Henry VII - central and local government Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Henry VII - central and local government Deck (8)
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1

Henry VII changes to central government.

-Inner group of King's council
-Court of Requests, Court of General Surveyors, Council Learned in the Law.
-'new men' brought in - lesser landowners, gentry/professional classes, lawyers.
-Needed men of ability, not just birth.
-exploitation of royal rights.

2

Who were the council learned in the law?

-Epsom and Dudley, dealt with problems concerning royal lands and rights.
- Staffed by men with legal expertise and important in enforcing Bonds and recognisances.

3

Royal authority in the North

-had the responsibility to defend the northern border, also administrative and judicial power.
-Council in London closely watched their activities - members appointed by him, ensuring greater loyalty and enforcement of will.

4

Royal authority in Wales.

-Henry revived Council of Wales and the marches in 1493, under the head of Arthur.
-Death and loss of lands by a number of Marcher lords he was able to increase his control.

5

Royal authority in Ireland.

-Ireland was a Yorkist stronghold so control was limited to the Pale (around Dublin)
-Henry's deputy in Ireland (Poynings) failed to bring Ulster under greater control.
- Increasing control would be costly, so Henry forced to rely on its rule through traditional families.

6

How effective was local government?

-He lacked paid officials to enforce his laws, relied on support of nobility and gentry.
-JPs: chosen from second rank of landowners, weakened power of greater nobles. Dependent on other officials to bring offenders to them.
-Henry dependent on goodwill to ensure justice was implemented.

7

What was the role of JPs?

-Implementing social and economic statutes
-dispensing justice and trying criminal offences
-upholding public order
-replacing suspect members of juries
-acting in cases of non-capital offences without a jury
-rewarding informers
-arresting and questioning poachers
-empowered to grant bail

8

How important was parliament?

-Only called when King needed money or to pass laws.
-Only met 7 times during his reign.
-H wanted to avoid asking the country for money as it caused disquiet.
-avoided war as much as possible so needed to raise less money
-Used to pass Acts of attainder
-Role as a court of law being fulfilled by other courts
-succeeded in establishing law and order.