Pelvis and Perineum Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Pelvis and Perineum > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pelvis and Perineum Deck (115)
Loading flashcards...
1

Name the masses of erectile tissue forming the penis.

Corpora cavernosa along the dorsal part of the body of the penis, corpus spongiosum forming the bulb and ventral part and glans, and surrounding the urethra.

2

What is the bit of the corpus cavernosum that's attached to the ischiopubic ramus called?

The crus (plural = crura).

3

What muscle surrounds the penile crura?

Ischiocavernosus muscle.

4

Which muscle surrounds the bulb of the penis?

Bulbospongiosus muscle.

5

What is the muscle called that stabilises the perineal body in the centre?

Superficial transverse perineal muscles.

6

What is the closed sac of peritoneum on the anterolateral side of the testis called?

Tunica vaginalis.

7

Where is the ampulla of the ductus deferens?

Between the ureters and the ejaculatory duct.

8

Where is the prostate gland?

Immediately inferior to the bladder, posterior to the pubic symphysis and anterior to the rectum.

9

Where are the seminal vesicles?

At the base of the back of the urinary bladder, joining the ductus deferens to from the ejeculatory duct which penetrates through the back of the prostate gland.

10

What are the four sections of the male urethra, and what type of epithelium lines them?

1) Prostatic - transitional epithelium
2) Membranous - pseudostratified columnar epithelium
3) Bulbar (spongy/penile) - pseudostratified columnar epithelium
4) Pendulous (spongy/penile) - pseudostratified columnar epithelium (except stratified squamous in navicular fossa)

11

Name the most superior part of the uterus, and then the two parts more inferior to it.

Fundus, body, cervix.

12

What is the fold of peritoneum connecting the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis called?

Broad ligament.

13

What are the three parts of the broad ligament of the uterus?

Mesometrium - mesentery of uterus.
Mesovarium - mesentery of ovaries.
Mesosalpinx - mesentery of uterine tube.

14

Which is the ligament of the uterus that runs through the inguinal canal?

Round ligament

15

What is the pouch behind the uterus and in front of the rectum called, and what is its significance?

The rectouterine peritoneal pouch (Pouch of Douglas) which is the lowest part of the abdominal cavity when a woman is standing upright.

16

What is the pouch in front of the uterus and behind the bladder called?

Uterovesical peritoneal pouch.

17

What are the 4 parts of the uterine tubes?

Isthmus, ampulla, infundibulum, fimbriae.

18

What is the ligament called formed by peritoneum surrounding ovarian vasculature?

Infundibulopelvic ligament (suspensory ligament of ovaries).

19

Which part of the broad ligament is the ovary attached to?

The posterior layer.

20

What do you call the bit attaching the ovary to the upper part of the uterus?

Ovarian ligament.

21

What are the outer folds of the vulva called that develop from the genital swellings?

Labia majora.

22

What are the inner folds of the vulva called that develop from the urethral fold?

Labia minora.

23

What is the name for the opening of the vagina?

Introitus.

24

What is the name for the clitoral hood?

Prepuce of the clitoris.

25

What is the name for the opening of the urethra in the woman?

External urethral meatus.

26

What are the recesses around the cervix called?

Anterior, posterior, and lateral fornix.

27

What structure is the posterior fornix in close proximity to?

Rectouterine peritoneal pouch.

28

What is the name of the meeting place of muscles just anterior to the external anal sphincter?

Perineal body.

29

What develops from the pubic tubercle in men and in women?

Men = glans penis
Women = glans clitoris

30

What is the remnant of the zipped up urethral groove in men?

Raphe