Hearing loss Flashcards Preview

Otolaryngology > Hearing loss > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hearing loss Deck (20):

Ringing, buzzing, or "crickets" in the ears describes this manifestation of hearing loss.



T/F Conductive hearing loss involves the inner ear/8th CN

F - sensorineural


What are 5 causes of conductive hearing loss?
How can you tx them

1. cerum impaction (most common) - irrigate, ear drop, instrument
2. swelling of EAC - topical meds
3. TM perforation - surgery
4. Middle ear fluid - most common cause of hearing loss in kids - abx/myringotomy tubes
5. ossicular chain abnormalities


What are 5 causes of SNHL that involve injury to hair cells in the COCHELA/neural elements innervating the hair cells?

1. persistent noise exposure
2. presbycusis (age related change in CN 8)
3. genetics
4. infections/postinflam process
5. Tumor growth (acoustic neuroma) along CN 8


What does pure-tone audiometry test?
What does 0-db level mean?
T/F the higher the threshold, the better the patient's hearing (e.g threshold lower than 25db is considered abnormal)

1. hearing levels
2. normalized to young, healthy adults (doesnt mean abscence of detectable sound)
3. F. higher than 25 is abnormal


What type of conduction? Ability of external and middle ear to transmit sound to cochlea.
What type of hearing loss?

Air conduction. Relates to conductive hearing loss (barrier to sound transmission)


What is the air-bone gap? What type of hearing loss is this associated with?

Gap between the air and bone conduction thresholds on the audiogram. Seen with conductive hearing loss


What type of hearing loss can be diagnosed if air conduction and bone conduction thresholds are equal (eg. no air-bone gap) but >25db



What does the speech discrimination test evaluate?
What is normal?

1. ability to understand spoken words and assess fcn of auditory division of CN 8
2. 90%-100% is normal


What does tympanometry evaluate?

TM mobility and response to pressure changes in the EAC.


Tympanometry with greatest compliance where P(ear canal) = Patm
Peak at 0

Type A: EAC is patent and middle ear and TM are healthy
Max TM mobiltiy when pressure in canal is atmospheric


Tympanometry with compliance of TM greatest at pt where pressure in canal is 200mm of water below Patm (L shift)

Type C: Inefficient eustachian tube fcn with persistent neg pressure in the middle ear.
Retracted TM secondary to eustachian tube dysfunction


Tympanometry with poor compliance at any freq (no peak)

Type B: Suggests TM immobilization by fluid in middle ear or TM perforation.


1. If audiogram shows conductive hearing loss, but it's not apparent on physical exam, what does this imply?
2. Etiology?
3. Tx

1. Ossicular chain problem (otosclerosis)
2. hereditary - bony prolif w/in temporal bone at footplate of stapes --> fixates ossicular chain
3. Stapedotomy


This is the most common form of hearing loss. What's the most freq cause?
Is it teratable with surgery?

SNHL, prebycusis
No - but cochlear implants and devices may help if profound.


How does presbycusis present?

Symmetric hearing loss starting with high frequecies. May have tinnitus and diff w/speech discrim


Symmetric noise notch in bone-conduction thresholds at 4000 Hz indicates what?

SNHL secondary to acoustic trauma (noise exposure)


What does an asymmetric SNHL potentially indicate?
Diagnostic test?

benign tumor of CN 8 (acoustic neuroma)
MRI with gadolininum


Who are candidates for hearing aids?

Bilateral profound hearing loss
Younger children to help in lang and social dev.


What causes sudden SNHL?
Onset is over a period of less than ___ hrs.
This is a medical emergency

viral infection or a disorder of inner ear circulation due to vascular disease.