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Flashcards in HIGHEST YIELD 3 Deck (122)
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1

“cup-in-pencil or cup-and-pencil deformity”

- Psoriatic Arthritis
- Almost always accompanies skin disease, especially nail changes
- Mostly involves DIP joints of hands > feet
- Classical deformity is called “cup-in-pencil or cup-and-pencil deformity”

Erosion of one end of bone with expansion of the base of the contiguous metacarpal
There is often resorption of terminal phalanges
There is usually no osteoporosis

Most are HLA-B27 positive, RA factor negative
Characteristic findings
Tends to involve smaller joints of hand and foot more than larger joints
Asymmetrical joint involvement
Affects both the juxta-articular and articular margins of joint

2

PAIN ON THE LATERAL ASPECT OF THE ELBOW

- extensor carpi radialis brevis

3

largest nerve of the body

- L4, L5, S1, S2, S3

4

malignant mass at the scapular area opposite to 7th thoracic vertebra. lymph nodes affecting the back

- POSTERIOR AXILLARY LYMPHNODES

5

EJACULATION

- bulbospongiosus muscle contracts

6

proximal convoluted tubule; bowman's capsule

- cuboidal/ low columnar epithelium; squamous epithelium

7

endothelium of cornea lined by

- simple squamous epithelium

8

cell lines influenced by by growth factors

- progenitor cells

9

synthesis of secretory proteins

- rough ER

10

fall on elbow, elbow dislocation

- most likely affected ULNAR NERVE
- least likely affected MEDIAN NERVE

11

INTERNAL SPERMATIC FASCIA

- fascia transversalis

12

vessel supply the adrenal gland

- abdominal aorta
- renal artery
- inferior phrenic artery

13

inferior mesenteric artery

- not involved in vessel supplying the adrenal gland

14

innervates the mediastinal pleura

- phrenic nerve

15

nerve blocked during circumcision

- pudendal nerve block

16

levator ani muscles

- pubococcygeous
- puborectalis
- iliococcygeus
- anococcygeal body

17

coccygeus

- is not part of levator ani muscle

18

gram (+)

- has no periplasmic space

19

too much lipid on the cell wall

- acid fast stain

20

have super oxide dismutase

- microaerophiles

21

isolate vibrio cholera

- thiosulfate citrate bile salts

22

virulence factor of stap aureus

- protein A

23

Enterohemorrhagic E.coli
(EHEC)

- microangiopathic hemolytic anemia
- thrombocytopenia
- renal failure

24

TB bacilli vs Mycobacterium species

- NIACIN

25

VIRULENCE FACTOR OF mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli

- CORD FACTOR

26

TREATMENT OF LEPROSY

- DAPSONE
- RIFAMPIN
- CLOFAZIMINE

27

hereditary spherocytosis with pancytopenia

- ss naked linear icosahedral DNA virus

28

AIDS
CD4

- KAPOSIS SARCOMA

29

most dangerous type of dengue

- Serotype B

30

T- wave in the ECG

- ventricular repolarization