Henry VII - securing the throne Flashcards Preview

History A-level Tudors > Henry VII - securing the throne > Flashcards

Flashcards in Henry VII - securing the throne Deck (7)
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1

How had HVII gained the throne?

-Through battle, killing Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in August 1485.
-People disliked the rule of Richard but didn't actively support Henry

2

What was his claim to the throne?

-Weak - through his mother Margaret Beaufort.
-Father's mother was a French princess married to Henry V before Owen Tudor.
-He was the male Lancastrian claimant to the throne

3

Why did he change the date of the start of his reign?

- Dated it to the day before Bosworth so that anyone who fought against him were traitors and could have their estates seized, which would add to his wealth.

4

What role did Parliament play?

-Arranged his coronation for 30th October, before parliament met, so that it could not be claimed he was King only because of Parliament.

5

How did marriage to Elizabeth of York help his claim?

-Asked for papal dispensation.
-united the houses of York and Lancaster.
-Took place in January 1486, after he had been crowned, so that it could not be claimed he owed the crown to his wife.

6

How did he initially deal with Yorkist claimants?

-Edward (earl of Warwick) sent to the tower.
-John de la Pole (earl of Lincoln) professed loyalty and joined King's council.
-Earl of Surrey kept in prison until 1489.
-Duke of Northumberland released at the end of 1485 and restored to old position.

7

What role did his exile play?

-Weakened his position.
-Unknown in England, having spent 14 years in exile in France after the Lancastrian defeat at Tewkesbury in 1471.
- Can be argued that country would support a King who could offer peace and stability.
-Replacing not only an unpopular king, but also a King that was dead - not dependent on any nobility.