Lab Exercise 1 to 6 Flashcards Preview

PH 136 > Lab Exercise 1 to 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Exercise 1 to 6 Deck (34):
1

What instrument was used to measure turbidity, in the experiment?`(be specific)

Lovibond Turbidity Meter

2

What unit is used to measure the turbidity, in the experiment?

Nephelometric Turbidity Unit

3

T/F
If ambient temperature of the calibration does not deviate by less than +- 3 degrees Celsius from the current ambient temperature, the measurements are accepted by the unit.

F
more dapat

4

In the turbidity meter, what does it mean when you get a "E01" message?

light absorption too great. Reason may be due to dirty optics

5

In the turbidity meter, what does it mean when you get a "+Err" message? What must you do?

measuring range exceeded; calibrate it to the next turbidity standard

6

In the turbidity meter, what does it mean when you get a "-Err" message?

result below the lowest limit of the measuring range

7

instrument used in the experiment for pH determination

Cyberscan 1100 pH meter

8

Which display in the meter shows current pH reading and temperature?
A. upper
B. lower
C. Both
D. there is only one display

A

9

Be sure to remove electrode soaker bottle or protective rubber cap on the electrode before measurement.
T/F

T

10

pH electrode is not affected by temperature.
T/F

F

11

To limit loss of accuracy during calibration, make the temperature of the pH buffer calibrating solution and the sample solution different.
T/F

F
same pa rin

12

Which is false?
A.Turbidity is the amount of particulate matter that is suspended in water.
B.Turbidity measures the clumping effect that suspended solids have on light.
C. BOTA
D. NOTA

B
scattering dapat

13

What is the capacity of water to neutralize a strong base?

Water acidity

14

When mineral acids are present in water, the water is still safe to drink. T/F

F

15

Mineral acidity = 0 if pOH of sample is greater than 4.5
T/F

F
pH dapat

16

 Carbonic acid causes the __ acidity
A. methyl orange
B. phenolphthalein
C. BOTA
D. NOTA

B

17

The ff may cause alkalinity of water except
A. bicarbonate
B. carbonate
C. hydroxyl
D. NOTA

D

18

T/F
Bitter taste of alkaline water has a negative health impact.

F
no health risk

19

Which is not used in acidity determination?
A.methyl orange indicator
B.standard NaOH solution (0.02 N)
C.phenolphthalein
D.bromocresol green

D

20

Sequence their use in acidity det
A.standard NaOH solution (0.02 N)
B.phenolphthalein
C.methyl orange indicator

C
A
B

21

end point color for acidity det

faint pink

22

Which is false?
A.There is no standard value for acidity because there is no direct effect on health.
B.Hypochlorous acid is an effective disinfectant only for pH > 8
C.Temporary hardness can be removed by boiling
D.NOTA

B

Hindi siya effective sa pH > 8

23

most common source of water contamination by mineral acids

usually from acid mine drainage (when mineral deposits that contain sulfides are mined)

24

true about Zero Phenolphthalein Alkalinity (PA)
A. ↓Carbon and OH-
B. no bicarbonate
C. acidity is low
D. NOTA

A

bicarbonate predominates here

25

true about Phenolphthalein Alkalinity (PA)
A. If PA is greater than ½ of total alkalinity: carbonate ions predominate
B. If PA is less than ½ of total alkalinity: OH- ions predominate
C. BOTA
D. NOTA

D

baliktad kasi

26

permanent hardness cannot be removed by:
A.addition of washing soda (sodium carbonate)
B.boiling
C.ion exchange
D.use of polyphosphate water softeners

B

27

Alkalinity Determination: If sample does not turn pink, how are the reagents arranged?
A.methyl orange
B.phenolphthalein
C.0.02N H2SO4 titrant

B
A
C

28

identify end point color in alkalinity det

pinkish orange

29

Methyl orange is
__in alkaline solution, __ in neutral, and __ in acid.

yellow
orange
red

30

hardness det: how are reagents arranged?
A.Eriochrome Black T indicator
B.EDTA Titrant
C.Ammonia buffer solution

C
A
B

31

identify end point color in hardness det (assume freshly prepared reagent)

blue

32

"Duration of titration should not exceed 5 minutes measured from the time the buffer is added."
In what expt is this applicable?
A. acidity det
B. alkalinity det
C. hardness det
D. calcium det

C

33

Calcium det: how are reagents arranged?
A.murexide indicator
B.EDTA Titrant
C.1N NaOH

C
A
B

34

"Because of high pH of the sample, perform titration immediately after addition of alkali"
In what expt is this applicable?
A. acidity det
B. alkalinity det
C. hardness det
D. calcium det

D