related to?

Tail of the pancreas

7

Since the spleen is often ruptured by blunt trauma to the left hypochondrium, and can lead to fatal internal bleeding, what is a good technique to stop the bleeding when just suturing the spleen up is liable to rupture it further?

Use part of the greater omentum as a pressure bandage - laying it over the laceration and suturing it on. It acts as a peritoneal covering and seals the opening.

8

Why is hepatosplenomegaly more likely than just hepatomegaly?

The spleen and liver are related - both are supplied by arteries arising from the coeliac trunk, and the splenic vein joins the superior mesenteric vein to form the hepatic portal vein.
Both the spleen and liver enlarge towards the right iliac fossa.
Enlargement of liver restricts blood supply and causes enlargement of spleen.

9

What are the two functions of the gall bladder?

To store and concentrate bile.

10

Name the 5 parts of the pancreas.

Uncinate process
Head
Neck
Body
Tail

11

What type of organ are the kidneys and ureters and suprarenal glands?

Retroperitoneal

12

How are the suprarenal glands positioned relative to the kidneys?

Superior on the right, supero-medial on the left.

13

Which muscle of the posterior abdominal wall are the kidneys just lateral to?

Psoas major