Healthcare Waste Management Flashcards Preview

PH 136 > Healthcare Waste Management > Flashcards

Flashcards in Healthcare Waste Management Deck (28):
1

Which is false?
A.Sharps are treated with chemical disinfectant before burying.
B.Pathological waste is put in the ref before chemical disinfectant treatment.
C.HWM Cost is still the same even when there's no segregation.

C

2

Healthcare waste is a result of the ff procedures on humans and animals, except
A. Diagnosis
B. Prognosis
C. Treatment
D. Immunization

B

3

Healthcare waste is not a result of:
A. Research in training hospitals
B. Production and testing of biological products
C. Funeral parlors
D. NOTA

D

4

Enumerate the 3 non-burn technologies used when no facility to treat waste is available

Autoclave
Hydroclave
Microwave

5

Identify type of waste
Packaging materials, kitchen waste, waste fr admin offices, housekeeping

General waste

6

Bin color for dry, non-infectious waste

Black

7

Bin color for wet, non-infectious waste

Green

8

Bin color for patho/infec waste

Yellow

9

Differentiate infectious fr pathologic waste

Infectious - may include gloves and tubing
Pathological - limited to tissues,organs, body fluid & human fetus

10

T/F
Only sharps used in HIV patients are considered hazardous

F
All used sharps are considered hazardous

11

What must be done before sharps are disposed in landfills?

Sharps are pre-treated with iodine solution at the bottom of the container

12

How is medical resistance developed from pharmaceutical waste?

When low conc of meds like antibiotics are poured down the drain, bacteria don't get killed. They survive and develop resistance

13

Three main sources of chemical waste: enumerate

Cleaning
Expeimental/diagnostic work
Housekeeping and disinfecting

14

Formaldehyde & insecticide are examples of what kind of waste?

Chemical waste

15

Disposable cartridges and aerosol cans are what type of waste?

Pressurized containers

16

[Pressurized Containers]
What is a propellant?

Makes up bulk of content while remaining small amount is active ingredient

17

T/F
Pressurized containers may explode if incinerated or accidentally punctured

T

18

Two main chemicals that may make materials into Radioactive waste - enumerate

Radio iodine
Technetium 99

19

What heavy metal is used for lining of containers for storage of radioactive waste?

Lead

20

Part of the hospital with the most amount of challenging waste

Laboratories

21

What kind of waste is found in the hospital laboratory but not in medical wards?

Chemical wastes

22

Which is false?
A.Only general waste is generated from admin offices
B.Volume reduction can be brought about by policy development.
C.Autoclave and microwave both function via high temp and pressure.

A
Chemical waste &; waste with high content of heavy metals

23

On-site collection of waste must be done __ times daily.
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.either A B or C

C

24

Off-site collection of waste must be done __ times weekly.
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.either B or C
E.either A,B or C

D

25

False about incinerator
A.efficient in neutralizing and disinfecting waste
B.efficient in reducing waste volume
C.ash is not hazardous anymore
D.NOTA

D

26

Which is false?
A.Incinerator maintenance less than 1200 deg C may produce carcinogens.
B.Autoclaved waste can't be contaminated in transport.
C.Autoclave method cannot reduce waste volume.
D.NOTA

B

27

Which two types of waste are delayed to decay before disposal?

pharmaceutical waste
radioactive waste

28

Which 4 types of waste may use non-burn tech?

infectious waste
sharps
chemical waste
pathological waste