Flashcards in Henry VII - power of nobility Deck (11)
How were nobility a problem for Henry?
-Henry was a usurper and there was nothing preventing a powerful noble from attempting to overthrow him.
-Previously, the nobility had been able to exploit a weak King.
-They owned large amounts of land.
-He needed their advice to govern.
-'Super Nobles' existed, but Wars of the Roses killed off many so he didn't have much nobility to deal with.
'Stick' methods used.
-Acts of Attainder
-Bonds and recocnisances
-Proclamations banning retainers.
'Carrot' methods used.
-The Order of the Garter
-Membership to King's Council.
What was the Order of the Garter?
-Great honour for those who had given excellent service.
-Gave prestige but not power or land.
-Highest order of Chivalry
What was Patronage?
-As a result of loyal service.
-Given to men loyal both before and at Bosworth.
-Not just given to nobility.
-Limited amount given out, so became highly valued.
King's council/Great council significance?
-King's council = sign of trust.
-Summons to the Great council = ensured noble support for measures.
What were Acts of Attainder?
-Families lost their right to possess land.
-9 against nobles, reversed 5.
-Good behaviour resulted in their reversal so ensured loyalty as those attained sought to reverse social and economic decline.
What were bonds and recognisances?
-Written agreements whereby nobles who offended the King either paid for their offence or paid money as security for future good behaviour.
-sometimes reached £10,000.
-Between 1485 and 1509, 36/62 noble families were involved in such agreements.
How were retainers a threat to Henry?
-Nobility recruited local fighting forces, which were a threat to the King as he didn't possess his own standing army.
-1485: Lords and Commons swear not to retain illegally.
-1504: Proclamations ensuring nobles needed a licence to retain and heavy fines if this was not followed.
What are Feudal Rights?
-Marriage: King profited from arranged marriage of heirs to certain lands.
-Wardship: Estates of minors placed under royal control, income exploited for the crown.
-Relief: Payment to King when land inherited
-Livery: Payment to king to recover from wardship