Infectious Disease Flashcards Preview

ACNP REVIEW > Infectious Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infectious Disease Deck (31)
1

Uses for Bactrim (TMP/SMX)

Tree: respiratory tree (S. pneumonia & H. Influenzae) otitis media, bronchitis, and pneumonia
Mouth: GI diarrhea such as shigella, salmonella, and E. Coli
Pee: GU UTI, prostatitis, urethritis caused by E. Coli
Syndrome: AIDS/HIV covers PJP pneumonia

2

Common pathogens for central line infections

Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus, S. Aureus, enterococci, candida

3

Common pathogens for CAP

S. pneumoniae, H. Influenzae, M. catarrhalis, Klebsiella, E. Coli

4

Common pathogens for HAP

Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, E. Coli, Klebsiella

5

Common pathogens for cellulitis

Strep. pyogenes and staph. aureus (often MRSA)
tertiary: S. pneumoniae and beta hemolytic strep

6

Viral URI pathogens

Influenza, RSV, rhinovirus, coronavirus, metapneumonia virus

7

TB treatment

Initial: RIPE for 6 months
Rifampin, Isonizide (INH), Pyroxidine, Ethambutol

Relapsed: Rifampin or INH for 9 months - 1 year

8

Aminoglycosides

Amikacin
Gentamicin
Tobramycin

SE: ototoxicity

9

Amphenicol

Chloramphenicol

Tox: agranulocytosis; kids: mitochondrial syndrome

10

Carbapenem

Beta-lactam

Ertapenem
Meropenem
Imipenem

Avoid in pts. with seizures

11

Cephalosporins

Beta-lactam

12

First Generation Cephalosporin

Cefazolin
Cephalexin

Good gram (+) coverage

13

Second Generation Cephalosporin

Cefuroxime
Cefoxitin

14

Third Generation Cephalosporin

Ceftriaxone
Cefotaxime
Cefdinir
Ceftazadime

15

Fourth Generation Cephalosporin

Cefepime

Covers pseudomonas good gram (-)

16

Monobactam

Aztreonam

Gram (-) only, used in PCN/cephalosporin allergy

17

PCN

Nafcillin
Oxacillin
Piperacillin

SE: interstitial nephritis

18

Fluoroquinolones

Ciprofloxacin
Levofloxacin
Moxifloxacin

SE: tendonitis/rupture

19

Glycopeptides

Vancomycin

Gram (+)
SE: red man syndrome

20

Glycylcine

Tigecycline

Skin and soft tissue infections

SE: GI upset, INCREASED MORTALITY RISK, intractile N/V

21

Lincosamides

Clindamycin

SE: C.Diff

22

Lipopeptide

Daptomycin

Gram (+), poor lung penetration

SE: myopathy/rhabdo

23

Macrolide

Erythromycin
Clarithromycin
Azithromycin

Tox: QT prolongation

24

PCN combination

Ampicillin/sulbactam (unasyn)
Amoxicillin clavulanate (Augmentin)
Pipericillin/Tazobactam (Zosyn)

25

Streptogramins

Quinupristin/dalfopristin

Tox: myalgia (joint pain)

26

Sulfonamides

Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethroprim (Bactrim)

SE: liver/renal toxicity, allergies

27

Tetracyclines

Doxycycline

SE: sun sensitivity, pill esophagitis

Minocycline

SE: blue skin changes, loss of balance

28

Pseudomonal coverage

Aminoglycosides
Meropenem
Imipenem
Ceftazadime
Cefepime
Aztreonam
Pipericillin
Ciprofloxacin
Polymixins

29

MRSA coverage

Ceftaroline
Vancomycin
Tigecycline
Daptomycin
Quinupristin
Linezolid

30

VRE coverage

Tigecycline
Daptomycin
Linezolid

31

Beta-Lactams

Carbapenems
Cephalosporins
Monobactams
Penicillins