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Flashcards in respiratory Deck (53)
1

Fissures visible on chest x-ray

fluid overload

2

Most common community-acquired pneumonia pathogen

Strep. pneumoniae

3

Most common walking pneumonia pathogen

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

4

Diagnostics for pneumonia

Curb-65 and pneumonia severity index

5

Curb-65 criteria

Diagnostic tool for pneumonia: Confusion Urea > 7 mmol/L Resp. Rate > 30 Blood pressure SBP < 90 Age > 65

6

Pathogens most likely to cause HCAP

Staph aureus and pseudomonas

7

Single best manifestation indicative of pneumonia

new infiltrate on chest x-ray

8

Intervention that solely decreases mortality in critical COPD patients

noninvasive positive pressure ventilation

9

pneumonia hides normal borders and structures

silhouette sign

10

Criteria for pneumonia

2 out of 3 of the following:

hypo/hyperthermia

leukocytosis/penia

purulent secretions

 

and new lung infiltration CXR

11

Treatment regimen for active TB

RIPE

Rifampin

INH (isoniazide)

Pyrazinamide

Ethambutol

12

Defintion of Asthma

13

Ominious signs with asthma attack

14

Asthma symptoms  < 2 days/week

15

Asthma symptoms > 2days/week but not daily

16

Asthma symptoms daily

17

asthma symptoms throughout the day

18

nighttime awakenings due to asthma < 2x/month

19

Nighttime awakenings due to asthma 3-4x/month

20

Nighttime awakenings due to asthma >1x/week but not nightly

21

Nighttime awakenings due to asthma often 7x/week

22

Mild COPD

23

Moderate COPD

24

Severe COPD

25

Very Severe COPD

26

Key indicators for diagnosis of COPD

27

Assessment findings with emphysema

28

Assessment findings with chronic bronchitis

29

Lab assessment findings with COPD

Hypokalemia, hypochloremia, increased serum bicarb

These are venous findings consistent with CO2 retention

30

5 mm induration of PPD is positive

31

10mm induration of PPD is positive

32

15mm induration of PPD is positive for

33

Screening for prioir TB treatment

34

hallmark diagnosis of pneumonia

Lung consolidation via chest xray or physical exam (auscultation, dullness to percussion, egophony, tactile fremitus)

35

Treatment of pneumonia is previously healthy pt. no abx use

36

Treatment of pneumonia with comorbidities or use of abx in past 3 months

37

Treatment of pneumonia in ICU pt.

38

Treatment of pnuemonia in ICU pt with pseudomonas risk (ventilator or immunocompromised)

39

Treatment of pneumonia in ICU patient with MRSA

40

Curb-65 criteria for hospitalization of pneumonia

41

Clinical diagnostic criteria of ARDS

42

Most common causative organism for pneumonia in HIV pts

43

These drugs helps prevent nosocomial pneumonia

Sucralfate (Carafate) - does not change the pH of the gastric content, therefore if it is aspirated, there typically are not bugs in this content to cause a pneumonia

One of the most common causes of nosocomial pneumonia is aspiration of gastric contents

44

Mechanism of hypoxemia in PE

45

Kerley's lines on chest x-ray

46

Redistribution of flow in pulmonary vasculature on chest x-ray

Chronic CHF

47

X-ray findings of COPD pt.

48

Whittening of the terminal airspaces

49

Gold standard of diagnosis for Pulmonary HTN

50

highest risk factor for developement of DVT

51

Lung disease characterized by reduced airflow rates

52

Lung disease characterized by reduce volumes

53

Lights Critera for Exudative Pleural Effusion

One or more of the following:

Pleural fluid protein to serum protein ratio >0.5
Pleural fluid LDH to serum LDH ratio >0.6
Pleural fluid LDH >2/3 (0.6) the upper limit of normal serum LDH (200-300)