Histology Flashcards Preview

Gastroenterology (Own) > Histology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Histology Deck (22):
1

What type of epithelium lines the oral cavity, pharynx and oesophagus?

Non-Keratinised stratified squamous epithelium

2

What is the purpose of the epithelium in the oral cavity, pharynx and oesophagus?

Protective

3

What type of epithelium lines the stomach?

Simple columnar epithelium with tubular glands

4

What is the purpose of the epithelium of the stomach?

Secretory

5

What type of epithelium lines the small intestine?

Simple columnar with villi and tubular glands

6

What is the purpose of the epithelium of the small intestine?

Absorptive

7

What type of epithelium lines the large intestine?

Simple columnar with tubular glands

8

What is the purpose of the epithelium which lines the large intestine?

Protective and absorptive

9

What type of epithelium lines the anal canal?

Non-keratinised stratified squamous epithelium

10

What is the purpose of the epithelium lining the anal canal?

Protective

11

What are the 4 layers of the digestive tract?

Mucosal
Submucosal
Muscularis externae
Series of Adventitia

12

What are the three layers within the mucosa?

Epithelium, lamina propria and muscularis mucosa

13

What is the muscularis externae composed of`?

2 layers of smooth muscle

14

Name the 4 types of papillae of the tongue

Fungiform, filiform, foliate and circumvallate

15

Which part of the tongue lacks papillae?

Posterior 1/3

16

what are gastric pits lined with?

Mucous cells

17

Why does the stomach have an additional layer within the muscular externa?

To aid the churning action of the stomach

18

What is found in the submucosa of the duodenum?

Brunner glands

19

Which part of the intestine has largest villi?

Jejunum

20

What does the submucosa of the ileum contain?

Pyers patches

21

What are the cells of the epithelium of the small intestine?

Enterocytes
Goblet cells
Paneth cells
neuroendocrine cells
Stem cells

22

what are the cells of the epithelium of the large intestine?

Absorptive cells
Goblet cells