Health, Hygiene, And Illness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Health, Hygiene, And Illness Deck (66)
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1

How long must you wait after local anaesthetic before flying again

12 hours

2

How long must you wait after general anaesthetic before flying again

24 hours

3

what is gastritis

Problems with the lining of the stomach

4

What is Gastro- enteritis

Mostly food poisoning but can be viral

5

What is the most common cause of pilot incapacitation

Food poisoning/ gastro-enteritis

6

What foods should you avoid to avoid food poising

Fresh fruit
Local curries
Meat (unless properly cooked)
Salads
Ice cream

7

What are the different types of back pain

Back ache
(from sitting for too long or in a awkward position)
Or lifting awkwardly

Slipped disk
Causing the disk to press against the nerve in the spine

Sciatica
Nerves in the spine become irritated or inflamed

Whiplash
Neck injury caused by sudden impact

Frozen shoulder
Stiffness / soreness in shoulder normal because it is inflamed

Ankylosing spondylitis
Long term back pain where spine meets pelvis

8

What does 1 unit of alcohol equate to

1/2 pint of low % beer

1 small glass of wine

1 shot of spirit

9

How many milligrams of alcohol per 100ml of blood is 1 unit

15 milligrams

10

At what rate does your body metabolise alcohol

15 milligrams / 100ml of blood / hour

=

1 unit / hour

11

What is the max milligrams of alcohol / 100ml blood for eu operations limit

20 milligrams of alcohol/ 100ml of blood

12

How many milligrams of alcohol / 100 ml of blood can significantly increase errors by flight crew

40milligrams

13

What is the recommended alcohol intake for men

5 units / day
21 units / week

14

What is the recommended alcohol limit for women

3 units / day
14 units / week

15

What is the definition of alcoholism

Where excessive use of alcohol repeatedly damages a persons physical, mental, or social life

16

Symptoms of alcoholism

Drinking alone
Gilligan first drink
Wondering when next drink is
Defensive about drinking habits
Protective over their alcohol
Use alcohol as tranquilliser
Shaky in the morning
Loss of memory
Binge drink

17

How much caffeine / 100ml of blood reduces performance

200milligrams

18

What is the recommended max caffeine intake per day

250-300 milligrams / 100ml of blood

19

How much caffeine is in a large cup of coffee

60-70 milligrams / 100ml of blood

20

What is the ABCD malaria protection method

A awareness of the risk
B bite prevention
C check if you need malaria prevention tablets
D diagnosis if you have been to one of the affected countries and feel ill

21

How is yellow fever spread

By Mosquitos who usually bite during day in towns and cities

22

What symptoms of yellow fever mean you’re gonna die

Bleeding from mouth / nose / ears

23

How does polio get contracted

Person to person

Especially fesses
Or coughing / sneezing

24

What are the later stages of polio

Paralysis usually temporary
Breathing difficulties

25

How is typhoid fever contracted

Salmonella typhi

Fesses contaminated in food or water

26

What are the symptoms for acute hepatitis

Flu
High temp
Nauseous
Muscle ache
Tired all the time
Loss of appetite
Dark urine
Yellowing of skin

27

What are the symptoms of chronic hepatitis

Swelling of legs / ankles / feet
Blood in fesses and vomit
Loss of liver function (cirrhosis)

28

What causes hepatitis A

Food and drink contaminated with fesses of an infected person

29

What is the treatment for hepatitis A

No treatment

Antibiotics reduce symptoms

30

What causes hepatitis B

Spread through blood of infected person

By shared needles or unprotected sex