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Flashcards in Herbals Deck (18)
1

The 3 herbals that have potential antiplatelet effect

Ginkgo biloba
Ginseng
Garlic

2

St. John's Wort

CYP450 3A4 inducer
Potential for Serotonin Syndrome when taken with SSRI

3

Saw Palmetto

helps with BPH

4

Kava

potentially hepatotoxic

5

Valerian root

Sedating
Not to be used with benzos, alcohol, sedatives/hypnotics

6

Herbals for BPH

Saw palmetto
Stinging Nettle
African plum

7

Omega 3

cod liver oil

Uses: hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia (>500), CV disease

Drug interactions: anticoagulants/anti-platelets

Potentially additive effects with antihypertensives

8

Glucosamine

Uses: OA, TMJ arthritis

Interactions: Warfarin- increased risk of bleeding

SE: hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, elevated BP

9

Chondroitin

Uses: dry eyes, OA

Interactions: Warfarin- increased risk for bleeding

SE: N/V

10

Echinacea

Uses: cold/flu, stimulate immune system, wound/skin problems

Interactions: MS, TB, increases caffeine concentration

SE: rashes, increased asthma, anaphylaxis, GI irritation

11

Ginko biloba

uses: memory impairment, PAD

Interactions: A/C increase risk of bleeding, decrease efficacy of alprazolam, anticonvulsants

SE: spontaneous bleeding, HA, dizziness, skin reactions

12

Flaxseed

Uses: constipation, DM, hypercholesterolemia, menopausal symptoms

Interactions: Warfarin, ALL ORAL DRUGS (SPACE THEM OUT)

SE: can cause constipation if not consumed with enough water

13

Ginseng

Uses: improve health and recovery of illness, increase stamina, DM, Respiratory infections

Interactions: Warfarin, additive affects with DM meds, MAOIs

SE: GI, sleep issues

14

Garlic

uses: HTN, hyperlipidemia, CAD, GI Cancers

Interactions: Warfarin, oral contraceptives

SE: mouth/GI burning, flatulence, diarrhea

15

Coenzyme Q-10

Uses: CHF, HTN, Migraines, MI

Interactions: Warfarin, additive effect with HTN meds

16

Probiotics

Uses: prevent/treat diarrhea, IBS

Interactions: might decrease antibiotic effectiveness

17

Melatonin

Uses: insomnia, jet lag

Interactions: CNS depressants, fluvoxamine, immunosuppressants

SE: drowsiness

18

Black Cohosh (rattle weed, bug wart)

Uses: arthritis, muscle pain, menopausal symptoms

Interactions: cisplatin, inhibits CYP 2D6

SE: weight gain, HA, breast tenderness, vaginal bleeding, liver failure, autoimmune hepatitis