Flashcards in Henry VII - central and local government Deck (8)
Henry VII changes to central government.
-Inner group of King's council
-Court of Requests, Court of General Surveyors, Council Learned in the Law.
-'new men' brought in - lesser landowners, gentry/professional classes, lawyers.
-Needed men of ability, not just birth.
-exploitation of royal rights.
Who were the council learned in the law?
-Epsom and Dudley, dealt with problems concerning royal lands and rights.
- Staffed by men with legal expertise and important in enforcing Bonds and recognisances.
Royal authority in the North
-had the responsibility to defend the northern border, also administrative and judicial power.
-Council in London closely watched their activities - members appointed by him, ensuring greater loyalty and enforcement of will.
Royal authority in Wales.
-Henry revived Council of Wales and the marches in 1493, under the head of Arthur.
-Death and loss of lands by a number of Marcher lords he was able to increase his control.
Royal authority in Ireland.
-Ireland was a Yorkist stronghold so control was limited to the Pale (around Dublin)
-Henry's deputy in Ireland (Poynings) failed to bring Ulster under greater control.
- Increasing control would be costly, so Henry forced to rely on its rule through traditional families.
How effective was local government?
-He lacked paid officials to enforce his laws, relied on support of nobility and gentry.
-JPs: chosen from second rank of landowners, weakened power of greater nobles. Dependent on other officials to bring offenders to them.
-Henry dependent on goodwill to ensure justice was implemented.
What was the role of JPs?
-Implementing social and economic statutes
-dispensing justice and trying criminal offences
-upholding public order
-replacing suspect members of juries
-acting in cases of non-capital offences without a jury
-arresting and questioning poachers
-empowered to grant bail